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Writing a position

paper
Prepared by:
MILANI G. NECESITO
Let’s warm up
 Directions:
 Group into six groups. Assign a group leader.
 Each of the questions below will be assigned to two groups.
 Should girls ask guys out?
 Is fashion important?
 Does age matter in relationships?
 The leaders will pick the group’s stand by engaging in a Game of
Rock, Paper, and Scissors. The winner gets to choose their group’s
stand.
 Once your group knows your stand on the issue, think of three valid
arguments to defend it.
 Present your arguments through a creative role play presentation. Each
group will be given 5 minutes to present.
Let’s learn
In everyday life, people continuously take
sides and form opinions on anything that
involves them. However, defending your
point by simply saying, “Because I think so”
won’t help you make a case. It is therefore
important that you learn how to properly
outline your thoughts and make valid
arguments.
What is a position paper?
A position paper presents the writer’s stand or viewpoint on a
particular issue. Writing a position paper entails outlining
arguments and proposing the course of action; by doing so,
you are already taking part in a larger debate.

Aside from this, you also have the power to change the
opinions and attitudes of others when you write a position
paper. Because of this, a position paper can be an essential
tool in bringing about societal change. For example, if you do
not agree with a certain issue or rule, you can write a position
paper to reflect your point of view.
Parts of a position paper
1. Introduction
 Start with an introduction which presents the issue while grabbing the attention of
readers.
 Define the issue and discuss its background.
 Provide a general statement of your position via your thesis statement.
2. Body
 State your main arguments.
 Provide sufficient evidence for each argument such as statistical data, interviews
with experts, and testimonies.
 Provide counterarguments against the possible weaknesses of your arguments.
3.Conclusion
 Restate your position and main arguments.
 Suggest a course of action.
 State what makes your position superior and more acceptable.
 End with a powerful closing statement such as a quotation, a challenge, or a
question.
Guidelines in writing a
position paper
1. Choose an issue. When choosing one, keep the following guidelines in mind.
 The issue should be debatable- you won’t be able to take a stand. If the topic is not
debatable.
 The issue should be current and relevant.
 The issue should be written in a question form and answerable by yes or no.
 The issue should be narrow and manageable.
2.Begin the writing process by conducting an in-depth research on the issue.
3. Make sure to define unfamiliar terms when you first mention them.
4.Be aware of the various positions about the issue and explain and analyze them
objectively.
5.Reflect on your position and identify its weaknesses.
6.Cite valid and reliable sources to establish the credibility of your arguments.
7.View the issue in a different perspective so you can present a unique approach.
8.Limit your position paper to two pages.
9.Analyze your target readers and align your arguments to their beliefs, needs, interests,
and motivations.
10.Summarize the other side’s counterarguments and use various evidence and data
to refute them.
11.Use an active voice as much as possible to achieve a dynamic and firm tone.
12.Arrange your evidence logically using an inductive or deductive approach.
a. In an inductive approach, you discuss specific information first, and then look for
patterns to create a general conclusions. In essence, an inductive approach entails a
flow from specific to general ideas.
b. In a deductive approach, you take something general and then branch out and
think of specific things that could apply to it. Basically, this is type of reasoning where
the flow of discussion starts with a general theory and moves to a specific hypothesis.
13.Check your argument for fallacies and eliminate them. Fallacies, or errors in
reasoning, weaken your argument.
14.Use ethical, logical, and emotional appeal. An ethical appeal relates to your
credibility and competence as a writer; a logical appeal refers to a rational approach
in developing an argument; while an emotional appeal uses arguments in a way that
evokes feelings.
Directions: Write G if the practice is a good one; write W if not.
1.Pat considers all possible views on the issue at hand.
2.Alex says that the issue is a crucial component of a position paper.
3.Brenda thinks that an issue is debatable if it cannot be answered by yes or
no.
4.Pete conducts an audience analysis to help him write a more persuasive
position paper.
5.Kate boasts about her credentials to establish her credibility as a writer.
6.Kack primarily uses opinions in supporting his arguments.
7.Nicki uses statistical data in supporting her arguments.
8.Brandon believes that the main goal of a position paper is to inform readers.
9.James uses emotional appeal in all of his position papers because it is the
best type of appeal.
10.Matt restates his position in the concluding paragraph.
Group activities

 Form 3 groups and read the scenarios from the given


group activities. Pick one and write a position paper
based on the scenario you chose.
Group I
Group II
Group III
E-link

 Hone your skills in writing a position paper by checking


the following websites.
Lesson Quiz
http://study.com/academy/practice/quiz-worksheet-
position-statements.html
Quiz on Differentiating Report Types
http://tutorials.istudy.psu.edu/writtenreports/writtenreports3.
html
Journal:

Reflect on the following that you gained after


taking up this lesson by completing the given
chart.

What were your misconceptions about the topic


prior to taking up this lesson?
What new or additional learning have you had
after taking up this lesson in terms of skills, content,
and attitude?