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Presented by:

HYMAN JAY H. BLANCO, RCrim, MSCJ


Coordinator; Office of Student Affairs

Anti-Bullying
Act of 2013
(REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10627)
AN ACT REQUIRING ALL
ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY
SCHOOLS TO ADOPT POLICIES TO
PREVENT AND ADDRESS THE ACTS
OF BULLYING IN THEIR INSTITUTIONS
What is bullying?
 It refers to:
a) Any severe or repeated use
b) By one or more students
c) Of a written, verbal or electronic
expression, or a physical act or gesture,
or any combination thereof
d) Directed at another student
e) that has the effect of:
 actually causing or placing the latter in reasonable
fear of physical or emotional harm or damage to his
property;
 creating a hostile environment at school for the
other student;
 infringing on the rights of the other student at
school; or
 materially and substantially disrupting the
education process or the orderly operation of a
school;
 Bullying in school is a frequent and serious problem

 “A student is being bullied or victimized when


exposed, repeatedly over time, to intentional injury
or discomfort inflicted by one or more students. It
implies an imbalance of power or strength in which
others victimize one child” [According to Peterson and
Skiba (2002, in Corrigan, 2004)]
Bullying vs. Usual Conflicts
 Bullyingcan be differentiated from the
usual conflicts between students.
 The former is a combination of aggression
and power while the latter has no
deliberate intention to hurt physically
and/or emotionally.
Two Types of Bullying
 DIRECTBULLYING - involves physical and
verbal aggression
 Consisted of name calling, taunting, hurtful
teasing, insults, put downs, intimidation,
extortion, harassment, and/or threats.
 Such form of bullying was done mostly by
male students.
 INDIRECT BULLYING - involves
relational/social bullying
…cnt’d
 INDIRECT BULLYING - involves
relational/social bullying
 Involved gossiping, spreading rumors,
writing hurtful notes (i.e. cellphone
messages, online blogs), and exclusion from
games or groups.
 Those incidents happened mostly among
groups of female friends.
Examples of Bullying
 punching  inflicting school
 pushing pranks
 shoving
 teasing
 kicking
 fighting and
 slapping
 the use of available
 tickling
objects as weapons
 headlocks
… cnt’d
 Any slanderous → name-calling
statement or accusation
→ tormenting and
that causes the victim
undue emotional distress → commenting
like:
negatively on
→ directing foul language
or profanity at the victim’s looks, clothes
target and body
…cnt’d
 Any act that causes damage to a victim’s
psyche and/or emotional well-being;

Cyber-bullying or any bullying done


through the use of technology or any
electronic means.
Responsibilities of Schools
All elementary and secondary schools must
adopt policies

which address

the existence of bullying

in their respective institutions


Responsibilities of Schools
 The schools shall provide students and their
parents or guardians of a copy of the anti-
bullying policies being adopted by the school

 Such policies must also be included in the


school’s student and/or employee handbook
and shall be conspicuously posted on the
school walls and website
Anti-Bullying
Mechanisms
The school principal or any person
who holds a comparable role
shall be responsible for the
implementation and oversight of
policies intended to address
bullying.
Step One: REPORT
 Any member of the school administration,
student, parent or volunteer shall
immediately report
 any instance of bullying or act of
retaliation witnessed, or that has come to
one’s attention,
 to the school principal or school officer or
person so designated by the principal to
handle such issues
Step Two: INVESTIGATE
 Upon receipt of such a report, the school
principal or the designated school officer
or person shall promptly investigate.
Step Three: TAKE ACTION
 If it is determined that bullying or retaliation
has occurred, the school principal or the
designated school officer or person shall:
a) Notify the law enforcement agency if the
school principal or designee believes that
criminal charges under the Revised Penal
Code may be pursued against the
perpetrator;
b) Take appropriate disciplinary administrative
action;
Step Three: TAKE ACTION
c) Notify the parents or guardians of the
perpetrator; and
d) Notify the parents or guardians of the
victim regarding the action taken to
prevent any further acts of bullying or
retaliation.
Step Three: TAKE ACTION
Note: If an incident of bullying or retaliation
involves students from more than one school,
the school first informed of the bullying or
retaliation shall promptly notify the appropriate
administrator of the other school so that both
may take appropriate action.
Some
Important Points
Can bullying be done outside
school grounds?
YES!

R.A. 10627 also prohibits bullying:


 at a location, activity, function or program that is not
school-related
 and through the use of technology or an electronic
device that is not owned, leased or used by a school
 if the act or acts in question:
a) create a hostile environment at school for the victim,
b) infringe on the rights of the victim at school, or
c) materially and substantially disrupt the education
process or the orderly operation of a school
If you report a bullying
incident, are you protected?
YES!
R.A. 10627 prohibits retaliation against a
person:
 who reports bullying,
 who provides information during an
investigation of bullying, or
 who is a witness to or has reliable
information about bullying;
Can you report a bullying
incident anonymously?
YES!

R.A. 10627 states however, that no


disciplinary administrative action shall be
taken against a perpetrator solely on the
basis of an anonymous report
Will the perpetrator of bullying
or retaliation be rehabilitated?
YES!
 R.A. 10627 states that, in addition to the
disciplinary sanctions, the perpetrator of
bullying or retaliation shall also be required to
undergo a rehabilitation program which shall
be administered by the institution concerned.
 The parents of the said perpetrator shall be
encouraged by the said institution to join the
rehabilitation program.
Can the names of the
perpetrators be made public?
The names of students who committed acts of
bullying or retaliation shall be strictly confidential; and
only made available to the:
o school administration
o teachers directly responsible for the said students
and
o parents or guardians of students who are or have
been victims of acts of bullying or retaliation
Recommendations for
Action Plans in Schools
 The teachers should know how to
intervene in bullying incidents, improve
classroom management, and recognize
and reinforce positive behaviors of
students.
 The homeroom advisers can discuss
bullying and ways to get along with
others.
Recommendations for
Action Plans in Schools
 Student leaders must be more vigilant
and concerned in maintaining a caring
environment.
 They can assign specific student officers
to monitor places prone to bullying –
classrooms, hallways, comfort rooms,
playgrounds, and canteen.
Recommendations for
Action Plans in Schools
 Parents should be encouraged to view
their school involvement as a
responsibility.
 Parenting seminars, organized by the
guidance counselors, can focus on
positive forms of discipline.
Recommendations for
Action Plans in Schools
 The guidance counselors should
incorporate a program which teaches
skills and strategies to avoid victimization.
This can be conducted during group
guidance classes.
Recommendations for
Action Plans in Schools
 The topic which should be addressed first
must be about recognizing the bullying
behaviors. The students need to learn to
differentiate bullying from the usual
playful teasing or petty quarrels by
knowing the definition of bullying and its
different forms.
Recommendations for
Action Plans in Schools
 The second topic should be on how to
refuse bullying. Appropriate ways to
handle bullies should be discussed and
demonstrated through role plays in class.
 The last topic should be on reporting
bullying incidents.
Recommendations for
Action Plans in Schools
 Bullying incidents should be reported to
the homeroom adviser, subject teacher,
or guidance counselor.
 The students must know the necessary
facts or information needed in reporting a
bullying incident so that proper and
immediate action can be taken by the
school authority.
Recommendations for
Action Plans in Schools
 Studies related to the effectiveness and/or
impact of bullying awareness program can
be conducted in the future.
 A case study of students identified as bullies or
victims can also be done to learn more about
the reasons for bullying and its effects to both
the bully and the victim.
 Afterwards, appropriate intervention
programs and counseling can be given to
them
THANK YOU and
WELCOME to
WESTMEAD!