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RELATION AND

FUNCTION
by Readan A. Calderon
The learner demonstrates
key concepts of linear
Content inequalities in two
Standards variables, systems of linear
inequalities in two variables
and linear functions.
The learner is able to
formulate and solve
accurately real-life problems
Performance involving linear inequalities in
Standards two variables, systems of
linear inequalities in two
variables, and linear
functions.
At the end of the lesson, the
students will be able to:
Define Relation and function
Illustrate Relation and
Objectives
function
Compare relation and
function in figures and real life
situation
RELATION AND
FUNCTION
by Readan A. Calderon
What was our
Review topic last
meeting?
What can you
say about the
picture?

What kind of
relationship do
they have?
What can you
say about the
picture?

What kind of
relationship do
they have?
What can you
say about the
picture?

What kind of
relationship do
they have?
What picture is
good and what
is bad?
A relation involves the association of an
individual or object with another
individual or object.
Relations exist between mother and
child, husband and wife, teacher and
Relation students, or among animals and their
young.
The concept of relation involves pairing
and the manner or action by which the
elements and its symbols, etc.
A relation is any set of one or
more ordered pairs.

Definition of An Ordered pair consists of two


Relation components, the arrangement of
which affects the essence of a
relation.
{(5, -6), (-3, 4), (2, 1), (5, 6), (-2,1)}

 The DOMAIN is the set of x-coordinates


(abscissas) of the ordered pairs.
Ex. { 5, -3, 2, 5, -2}
Example 1
 The RANGE is the set of y-ccordinates
(ordinates) of the ordered pairs.
 Ex. {-6, 4, 1, 6, 1}
Using the elements of set
A= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}, construct
the set of ordered pairs F
Example 2 that describes the relation
“The abscissa is one
greater than the ordinate.”
Solution: {(2, 1), (3,
Example 2 2), (4, 3), (5, 4)}
Example 3: Display the
relation {(2,1), (-1,3),
Representing
A Relation (0,4), (0,1)} as a table,
mapping, set
notation and graph.
Example 3:
Display the
relation {(2,1), (-
1,3), (0,4), (0,1)}
as a table,
mapping, set
notation and
graph.
Example 3:
Display the
relation {(2,1),
(-1,3), (0,4),
(0,1)} as a
table,
mapping, set
notation and
graph.
Example 3:
Display the
relation {(2,1),
(-1,3), (0,4),
(0,1)} as a
table,
mapping, set
notation and
graph.
Example 3:
Display the
relation {(2,1),
4) set notation- ordered pairs
(-1,3), (0,4),
(0,1)} as a
table, {(2,1), (-1,3), (0,4), (0,1)}
mapping, set
notation and
graph.
Mastery Check
What are the different ways
to represent a Relation?
For every
Inverse of a ordered pair
relation
(x,y) there
must be a (y,x)
Activity Write the relation and the inverse

-1 -6

3 -4
2
4
Relation=
{(-1,-6), (3,-4), (3,2), (4,2)}
Inverse =
{(-6, -1), (-4,3), (2,3), (2,4)}
Types of
Relation
A function may be described as a
special type of relation wherein
no two ordered pairs have the
same abscissa.
In function all x values must be
Function different (no reapting)
It doesn’t matter if y values
repeat
It can be a One-to-one Relation
and Many-to-one Relation
Determine whether each
relation is a function or not.

Example 4 F = {(1,1), (2,8), (3,27), (4,64)}


G= {(3,2), (0,1), (0,-1), (3,-2)}
H = {(2,4), (3,9), (4,9), (0,0)}
Solution:
Function
Not a Function
Function

If every vertical line
intersects the graph of a
Vertical Line relation in no more than
Test
ONE point, then the
relation represents a
function.
Vertical Line
Test
How will you know if the
given set is a function or
not?
Mastery Check
What are th clue terms that
best describes function?
What is a
Quick Wrap up relation?
What is a function?
Quick Wrap up
What are the Four
graphical
representation of a
Quick Wrap up
relation or
function?
What are the
domain and the
range of a function
or relation?
How do you know a
function?
Describe a vertical line
test.
How do you differentiate a set
of ordered pair as a mere
relation or a function?
Given some real-life relationships, identify
those which are functions and those
which are mere relations.
Example
Activity The rule which assigns to each person and
Group his/her nicknames.
Yourselves by Solution
three {(Chona, Chuning), (Dora, Doring), (Rudy,
Noy-noy), (Kris, Kring)}
- Function
Given some real-life relationships,
identify those which are functions and
those which are mere relations.

The rule which assigns to each person


Activity the name of his or her uncle
The rule which assigns a chemical
element to its chemical symbol
The rule which assigns to each cellular
phone units its carrier
Get ¼ piece of paper (answer only)

I. Tell whether if the given is a FUNCTION or a mere RELATION.


1. {(2,3), (5,3), (3,5), (4,2)} 7. {(-1,4), (0,5), (1,4), (2,3)}
2. {(2,4), (0,2), (-5,6), (2,3), (-1,0)} 8. {(-3,-1), (-1,-3), (0,5), (2,1)}
3. {(4,-4), (5,0), (1,4), (-5,1)} 9.
4.
Evaluation

10.
5. (0,2), (1,6), (1,5), (9,12), (10,11)
6. (1,2), (2,3), (3,4), (4,5), (7,7)
1.Function
2.Relation
3. Function
4. Relation
5. Function
Answer 6. Function
7. Relation
8. Function
9. Function
10. Function