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 Network security is a complicated subject,

historically only tackled by well-trained and
experienced experts. However, as more and more
people become “wired”, an increasing number of
people need to understand the basics of security in a
networked world.

 The most basic but often overlooked element of

network security involves keeping hardware
protected from theft or physical intrusion.
 Corporations spend large sums of money to lock
their network servers, network switches and other
core network components in well-guarded facilities.
 While these measures aren't practical for
homeowners, households should still keep
their broadband routers in private locations, away
from nosy neighbors and house guests.

 If applied properly, passwords are an extremely effective system for

improving network security. Unfortunately, some don't take
password management seriously and insist on using bad, weak (i.e.
easy to guess) passwords like “123456” on their systems and
 Following just a few common-sense best practices in password
management greatly improves the security protection on a
computer network:
Set strong passwords, or passcodes, on all devices that join the
Change the default administrator password of network routers
Do not share passwords with others more often than necessary;
set up guest network access for friends and visitors, if possible
Change passwords when they may have become too widely known

 Even without physical access to the devices or

knowing any network passwords, illicit programs
called spyware can infect computers and networks.
This is typically perpetuated by
visiting malicious websites. Some monitor a
person’s computer usage and web browsing habits
to report the data back to corporations who use it
to create more targeted advertising. Other kinds of
spyware attempt to steal personal data.

 Personal stalkers, identity thieves, and perhaps even

government agencies, monitor people’s online habits and
movements well beyond the scope of basic spyware.
 Wi-Fi hotspot usage from commuter trains and
automobiles reveal a person’s location, for example. Even
in the virtual world, much about a person’s identity can
be tracked online through the IP addresses of their
networks and their social network activities.
 Techniques to protect a person’s privacy online
include anonymous web proxy servers and VPN services.
Though maintaining complete privacy online is not fully
achievable through today’s technologies, those methods
do protect privacy to a certain degree.

 Network Security helps in protecting personal data of

clients existing on network.
 Network Security facilitates protection of information
that is shared between computers on the network.
 Hacking attempts or virus / spyware attacks from the
internet will not be able to harm physical computers.
External possible attacks are prevented.
 Private networks can be provided protection from
external attacks by closing them off from internet.
Network Security makes them safe from virus attacks,