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ME 3401 : Mechanics of


Lecture 1

Dr. Mohammad Washim Dewan

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able:

 To develop the ability to analyze and understand the dynamic

(position, velocity, acceleration, force and torque) characteristics
of mechanisms such as linkages and cams.

 To develop the ability to systematically design and optimize

mechanisms to perform a specified task.

 To increase the ability of students to effectively present written,

oral, and graphical solutions to design problems.

 To increase the ability of students to work cooperatively on teams

in the development of mechanism designs.
Course Content
Part A: Dr. Mohammad Washim Dewan
Kinetics of machines: Displacement; Velocity and acceleration diagrams; Turing
moment; Inertia and kinetic energy of reciprocating parts and connecting rods;
Design of wheels.

Balancing : Static and dynamic balancing applied to rotating and reciprocating

parts; partial balance of locomotives; Opposed engines; Multi-cylinder inline
engines; V-engines; Radial engines; Concepts of direct and reverse cranks;
Balancing machines.

Cam: Study of cams and cam followers; Different types of follower motion; Cam
profiles to impart definite motion to followers; Cam with specified contours.

Power Transmission Elements: Power transmission by belts; ropes and

dynamometers. Geometry of gear tooth profiles-involute and cycloidal; Tooth
profiles in different types of gears. Study of gear trains-simple; Compound and
Course Content

Part B: (Dr. Khurshida Sharmin)

Governors: Governors:-spring and gravity control types, Inertia


Precision Motion: Precision and Gyroscopic acceleration;

Gyroscopic couples. Gyroscopic stabilization and directional control.

Vibration: Un-damped free vibrations of simple mechanical system

with one and two degrees of freedom; Longitudinal; Transverse and
torsional vibration. Damped free and steady state forced vibrations
with single degree of freedom. Whirling of shafts and rotors;
Vibration geared system; vibration absorption dissolution; Vibration
measuring instruments; introduction to automatic control.
Reference and Text Book

1. Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, J.J. Uicker, G.R.

Pennock, J.E. Shigley, 4th Edition, Oxford University
Press, New York, 2011 (Text Book-1)

2. Theory of Machines, R. S. Khurmi, J.K. Gupta

(Text Book-2)

3. The Theory of Machines, 3rd Edition, Thomas Bevan

4. Design of Machinery “An Introduction to the Synthesis

and Analysis of Mechanisms and Machines” 3rd Edition ,
R. L. Norton

The subject Theory of Machines may be defined as that

branch of Engineering-science, which deals with the study
of relative motion between the various parts of a machine,
and forces which act on them. The knowledge of this
subject is very essential for an engineer in designing the
various parts of a machine.
Sub-divisions of Theory of Machines

Kinematics: The study of motion without regard to forces.

More particularly, kinematics is the study of position,
displacement, rotation, speed, velocity, and acceleration.

Dynamics: Deals with the forces and their effects while

acting upon the machine parts in motion.

Kinetics: The study of inertia forces on systems in motion

which arise from the combined effect of the mass and
motion of the machine parts.

Statics: Deals with the forces and their effects while the
machine parts in rest.
Mechanism VS Machine

A mechanism: is a device that transforms motion to some

desirable pattern and typically develops very low forces
and transmits little power.

A machine: typically contains mechanisms that are

designed to provide significant forces and transmit
significant power.