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Repertoire

• Introduction
• Concepts
• Keys
• Algorithm
• Main Controlling Parameters
• Special Adjustments
• Example
• Default and Recommended Values
Introduction

Dynamic BTS Power Control feature is a


technique of controlling BTS output power while
maintaining the desired signal strength and
quality. It aims at improving the overall C/I, BTS
Battery Backup Consumption and Avoiding the
MS Receiver Saturation.
Concepts … (1)
• Measurement Report: Message consisting of
measurements done by the MS, which is sent
from the MS to the BTS over Um Interface.
• Measurement Result: Message consisting of
the Measurement Report and measurements
done by the BTS, which is sent from the BTS to
the BSC over Ater Interface
• Bad quality as well as low signal strength will
increase the output power of the BTS_ crux.
Concepts … (2)

Connection
would lost
HERE if no
Power Control
applied

No Power Control Power Controlled


Keys
• Power Control feature works on per time slot basis.
• Low path loss, Lowest possible power level.
• Bad signal quality, Highest power level.
• The resolution in output power is in steps of 2 dB and the maximum
configurative change is 30 dB __ 15 steps.
• There is no Power Control on BCCH timeslot(s).
• Full set or subset measurements are used based on DTX feature.
• On SDCCHs, full set measurements are always used.
• RxQual is mapped linearly to QDESDL, corresponding to specific C/I.
• HO command is sent on maximum configurative power.
• GPRS Power Control is not supported.
• The parameters QCOMPDL and LCOMPDL decide about the angles of
plane towards the two dimensional plane (quality vs signal strength).
Algorithm
The algorithm is a multi-step process of getting
POWER ORDER, can be briefed into 3 stages.

Preparation
Power Order
Of Data Filtering
Calculations
Input Data
Preparation Of Input Data
In first stage, Input Data, the measurement result, tells about
use of DTX and measurement report of MS, is used as input
data.
TCH Signal strength is compensated for if BCCH were in
hoppers and power control.

Quality, RxQual, is also mapped to QDESDL, which is but 10


times the rxqual. QDESDL is used as input to linear
interpolation to estimate C/I. RxQual is also mapped to C/I on
non-linear scale. QDESDL expressed in C/I is called QDESDL_dB
Filtering Of Measurements
• The filtering for both signal strength and quality is done with
exponential non-linear filters.

• ‘a’ and ‘b’ are coefficient of filter (can be thought as %age


contribution) adjusted according to Appendix A(Ref: UD) and
filter length ‘L’. See Addendum A at the end.
Calculation Of Power Order
The calculation of the power order is made in three steps:
1. The two basic power orders are calculated.
2. Certain constraints are applied.
3. The output data is finally converted to power order units
(PL) before it is transmitted to the BTS as a power order.
Calculation Of Power Order…(1)
Two Basic Power Orders are calculated as:

Whichever is Higher, is selected. For Alpha Beta scalars, view


Addendum B. The resulting Power Order is called
unconstrained Power Order, ‘pu’.
Calculation Of Power Order…(2)
The Power Order so calculated is adjusted for Maximum and Minimum
Output Powers of BTS.
The new power order ‘pu’ has to be converted from the internal dBm scale
to ‘Plused’ representation before it can be transmitted to the BTS.

The constrained power order is QUANTIZED in steps of 2 dB.


Thus the output BTS Power is regulated as:

Therefore, “output power level used by the BTS (TRU) at SACCH


period k, is given by ‘Plused’ as a NUMBER of 2 dB steps
DOWNWORD from the CONFIGURED OUTPUT POWER”.
Main Controlling Parameters
• SSDESDL defines the target value for the desired signal strength
measured by the receiver in the MS at the outer rim of the
regulation area. The parameter is set per subcell.
• QDESDL defines the target value for the desired quality level
measured by the receiver in the MS. It is measured in rxqual units
and transformed into dB units before is used in the algorithm. The
parameter is set per subcell.
• LCOMPDL is the parameter that determines how much of the path
loss that shall be compensated for in the algorithm that regulates
towards quality. The parameter is set per subcell.
• QCOMPDL is the parameter that determines the weight of the
quality compensation. This parameter ranges between 0 and 100
and is set per subcell.
Special Adjustment Parameters
• REGINTDL defines the regulation interval. The parameter is set per subcell.
• SSLENDL defines the length of the signal strength filter. The parameter is set per
subcell.
• QLENDL defines the length of the quality filter. The parameter is set per subcell.
• SDCCHREG is a switch for the regulation of SDCCH channels. The switch is set per
subcell.
• BSPWRMIN defines the minimum allowed output power for the BTS on the non-
BCCH frequencies. The parameter is set per subcell.
• BSTXPWR defines the maximum allowed power level for BTSs in the current
subcell.
• UPDWNRATIO is the ratio between the up- and down regulation speed.
• STEPLIMDL is a switch that makes it possible to limit the down regulation to 2 dB
per SACCH period.
Example
• Default Regulation
Example …(2)
• Progression due to Quality at RxLev -47dBm:
Example …(3)
• Progression due to Rxlev at Rxqual 0:
Default and Recommended Values
Addendum A
• Calculate Length ‘L’ of Signal Strength filter:

• Go to Appendix A, against this value of ‘L’, map the value of ‘a’ and find the
value of ‘b’ similarly.
• Calculate Length ‘L’ of Quality filter:

• Repeat the above procedure for knowing ‘a’ and ‘b’.