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(Intermediate Accounting 2)

LECTURE AID

2018

ZEUS VERNON B. MILLAN


Chapter 24 Notes Payable

Learning Competencies

• State the initial and subsequent


measurement of notes and loans payable.
• Apply present value factors properly.
• Prepare amortization tables.
• Explain the accounting for origination fees
on loans payable.

INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by:


MILLAN)
Notes payable

• Notes payable are obligations supported by


debtor promissory notes.
• The accounting for notes payable is similar to the
accounting for notes receivable.

INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by:


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Initial measurement of financial liabilities
• Financial liabilities are initially recognized at fair value minus
transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance,
except for financial liabilities at FVPL whose transaction costs are
expensed immediately.
• Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid
to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market
participants at the measurement date.
• Transaction costs are incremental costs that are directly attributable
to the issue of a financial liability. An incremental cost is one that
would not have been incurred if the entity had not issued the
financial instrument.
INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by:
MILLAN)
• Short-term notes payable are initially measured either at
face amount or present value.
• Long-term notes payable with reasonable interest rate are
initially recognized at face amount.
• Long-term noninterest-bearing notes payable and Long-term
notes payable with unreasonable interest rate are initially
measured at present value.
• If the cash price equivalent of the noncash consideration
received in exchange for the note is available, the note payable
is initially measured at this amount.

INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by:


MILLAN)
Stated interest rate vs. Effective interest rate

• Stated interest rate (nominal rate, coupon rate, or face


rate) is the rate appearing on the face of an interest-
bearing note.
• Effective interest rate (imputed rate of interest, current
market rate or yield rate) is the rate used in present
value computations.

INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by:


MILLAN)
Loan payable

• Origination fees are deducted from the carrying


amount of the loan and subsequently amortized using
the effective interest method.
• Origination fees are included in the calculation of the
effective interest rate over the expected term of the
loan payable, meaning, on transaction date, the
origination fees are treated as adjustment to the
effective interest rate.

INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by:


MILLAN)
APPLICATION OF
CONCEPTS
PROBLEM 2: FOR CLASSROOM DISCUSSION

INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by: MILLAN)


 QUESTIONS????
 REACTIONS!!!!!

INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by: MILLAN)


END
INTERMEDIATE ACCTG 2 (by: MILLAN)