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Presented by:

Nishtha Monga
Jasmeet Kaur

Btech. Students of DAVIET Jalandhar


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•Introduction
•What is neural networks?
•A Simple neuron
•Biological neural model
•Artificial neural model
•Advantages
•Applications
•Conclusion

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 Artificial neural networks are the computing systems inspired
from biological neural networks that play key role in human body.
Based on the collection of connected nodes called neurons that
can transmit a signal from neuron to another.
 Human body is the best example of parallel processing. With the
help of these neurons the parallel processing is done in human
body. In human body, brain is the most interesting study area since
long time.
 The final goal to initiate these artificial neural networks is to solve
the problems in the same way our human brain would do.
 The first step towards this research was by McCulloch in 1943.

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 An engineering research approach from biological neurons of brain
 Research says brain stores information in the form of patterns.
 This process of storing information as patterns, utilizing those patterns,
and then solving problems encompasses a new field in computing

Why ANN: Characteristics


•Massive Parallelism
•Distributed representation and computation
•Adaptability and Learning Ability
•Fault Tolerance

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 Each input is multiplied by its
corresponding weights. weights are the
information used by the neural network
to solve a problem.
 Weight represents the strength of
interconnection between neurons inside
the neural networks.
 The weighted inputs are all summed up
inside computing unit(artificial neuron).
 In case the weighted sum is zero, bias is
added to make the output not zero or to
scale up the system response.
 Bias has the weight and input equal to ‘1’

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 Contains a large number of processor which have low speed
but simple in structure.
 Having Distributed Memory but integrated into processor.
 Computing is done with self learning in a parallel and
distributed manner.
 In terms of reliability it is robust.
 The operating environment is poorly defined and
unconstrained

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 In this model, some of the neurons
interface to the real world to receive its
inputs. Other neurons provide the real
world with the network's outputs.
 The rest of neurons are hidden from the
view.
 Each neuron in a hidden layer receives
the signals from all of the neurons in a
layer above it, typically an input layer.
After a neuron performs its function it
Two types of network structure: passes its output to all of the neurons in
•Feed forward network
the layer below it
•Feedback network

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•It includes human like thinking.
•They handle noisy or mixing data
•They can work with large number of variables or parameters
•They provide general solutions with good predictive
accuracy
•System has got property of continuous learning
•They deal with non-linearity in the world in which we live

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 VGT and EGR Control of Common-Rail Diesel Engines
 Serum Biomarkers for Ovarian Cancer
 Predicting Long Term Kidney Transplantation Outcome
 Modeling and Forecasting Stock Prices
 Developing a Hotel Investment Decision model
 Dual Band Micro strip Antenna Design
 Hadron Collisions at LHC
 Fingerprint recognition using Artificial neural networks

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 By studying artificial Neural Network we had concluded that as
per as technology is developing day by day the need of Artificial
Intelligence is increasing because of only parallel processing.
Parallel Processing is more needed in this present time because
with the help of parallel processing only we can save more and
more time and money in any work related to computers and
robots. If we talk about the Future work we can only say that we
have to develop much more algorithms and other problem solving
techniques so that we can remove the limitations of the Artificial
Neural Network. And if the ANN concepts combined with the
Computational Automata we will definitely solve some limitations
of this excellent technology.

Department of computer science Engineering