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Basic of HEAT TREATMENT (from Phase Diagram)

• Physical Properties
(Melting Point, Corotion, , etc)
• Mechanical Properties
(Strength, Hardness, Toughness, etc)
• Engineering Properties
(Weld ability, Machine ability, Cast ability, etc)
Tensile Test

Test, for determine :

. ultimate tensile strength
. necking down
. unit yield strength
. elongation
. elastic modulus
Impact Test
The quantitative result of the impact
test—the energy needed to fracture a
material—can be used to measure the
toughness of the material and the yield
strength. Also, the strain rate may be
studied and analyzed for its effect on
The ductile-brittle transition temperature
(DBTT) may be derived from the
temperature where the energy needed to
fracture the material drastically changes.
However, in practice there is no sharp
transition and so it is difficult to obtain a
precise transition temperature. An exact
DBTT may be empirically derived in many
ways: a specific absorbed energy, change
in aspect of fracture (such as 50% of the
area is cleavage), etc.
Hardnnes Test

• What is Hardness?,
Hardness is the property of a material that
enables it to resist plastic deformation, usually
by penetration. However, the term hardness
may also refer to resistance to bending,
scratching, abrasion or cutting.
Impact Test
Rockwell Hardness Test
The Brinell Hardness Test

The Brinell hardness test method consists of indenting the test

material with a 10 mm diameter hardened steel or carbide ball
subjected to a load of 3000 kg. For softer materials the load can be
reduced to 1500 kg or 500 kg to avoid excessive indentation. The full
load is normally applied for 10 to 15 seconds in the case of iron and
steel and for at least 30 seconds in the case of other metals. The
diameter of the indentation left in the test material is measured with a
low powered microscope. The Brinell harness number is calculated by
dividing the load applied by the surface area of the indentation.
Vickers Hardness Test
The Vickers hardness test method
consists of indenting the test material
with a diamond indenter, in the form of
a right pyramid with a square base and
an angle of 136 degrees between
opposite faces subjected to a load of 1
to 100 kgf. The full load is normally
applied for 10 to 15 seconds. The two
diagonals of the indentation left in the
surface of the material after removal of
the load are measured using a
F= Load in kgf microscope and their average
d = Arithmetic mean of the two diagonals, calculated. The area of the sloping
d1 and d2 in mm surface of the indentation is calculated.
The Vickers hardness is the quotient
HV = Vickers hardness obtained by dividing the kgf load by the
square mm area of indentation.
Steel Spesification
(Base on Carbon)
• Low Carbon Steel ( <0,2%C)
• Medium Carbon Steel (0,2%C~ 0,5 %C)
• High Carbon Steel (0,5%C ~ 1,7%C)

(Base on Phase Diagram)

• Hypoeutektoid steel (<0,8%C)
• Hypereutektoid steel (0,8% ~ 1,7%)
Steel Spesification
(Base on Alloy)
• Carbon Steel (Fe and C, main alloy)
• Alloy Steel (Fe + C, and other Alloy)
( Stainlless Steel, … Fe+C, + Cr+V+W )

Alloy Steel :
1. Low Alloy Steel (Alloy max 10%)
2. High Alloy Steel (Alloy min 10%)