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UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST

COLLEGE OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES


SCHOOL OF HEALTH AND ALLIED SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT

HUMAN ECOLOGY
PHA 203

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GROUP 2 MEMBERS
DESIRE AMUZU BS/PAS/16/0017
SUSSANA OPPONG BS/PAS/16/0025
DORA ADDAI BS/PAS/16/0056
RICHMOND OTABIL AMISSAH BS/PAS/16/0012
GABRIEL FRIMPONG BS/PAS/16/0031
JOANITA EFUA WHYTE BS/PAS/16/0020
STELLA THOMPSON MARIA BS/PAS/16/0044
IGNATIUS NGMENKUMA BS/PAS/16/0055
BUREENAA FIDELIS BS/PAS/16/0051
SAMUEL KINGS ASARE BS/PAS/16/0027
OPOKU ALEX BS/PAS/16/0037

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OBJECTIVES
•DEFINITION OF RESTORATION OF HUMAN ECOLOGY

•IMPORTANCE OF THE RESTORATION OF HUMAN ECOLOGY

•WAYS OF RESTORATION OF HUMAN ECOLOGY

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RESTORATION OF HUMAN ECOLOGY
DEFINITION

It is the scientific study supporting the practice of ecological restoration, which is the
practice of renewing and bring back degraded, damaged, or destroyed ecosystems or
habitats in the environment by active human intervention and action.

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IMPORTANCE OF RESTORATION OF
HUMAN ECOLOGY
•To strengthen the planet’s ecosystem to sustain future generation

•To prevent habitat loss which is the leading cause of species extinction

•It helps nature to heal from the destructions caused by human activity

•The ultimate goal of restoration efforts is to enhance functioning of degraded ecosystem.

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DIFFERENT RESTORATIONAL
APPROACHES
•Rehabilitation – improving degraded habitat
•Reclamation – stabilization of the land or minimizing further degradation
•Recreation – an attempt to return to historic condition
•Replacement – may recreate a site which may not be historically accurate
•Enhancement – attempting to add to the degraded condition

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ECOLOGY RESTORATION
•ECOSPHERE
•HYDROSPHERE
•LITHOSPHERE
•ATMOSPHERE

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ECOSPHERE RESTORATION
•Abandoning farms
•Reducing livestock grazing
•Reducing non native species
•Reducing logging or deforestation

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Forest restoration
•Regeneration of niches
•Reforestation
•Direct seeding of native plants

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HYDROSPHERE RESTORATION
•Prevent water pollution from industries

•Chemical treatment to raise pH of water

•Growth of vegetation around lakes

•Increase in zooplankton population in order to


reduce algal population.

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Lithosphere restoration

•Restocking of the soil with


nutrient capital( soil organic matter or manure)

•Growing leguminous plants to restore the


habitats of some bacteria eg. nitrogen fixing bacteria.

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LITHOSPHERE RESTORATION
•Practicing good farming practices to restore soil
nutrients and prevent erosion.

•Refilling and reclamation of mining pits.

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Atmosphere restoration
Growing a lot of trees to absorb
carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Prevent the use of aerosols

Use hydro fluoro carbons(HFC) rather


than chlorofluorocarbons(CFC).

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RESTORATION OF CRITICAL HABITAT AND
ENDANGERED SPECIES
•Enhance suitable geographical features of the habitat
•Provide habitat elements
•Food
•Controlling invasive species
•Capture breeding and reestablishment
of fauna

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conclusion
•A functional ecosystem is regulated by nutrient recycling, primary productivity and energy flow
between trophic levels
•And restoration enhances the functioning of a depleted ecosystem.

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THANK YOU

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REFERENCES
• Epanchin-Niell, Rebecca; Englin, Jeffrey; Nalle, Darek (November 2009). "Investing in rangeland
restoration in the Arid West, USA: Countering the effects of an invasive weed on the long-term fire cycle".
Journal of Environmental Management. 91 (2): 370–379. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.09.004.
• • Török, Péter; Miglécz, Tamás; Valkó, Orsolya; Kelemen, András; Deák, Balázs; Lengyel, Szabolcs;
Tóthmérész, Béla (January 2012). "Recovery of native grass biodiversity by sowing on former croplands: Is
weed suppression a feasible goal for grassland restoration?". Journal for Nature Conservation. 20 (1): 41–
48. doi:10.1016/j.jnc.2011.07.006.
• • Brown, Ray; Amacher, Michael (1999). "Selecting Plant Species for Ecological Restoration: a Perspective
for Land Managers" (PDF). USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-8.
• • Wilson, Rob G.; Orloff, Steve B.; Lancaster, Donald L.; Kirby, Donald W.; Carlson, Harry L. (2010).
"Integrating Herbicide Use and Perennial Grass Revegetation to Suppress Weeds in Noncrop Areas".
Invasive Plant Science and Management. 3 (1): 81–92. ISSN 1939-7291. doi:10.1614/ipsm-09-008.1.
• • Kettenring, Karin M.; Adams, Carrie Reinhardt (2011-08-01). "Lessons learned from invasive plant
control experiments: a systematic review and meta-analysis". Journal of Applied Ecology. 48 (4): 970–979.
ISSN 1365-2664. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.01979.x

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