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By

Nishant Dubey
CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION
WORKING PRINCIPLE OF C.B
TYPES OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS
SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKER
INTRODUCTION
A circuit breaker is an equipment designed to
protect an electrical apparatus from damage
caused by overload or short circuit.
Unlike a fuse, a circuit breaker can be reset
(either manually or automatically) to resume
normal operation.
WORKING PRINCIPLE OF CIRCUIT BREAKER
 The basic circuit breaker consists of a simple switch,
connected to either a bimetallic strip or an
electromagnet.
 The electricity magnetizes the electromagnet When
the current jumps to unsafe levels, the electromagnet
is strong enough to pull down a metal lever connected
to the switch linkage.
 The entire linkage shifts, tilting the moving contact
away from the stationary contact to break the circuit.
The electricity shuts off.
TYPES OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS

OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS


AIR CIRCUIT BREAKERS
VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKERS
SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKERS
SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKER
SF6 has excellent insulating strength
When a free electron collides neutral gas
molecule a negative ion is formed and the
electron is absorbed by neutral gas molecule
-
SF6 + e SF6
Negative ions formed are relatively higher
compared to free electrons
FEATURES OF SF6
SF6 possess high dielectric strength
SF6 has property of fast recombination after
source energizing spark is removed.
SF6 has excellent heat transfer properties
because its high molecular weight together
with its low gaseous viscosity enabling it to
transfer heat by convection.
CONSTRUCTION OF SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKER

SF6 circuit breaker consists of


Interrupter unit

Gas system
INTERRUPTER UNIT
Consists of fixed contacts with set of current
carrying fingers and an arcing probe.
Fingers make contact with the moving contact
when the breaker is in close position.
The contacts are surrounded by interrupting
nozzles and a blast shield
The moving contact is in the form of hollow
nozzle sliding in a second set of spring loaded
fingers.
As soon as the moving contact is with drawn
from the fixed finger contacts an arc is drawn
between the moving nozzle and the arcing
probe.
As the contacts move further apart, the arc is
extended and attenuated and finally
extinguished by the gas flow from high
pressure to low pressure.
GAS SYSTEM
Perfect sealing to prevent leakage of gas as it
is maintained at high pressure.
Low and high pressure system are fitted with
low pressure alarms which gives warning the
moment gas pressure drops below certain
value.
If danger limit is reached the safety devices
immobilize the breaker.
ADVANTAGES OF SF6 C.B.
Current chopping is minimized at low pressure
and low velocity.
Eliminates moisture problem.
Gives noiseless operation.
No carbon particle is formed during arcing.
Atmospheric conditions does not affect Circuit
breaker performance.