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Discussion Topics

Valued Sugarcane Farmers

• Sugarcane farmers issues


• Ways to influence farmers

Sempra

• Why Sempra
• How does it work
• Benefits of Sempra
Sugarcane Farmers

Characteristics

Issues
How to communicate farmers
• Greet & Respect
• Spend time in the field
• There are three kind of farmers
– Who check your knowledge
– Who will ask questions but not serious
– Who is genuine, he is looking for solutions
Communication with farmers
1. Open talk, understand key problem areas
– What bother them the most
– Improve yield
2. Talk about Demonstrations conducted , has he seen
?
3. Draw interest towards weed management and its
benefit
– Alternate to Labour is Herbicide
4. Engage farmers through knowledge, testimonial
5. Propose solutions…
– promote farmer to farmer learning – reference marketing
Farmers Issues

Irrigation Pest

Electricity Labour

Factory Farmers Weeds


payment Issues
Solution to farmers

Testimonials/
spokes person-
Harvest days
farmers
involvement

Connect with
Last year
SM officials /
results
Farmers
Improve
Yield
Cyperus the most dreadful weed
SEMPRA – A revolutionary solution

Selective,
Post-emergence,
Systemic
herbicide for the control
of Cyperus rotundus
Sempra offers

Farmers Trade You


Recognition
Solution of
Respect Dignity Financial / Non
Cyperus
Financial

Cheers to Sugar Recognition in


8th Miracle
Factory Market

i. Saving in next ten year


ii. Saving in labor cost
iii. Time value of money
iv. Cancerous to field
v. Damage to other crop taken in same field

23-11-2019 10
What is Sempra
• A research product of M/s Nissan Chemical Industry Ltd., Japan

World’s No 1 Sempra is Safe to


• Selective Sugarcane
Weedicide for
• Systemic
Motha • Post
(Cyperus rotundus) emergence *Approved by CIB
(Govt. of India)

• 1st Sugarcane herbicide after 20 year being introduced in


India by Dhanuka Agritech Ltd for Motha
Characteristics of Sempra
Strong Systemic Action
Sempra moves in both ways through Xylem and Phloem.

12
Mode of Action- Sempra

Systemic action 1-Excellent


translocation
activity,

2.Absorbed
3.Absorbed by nuts
through leaves and
and moves upward
moves downward
through xylem
through phloem.
Cont..
Sempra also kills 3-6 nuts of a plant
Sempra kills 3-6 nuts / nutlets of a plant and reduces Population / re-
germination of weeds.

Untreated Nuts Effect of Sempra on Cyperus nuts


Cont..
Safe to Crops

Sempra is safe to Sugarcane , if used as per recommendations.

Efficacy at Low Dose

Sempra provides outstanding control of Cyperus rotundus at


90g/ha. It also offers soil residual activity and controls late emerging
weeds.
Cont..
Due to strong soil
Strong Soil residual action of Sempra
Residual Action 75 WG, it controls new
germinating Cyperus
rotundus

Sempra 75 WG is non-
carcinogenic & non
Safe to Human mutagenic and no impact
and Animals on reproduction and
development .
LD50 > 5000
How SEMPRA Works………?
 Sempra 75%WG inhibits Acetolactate synthase (ALS) which is the 1st enzyme in the biosynthetic
pathway of the essential branched chain amino acid (Valine, Leucine & Isoleucine).

 Inhibition of ALS leads to the starvation of the plant (Cyperus rotundus) for these amino acid ,
resulting in death (Killing) of Cyperus rotundus.
Time of application & Dose
3-6 leaf stage of Cyperus rotundus
OR
Any stage of sugarcane

3 Leaf stage 6 Leaf stage Flowering stage

Dose: Sempra @36 g/ acre + Boosten @ 300 g/ acre


and use minimum of 150 ltr. water/acre
SEMPRA application in Sugarcane Ratoon
Crop harvesting

Trash burning

1st Irrigation

Intercultural operations

2nd Irrigation

3nd Irrigation

Sempra application in good soil moisture at 3-6 leaf Stage of


Cyprus rotundus.
Precautions -Ratoon
Sempra 75 WG + Boosten 50 WP should be applied after 2-4
days of 3rd irrigation in Ratoon Sugarcane.

• During Sempra 75 WG + Boosten 50 WP application, good


soil moisture must be ensured.
• Farmers must be advised to provide scheduled irrigation.
• Farmers may do intercultural operations after 10-15 days of
Sempra application
How Sempra kills Cyperus rotundus
Sempra blocks nutrient uptake by Cyperus rotundus within 24 hrs
of application.

5-7 days 8-14 days 15-30 days

Chlorosis Necrosis Complete Death


Why Sempra + Boosten……..?

In most of the fields,


all types of weeds,
narrow, broad &
sedges are present.
Why Sempra + Boosten……..?
After Sempra application,
Cyperus rotundus will be
controlled, but other weeds
will proliferate.
NO SATISFACTION OF
FARMERS

For control of Cyperus


rotundus and other weeds,
Sempra @ 36 g + Boosten
@ 300 g/ acre
Why Sempra does not kill Sugarcane ?

Sugarcane plants have


strong MFO (Mixed
Function Oxidases)
which breaks down the
Herbicide molecule to
metabolic forms.

Sugarcane Killing Cyperus rotundus


Benefits of Sempra
Saving in Manual Labour
• Savings in manual labor cost

Nutrient Uptake Checked


• Sempra checks nutrient uptake by Cyperus rotundus
within 24 hour of application

Kill 3-6 Nuts


• Sempra kills upto 3-6 nuts/ nutlets of Cyperus
rotundus thus ensuring reduction in Cyperus
rotundus population
Benefits of Sempra

Reduced Weeding Expense


• Freedom from repeated manual weeding /
weedicide applications

Increased Yield
• More yield hence more profit
SOME WEEDS NOT CONTROLLED BY
SEMPRA + BOOSTEN

Crab Grass (Digitaria sp.


Doob Ghas (Cynodon dactylon)

Jangli Jute (Corcorus sp)

Makra (Dactyloctenium sp.) Bel (Ipomea sp.


How to prepare Sempra Stock solution

1- Sempra
Fill Fill Sempra bucket till
Bucket till
lower
Lower mark
mark with clean
with clean
water water

Add 36g Sempra & 300g


2- Add 36g Sempra &
Boosten
300g Boosten

3- Now fill the bucket till


upper mark with clean
water and stir well
How to prepare Sempra Spray solution

5- Add one measuring cup


4- Fill Knapsack sprayer till
(i.e. 300ml) stock solution
half with clean water
to sprayer
How to prepare Sempra Spray solution

6-Fill Knapsack sprayer with 7- Fit the flat fan nozzle


15 L clean water given with Sempra pack
and spray evenly
Research & Tested By:

Regional Tamil Nadu Narendra Deva


Vasantdada Agricultural
U.P. Council of Research Agricultural University of
Sugar Institute Research
Sugarcane Station -CCS University Agriculture
Station
Research Haryana and
(University of
Agricultural Technology
Agricultural
University Kumarganj,
Shahjahanpur Sciences,
Pune Hisar Dharwad) Coimbatore, Faizabad,
Maharashtra U.P.
Haryana Karnataka Tamil Nadu U.P.

Recommendation By -
UPCSR – Shajahanpur
ICAR Sugarcane breeding Institute- Coimbatore
CCS Haryana ( RRS -Uchani)
Precautions

• Ensure sufficient
soil moisture at
the time of
spraying.

• Avoid drift of
spray on the
neighboring crops.
Cont..
• Do not use Sempra
if Sugarcane crop
is inter-cropped/
mixed-cropped
with other crops.

• After spraying,
wash the spray
pump with
detergent and water
(at least twice)
before using the
same pump for
other crops.
Cont..
• Ensure proper
coverage & avoid
repeat spray at one
place.

• Do not shake hand


while spraying.

• Always use flood


jet nozzle for
spraying.

Flood jet nozzle


Farmers Testimonials
Thank You

Untreated SEMPRA

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