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Tutorial 1- Oscillations

Brief Recap of Things We Know


Equation of motion of a Simple Harmonic Oscillator

d2 x
  2
x  0 𝒘𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒆𝝎𝟎 𝟐 = 𝒌/𝒎
dt 2 0

x  Acos(t   )

x  Position  Acos(t   )
.
x  v  Velocity   A sin(t   )
..
x  a  Acceleration   A cos(t   )
2
Brief Recap of Things We Know
1 2
Potential.Energy  kA cos2 (t   )
2
1
Kinetic.Energy  mA2 2 sin2 (t   )
2
1 2 1
Total.Energy  kA  mA  2 2

2 2
Convince yourself mathematically
that the following statement is true
Problem 1
A mass m hangs from a uniform spring of spring constant k.

(a) What is the period of oscillations in the system (To) ?

(b)What would be its new period of oscillations with respect to T0 if


the mass m is hung such that

(i) It is attached to two identical springs hanging side by side (T1)


and (ii) end to end (T2) as shown below
Problem 2

A B
Problem 3
Solution to Problem 3
Equating the volume in both arms, we get𝐴 =𝜋𝑟2

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