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REPUBLIC ACT 1425

(RIZAL LAW)

Presented by: Yannel M. Villaber


August 13, 2019
At the end of this lesson, the learners
are expected to:

1. Explain the history of the Rizal


Law and its important provisions
2. Critically assess the effectiveness
of the Rizal course
Read pages 1-5.
Manebog, Jensen D. G.(2018). Life and
Works of Rizal. Mutya Publishing.
What is the
“reading material”
all about?
WHY IS THERE A NEED FOR A LAW THAT INCORPORATE S
COURSES ON THE LIFE, WORKS AND IDEAS OF JOSE RIZAL
IN THE CURRICULA OF ALL SCHOOLS, COLLEGES AND
UNIVERSITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES?

The lawmakers who favored the passage of a


law that would include courses on the life,
works and ideas of Jose Rizal firmly believed
the necessity of instilling a strong sense of
nationalism among the youth, especially in their
formative and decisive years.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 5


Facade of the Old Legislative Building (now the National Museum of the Philippine—Main)

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 6


6
Through the works of Rizal, especially his Noli
Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo—works that
are considered as ‘constant and inspiring
sources of nationalism’.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 7


The Famous Novels of Rizal

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 8


8
The Catholic hierarchy was the initial
sector to express its dissenting view on the
passage of a law that would make Rizal’s Noli
and El Fili as compulsory reading matters in all
schools, colleges and universities in the
Philippines.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 9


The Manila Cathedral
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 10
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1. In the “compulsory” teaching of the
unexpurgated versions of Rizal’s Noli and El
Fili, a teacher would have the tendency to
discuss—or worse, to criticize—certain
Church doctrines.
2. The inevitable criticism of Church doctrines
might lead to the jeopardy of the faith of
people.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 11


“Among the many illustrious Filipinos who have
distinguished themselves in the service of their
country, the highest place of honor belongs to Dr.
Rizal. And justly so, for Dr. Rizal possessed to an
eminent degree those virtues which together
make up true patriotism.”

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 12


“He [Rizal] loved his country not in words alone but
in deed. He devoted his time, his energies and
the resources of his brilliant mind to dispelling
[sic] the ignorance and apathy of his people, and
combating [sic] the injustices and inequalities
under which they labored. When his salutatory
activities fell under the suspicion of the colonial
government and he was condemned to death as
a rebel, he generously offered his blood for the
welfare of his country .”
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 13
The answer to the question led the
lawmakers, senators and congressmen alike,
and the members of the different sectors of the
society to engage in heated discussions. It
became an extremely controversial issue that it
resulted to the misunderstanding and quarrel
of those who were overwhelmed by their
emotions.
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 14
VERSUS

 Communists  Anti-Rizal
 Collaborators  Unnationalistic
(during the Japanese  Traitors to the
Occupation) Country
 Self-proclaimed
 Servants of the
patriots
Church, etc.
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 15
Senator Jose P. Laurel
presented S.B. No. 438 with
the title “An Act to Make Noli
Me Tangere and El
Filibusterismo Compulsory
Reading Matters in All Public
and Private Schools, Colleges
and Universities and for
Other Purposes”.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 16


“The hero’s [Rizal] greatness lies not only in his
intense patriotism, exemplary conduct and
behavior as a Filipino, the courage of his conviction
and the utter disregard of the dangers to his life
during those hectic days when he was preaching
the gospel truth of justice, Filipinism, not only in his
great acts but also in his great thoughts and ideas
which were expressed and spread over in
practically all pages of his novels.”
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 17
1. The greatness of Rizal, as well as his intense love for his
country and people, could only be fully appreciated by
the Filipinos if they would have adequate knowledge
about his sufferings and injustices.
2. His writings would open the minds of the Filipinos to the
ruthless effects of colonization.
3. By exposing the Filipino youth to the ideas of Rizal, they
would be able to learn how to live the Rizal way that is
characterized by strong love for country and strong
desire to build a great nation.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 18


4. The Filipino youth must consider as a sacred duty
to study the great dreams and aspirations of Rizal
for his country.
5. The teaching and reading of the novels of Rizal
should be made into a law so that, through their
knowledge and understanding of the hero’s
works, they would acquire a torch to guide them
when the country would experience another
period of peril or darkness.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 19


Sen. Francisco “Soc” Rodrigo opposed due to the use of
compulsion.
1. He claimed that the reading of the unexpurgated
versions of Rizal’s novels as against the conscience of
the Catholics.
2. He believed that nationalism and patriotism are
important and must be promoted, yet promoting them
should not be done at the risk of endangering the
harmony between the Church and the state.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 20


3. Sen. Rodrigo viewed the measures as unjust
and unwise because of the use of
compulsion that might put the Church in an
awkward situation since religious issues
have always been considered as “delicate
matters”.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 21


Sen. Decoroso Rosales also opposed due to the
use of compulsion.
1. He believed that approval of the bills would lead
to the closure of Catholic schools all throughout
the country.
2. He believed further that a political party might
inevitably be put up by the Catholics to show
their strong resentment to the law.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 22


Sen. Claro M. Recto averred that:
1. “Catholic schools would never close since they
are the sources of the Church’s income, as
well as its religious and political powers.
2. “If a political party would be set up, it would be
divided into two—the political party to be
headed by either Sen. Rodrigo or Sen. Rosales
and the party to be composed of Filipino
Catholics who do not only believe in God…
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 23
…and serve Him but
also possess a
strong love for their
country and believe
in serving her.”

Sen. Claro M. Recto


(Lawyer and Statesman)

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 24


Congressman Jacobo Gonzales of Laguna
proposed H.B. No.5561 which also bore the
title of S.B. No. 438.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 25


“The bill merely declares Dr. Jose P. Rizal’s Noli Me
Tangere and El Filibusterismo, in their original
edition or in their unexpurgated English and
national language versions compulsory reading
matters in all public and private schools,
colleges and universities. The bill selects the
writings of Dr. Rizal because he is the greatest
of our national heroes, the staunchest apostle of
nationalism, the greatest man the Malayan race
has ever produced and a universal genius and
hero of humanity… (see con’t in next page)
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 26
…We have chosen the Noli and the Fili for in their
pages we see our lives as before a mirror—our
defects as well as our strengths, our virtues as
well as our vices. Knowing these, our
consciousness as a people is stirred and we
learn to prepare ourselves for painful sacrifices
that ultimately lead to self-reliance, self-respect
and freedom. The Noli and El Fili mirror
Philippine life, true today as it was during the
time of Dr. Rizal, only the dates and names have
changed.”
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 27
Cong. Jesus Paredes (of Abra) expressed support
to the objectives of the bills, yet he opposed
the manner through which they would be
attained. He said “the bill [H.B. 5561] would
violate of [sic] Section 927 of the Revised
Administrative Code”.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 28


It [Section 927] prohibits teachers and other
persons engaged in any public school to
discuss or criticize the doctrines of any church,
religious act or denomination or shall attempt
to influence the pupils [or students] for or
against any church or religious sect.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 29


Cong. Titong Roces (of Manila) recounted that:
“The author of the bill [HB 5561] found it
necessary to make the reading of these novels
because during the last 350 years [sic] the
forces that have been working against
nationalism in the Philippines have always
used compulsion, and that we, Filipinos, in our
efforts to establish ourselves as a race and as
a people (see con’t in next page).
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 30
have always been the victim of compulsion.
And that in spite of the fact that we are
independent now, the inertia created by
centuries of compulsion against our efforts to
unite ourselves as a people is so strong that
perhaps, there is no other way of stopping the
same except by counter-compulsion.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 31


…It was the use of “compulsion” in the
attainment of the objectives of bills.

 Interesting to note, however , that nobody among those


who opposed the passage of the bills desecrated the
image of Jose Rizal—neither that there was one who said
that he did not deserve to be called as our national hero.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 32


 To resolve the issues, amendments of the bills
were respectively proposed in both houses of
Congress.
 The word “compulsory” was deleted and
replaced with the phrase “to include”.
 It met strict scrutiny from those who opposed
the original versions.
 It was favorably accepted by the lawmakers.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 33


The amended versions of S.B. 438 and H.B. 5561 were
entitled:

“An Act to Include in the Curricula of All Public and


Private Schools, Colleges and Universities Courses
on the Life, Works and Writings of Rizal Particularly
His Novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo,
Authorizing the Printing and Distribution Thereof,
and for Other Purposes”

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 34


As the author of the amended
version in the House of
Representatives, Cong.
Arturo Tolentino, appealed
to his colleagues with the
following statements:

“I appeal to the members of


this House, both those who
Cong. Arturo Tolentino spoke in favor of the…

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 35


…Gonzales bill as originally worded and those who
spoke against the bill to agree to reason, to give
something of their original contention, so that we
may meet in the middle ground, not for our own
sake, not for the pride of having won in the halls
of this Congress but for the sake of our people
who must remain united, for the leaders of the
people must not think of their own personal
victory or glory but of the unity of the people…

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 36


…whom they represent. There can be no true
nationalism when the people are divided. It is
incumbent upon the leaders of the people to
preserve unity among the people, for nationalism
flowers… in the hearts of the people…. I appeal to
you. Let us vote unanimously… as an example to
our people. I have every reason to believe that
the people listening to us all …

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 37


…over the country will unite as we do when we vote as
one in this bill. Let us not think of which side will win;
let us just think that with this bill, the Filipino
people will win because they will continue to
remain whole and cohesive. Within these walls,
this substitute bill represents the victory of
reason and wisdom; outside these halls, it means
the triumph of a united Filipino people.”

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 38


 Deleted – Penalty to be imposed for any public or
private school, college and university and the
head and teachers of the school found guilty of
violating, failing to comply with or circumventing
the provision of the law.
 Replaced with – Authorization for the
appropriation of the amount of P300,000.00 for
the printing and distribution of the copies of the
novels and other writings of Rizal in their English,
Tagalog and principal dialect translations.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 39


 Added –Nothing in the Act shall be “construed as
amending or repealing section nine hundred
twenty-seven of the Administrative Code”.
 Provided – The Board of National Education is
hereby authorized and directed to adopt
measures to implement and carry out the
provisions of Section 1 of the Act, including the
writing and printing of appropriate primers,
readers and textbooks.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 40


Eulogio “Amang” A. Rodriguez
(President of the Senate)
Jose P. Laurel, Jr.
(Speaker of the House of Representatives)
and
H.E. Ramon Magsaysay, Jr.
(President, Republic of the Philippines)
Approved on June 12, 1956
RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 41
Sen. Eulogio “Amang” Rodriguez President Ramon Magsaysay

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 42


1. In 1983, Jaime C. Laya, Minister of Education,
Culture and Sports, issued a memorandum which
required that the life, works and writings of Rizal
should no longer be taught as a separate subject
but as a component in history, literature,
philosophy and other allied subjects.

 This memorandum came with the emerging view that


nationalism, patriotism and democratic way of life can also
be fostered through the integration of these concepts in the
aforementioned subjects.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 43


2. In December 1988,during the First Rizal
Faculty Congress in Baguio City, shocking
revelations were made regarding the teaching
of Rizal course. It was learned that the Rizal
course was:
 not as important as other subjects for it merely
served as a “filler” to faculty members who lacked
subjects to teach;
 used to glorify Andres Bonifacio at the expense of
Rizal, hence cynicism and division were fostered.

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 44


What is Republic Act 1425 or Rizal Law?
- House Bill No. 5561
- Senate Bill No. 438.
- It is commonly known as the Rizal Act,
established on 12th of June 1956 by Senator Claro
M. Recto.
- It requires the curricula of private and public
schools, colleges and universities courses to
include, works and writings of Jose Rizal,
particularly his novels Noli Me Tangere and El
Filibusterismo.
- It was made effective on August 16, 1956.
Rizal Law (Republic Act No. 1425)
As stated in the preamble of RA 1425/Rizal Law;
“Whereas, today more than other period f or history, there is
a need for a re-dedication to the ideals of freedom and
nationalism for which our heroes lived and died.”

“Whereas, all educational institutions are under the


supervision of, and subject to regulation by the State, and
all schools are enjoined to develop moral character, personal
discipline, civic conscience, and to teach the duties of
citizenship.”
Rizal Law (Republic Act No. 1425)
- The law requires all schools, colleges, universities
,private or public to include in their curricula courses
on the life and works of Rizal. It also states that all
schools are required to have an adequate number of
copies of the copies of the original and
unexpurgated editions of El Filibusterismo and Noli
Me Tangere, as well as other works and biographies
of Rizal.
- The purpose of Batas Rizal is to rekindle the flame of
nationalism in the hearts of the Filipino, particularly
the youth. We are forgetting what our patriots have
done and given to fight for our freedom.
Criteria in Choosing the Philippine
National Hero
Filipinocitizen
Patriot/nationalist
Has already been dead
Patient

Source: National Historical Commission

11/11/2019
Personalities Nominated to be our
National Hero

Marcelo H. del Pilar


Emilio Jacinto
Graciano Lopez-Jaena
Antonio Luna

11/11/2019 Yannel M. Villaber


Issues about the Proclamation of Dr.Jose Rizal as
National Hero
1. He was the illegitimate son of Adolf Hitler
2. He should not be proclaimed as the national hero because
of his cowardice to fight the colonizers through
revolution.
3. He was regarded as an ―American-made hero‖.
(http://www.philippinestudies.net/files/journals/1/articles/29
92/submission/copyedit/2992-3219-1-CE.pdf)
 First Philippine Commission was formed by the
United States President headed by the American
Governor-General William Howard c. Taft.
 Declaration of Dr. Jose Rizal as our national hero was
only their strategy toYannel
11/11/2019 hinder
M. Villaberour nationalistic feelings.
Pair Activity

1. What were the circumstances that led to


the creation of the Republic Act No. 1425?
2. What is the main objective of RA 1425?
3. What clause/s of RA 1425 are still
applicable on this day and age?

RA 1425 (Rizal Law) 52


Rizal: Ang Tao sa Piso

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDy3QVH7Jtg&feature=youtu.be
Reflection

 What is the message of the short film?


 Which of the messages of the speakers had
an effect on you as a citizen of the
Philippines?
 What can you, students, do to help make the
Rizal class successful?
 What can your teacher do to help make the
Rizal class successful?
Review

What is RA 1425 and what does it have that


Filipinos should study?
 What do you think were the reasons tha
Catholic Church opposed intensely the Rizal
bill? Explain.
Short Quiz

Answer
 page 6-- Multiple Choice (1-10)

 Page 7- True or False (1-10)

Manebog, Jensen D. G.(2018). Life and


Works of Rizal. Mutya Publishing.
Short Quiz. Essay type
Answer In a minimum of three sentences in each
statement/question. 5 points each.
1. In your own words, explain the significance of
Rizal’s Law to the present time?
2. What do you think were the reasons the
Catholic Church opposed intensely the Rizal
bill?
3. What characteristics of Jose Rizal do you want
to acquire and possess? How can you help
your country by possessing these?
4. Suggest ways by which the subject Rizal can
be taught properly and interestingly.
References
 Fernandez, Erwin S. 2009. Rereading The First
Filipino: Interrogating León Ma. Guerrero’s Rizal.
Danyag: Journal of Humanities and Social
Sciences 14(1): 51–60.
 http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/1956/06/12/re
public-act-no-1425/
 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDy3QVH7Jtg
&feature=youtu.be
 Manebog, Jensen D. G.(2018). Life and Works
of Rizal. Mutya Publishing.
 Pascual, Mc Donald Domingo M., Department of
History, Polytechnic University of the Philippines