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- Projected visual aids are images shown upon

a screen by the use of a certain machine such


as a filmstrip projector, slide projector,
overhead projector, or TV or VCR. The still
pictures are neither magnified or diminished
and displayed on the screen for the
convenience and adaptability of all grade
levels for instruction. They are used for
magnification of images on a screen in dark or
semi-dark condition.
1. Energize the users to enjoy what they see;
2. Support learners to better comprehend the lessons on hand
3. Stir the learner’s senses to focus on the lesson;
4. Users remember better what are presented to them;
5. Teaching situation presents a wider scope;
6. Enforces attention and stimulates longer attention span;
7. Can adjust the sizes of objects applicable to the learners;
8. Elicits creativity and allows users to compare distant past and the
present into the classrooms;
9. Provides an easily reproduced record of an event; and
10. Impacts the learner’s life that may awaken them to build on
needed changes in attitudes/behaviors.
Saraspreet (2014) in his article, Projected Teaching
Aids, encapsulates the need and importance of projected
teaching aids as:
1. Projected teaching aids are stimulants of the students’
mind and physical attributes.
2. They are time saver.
3. They are sources of first-hand experience as learners
look at concrete things, work and experiment on living
specimen, handle apparatus and do actual
demonstrations.
4. They are contributors of concepts, information, facts,
and principles.
5. They are promoters of congenial atmosphere in class.
6. They are advocates of scientific thinking and attitudes
and natural ways of learning.
- An OHP makes vivid enlarge projections of
objects, charts, diagrams, pictures stories, original
drawings, and written compositions.

Advantages:
 stimulates attention
 arouses interest
 clarifies information
 helps students retain knowledge
 introduces topics/subject
 Reviews instructional problems
 Facilitates cooperative students-teacher
participation in problem solving
- When one makes a presentation using
PowerPoint, the presentation is made up of a
series of slides. A slide is a single page of a
presentation created with software such a
PowerPoint
Advantages :
 Attracts attention
 Arouses interest
 Assists in lesson development
 Tests students understandings
 Reviews instruction
 Facilitates students-teacher participation

Do Don’t
• Use a big enough font ( minimum • Make it so small that one can hardly
20 pt.) read it
• Keep the background simple • Use an elaborate background image
• Use animation when suitable • Overdo the animation for it gets
sidetracking
• Make things visual • use endless slides of bulleted lists that
all look identical
- It is a continuous strip of film composed of
individual frames or pictures arranged in
sequence with descriptive titles.
Advantages :
 It is not difficult to develop and convenient to
handle and carry.
 It does not consume much space and not difficult
to store.
 It helps in maintaining the logical sequence of
the lesson and pictures may be flashed on the
screen for a longer period of time.
 It is available both in black and white.
- It is an opto-mechanical device that allows
viewing of photographic slides. It has four key
elements: a fan-cooled electric incandescent
light bulb or other light source reflector,
“condensing” lens to direct the light to the
slide, slide holder, and focusing lens.
 Photographic slides: both black and white and
colored slides.
 Handmade slides: can be made with acetate sheet,
cellophane, etched glass, plain glass or lumarith
acetate
Advantages:
 Requires only filming, processing and mounting
 Results in colorful, realistic reproduction of original
subject
 Easy to revise and up-date
 Easily handled, stored, and re-arranged for various
uses
 Can be combined with tape narration
 May be adapted to group or individual use
- A video projector that utilizes tiny, bright
cathode ray tube to project images.

Advantages:
 Last for longer period of time; keep its
brightness up to 10,000 hours
 Can accurately project images up to 1920 x 12
with precise color reproduction
 Quick response time and hardly causes motion
blur when projecting video with really speedy
movements
 Hardly projects a rainbow effect
 Absoulte ANSI brightness may be achieved