Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 24

A PROSPECTIVE BY:-

ANUSHI AGGARWAL
501604103
MBA 3
ANUSHI
Blindness is the condition of lacking visual
perception due to physiological or neurological
factors
Total blindness is the complete lack of form and visual light
perception and is clinically recorded as N.L.P (no light
perception)
Legal blindness is defined as visual acuity of 20/200(6/60) or
less in to better eye with the BEST CORRECTION
POSSIBLE

ANUSHI
•Glaucoma damages the eye's optic nerve
and is a leading cause of blindness. It
usually happens when the fluid pressure
inside the eyes slowly rises, damaging the
optic nerve.
•Macular degeneration, often called age-
related macular degeneration (AMD), is a
leading cause of vision loss in Americans
60 and older.
•Diabetic retinopathy is caused by
diabetes. It affects the retina, the light-
sensitive tissue at the back of the eye, and
causes the most blindness in U.S. adults. It
affects the vision of more than half of the
18 million people diagnosed with diabetes
age 18 or older. ANUSHI
ANUSHI
•The WHO estimates that in 2002 there were 161 million
visually impaired people in the world and out of this 37 million
were blind

•In 1987 .. it was estimated that 598000 people in united states


met the legal definition of blindness in 1994-95 the number
peaked to 1.3 million

ANUSHI
 Gene Therapy –
Gene therapy involves the insertion of genes into an
individual’s cells and tissues to treat diseases, particularly
hereditary diseases. This therapy sets out to transform
either somatic cells (most cells in the body) or germline
cells (such as sperm, ova, and stem cell precursors).
 Retinal Implants and Transplants—
A retinal implant is something similar to a cochlear
implant used to help people with hearing loss. The
Boston Project describes what its implant does this way.

ANUSHI
 The gene alteration is still a developing field
moreover it is really difficult to find competent
doctors to do such a job.
 The operations involved are not only very risky
but also very expensive.
 Sadly this technology is not available in INDIA
 Various implants and transplants are subjected
to the matching of various fields and is still not
100% effective . Faulty transplantation may
prove fatal.

ANUSHI
 CYBER-EYES is basically a device which helps
the visually impaired to match the perfect
substitute of vision i.e. BY AUDIO
 CYBER-EYES works on the principal of
AUDITORY VISION SUBSTITUTION i.e. it aims
to use the sense of hearing to convey visual
information to the blind .
 Cyber-eyes consists of four basic items :

ANUSHI
 CAMERA

 STICK

EAR-PIECE

 PROCESSING-UNIT

ANUSHI
The cyber “eye” of the design .
The camera will be providing
visual inputs to the central
processing unit the camera will
be well equipped with infra-red
and night vision technology to
ensure perfect input .
The camera also needs to be
dual facing i.e. cameras both in
front and in the rear.
ANUSHI
The indispensible device that a visually impaired
uses to collect the input of the surroundings . We
put some “minor” changes.

ANUSHI
ANUSHI
SOUND : The sound input of the surroundings is collected by
the two flat high quality mikes placed on the two side
surfaces of the stick

VISUAL : The visual input would be provided by the small


camera placed near the ground-end of the stick. The
previous picture demonstrates the cam which is integrated
to detect the images and to react at the vulnerable objects
such as a red light at the pedestrian crossing in the form of
vibrations.

ANUSHI
The earpiece would convey the information as
provided by the processing unit in the form of
voice signals. The earpiece needs to be highly
noise cancelling and of universal size.

ANUSHI
The beating heart of the device. This is where
the MICROSOFT CORPORATION comes into picture.
The processing unit is basically a device which scans all
the images provided by all the three cameras and co-
operate them with the sound input provided by the stick
and code it into voice signals. The signals are then
conveyed to the person equipped with the earpiece. All
the three information can be used to stimulate a virtual
world where even the blind can see !!!

ANUSHI
 The four inputs namely front ,rear and stick cameras and the
sound input enters the processing unit .
 The processing unit does all the noise cancelling and sends
the voice signals to the earpiece .
 The unit is comprised with an online/offline database which
is used to match the surrounding pictures.
 The matched pictures are sent as voice signals as such:
 The front camera images are encoded as a man’s voice.
 The rear camera images are encoded as a female’s voice.
 The vulnerable images as described earlier will lead to
vibrations in the stick.

ANUSHI
 The processing unit will measure the kinematics
of the objects/obstacles relative to the blind
person.
 It would consider only the “approaching” images
. We are only concerned with the objects that
approach the blind person be it from front or
rear.
 The most vulnerable objects would be kept
higher in priority while sending voice signals.
 The processing unit will be provided with an
internet connection be it any dongle or sim card
basis.
ANUSHI
This is one of the key
features of the system. Online
navigation via Google maps would be
provided which would render the
person completely independent for
travelling .

Another key feature the images would be sent to a particular


website on a particular account after a specific interval of time.
The device can also be remotely controlled to get pictures or to
tell the person that he is to return home which would
automatically feed the navigation to home.

ANUSHI
ARE SOME OF THE FEATURES MAKING IT UNIQUE

 The device would be equipped with the feature of face


recognition which would be able to feed the new faces
of his kith and kin.
 Geotagging.
 Sign board recognition.
 Ability to read and interpret various languages.
 Local languages to be used as a voice output.

ANUSHI
 Highly economical

 No risks of surgery

 No side effects

 Universal in its use

 Highly reliable as it is based on artificial


intelligence

ANUSHI
 Person can be accessed and traced at any
point of time

 No need of any further personal assistance

 The “handicapped” does no longer feel so


 Blind are known to possess a very strong
sense of hearing. this device doesn’t
dissolve their capability to hear, but in turn
assist them.

ANUSHI
ANUSHI
ANUSHI