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A teardrop- shaped
island in Surigao del
Norte, is home to the
9th Best Surf Spot in
the World, according
to a list released by
the travel website of
the Cable News
Network (CNN).
According to
Clayne R. Jensen
An organized activities (2006), a day can be
done during one’s free divided into three
time for his/her parts:
personal reasons,
where an interaction • Existence time
between man and an • Subsistence time
element of nature is
present. • Free time
 It refers to the
 It is time spent  It is all the
hours spent for
for biological remaining time
needs like after. It is the
purposes such as
having a meal, best time to do
going to work,
sleeping, and recreational
chores, and for
other personal activities, to
students, hours
care. relax, and to
spent in school,
and school work.
Recreation is derived from the Latin
word recreare which means to be

Recreational activities depends on

one’s interests, pursuits, and needs
which may be reflective of one’s
beliefs and level of gratification.
Outdoors in a broad sense is a space
outside an enclosed area. It includes the
natural environment and resources which
comprises the land, water, wildlife,
vegetation, open space, and scenery.

The outdoors may be in their most

natural state or “semi-natural” state
where it had gone through some human
modification but has retained its natural
 Some do it for personal satisfaction and enjoyment.
 It is a time away from the day-to-day routine.
 Some do it to be in touch with nature.
 Many do it for personal pursuit such as photography,
collecting sea shells, reaching the top of a mountain, etc.
 Some individuals or groups do it as a part of outdoor or
environmental education such as bird-watching, plant
naming, etc.
 People engaged in outdoor recreational activity for their
own sake and pleasure, voluntarily, and of their own choice.
The Philippines is rich in natural resources. Despite being in a
relatively small country, Philippines is surrounded by all kinds
of land formations and natural water resources.
In fact, it has been listed in The World Factbook (Maps of the
World, n.d.) as having the 5th longest coastline in the world.
Rock Hiking
Mountain Biking
Mounteneering Bird- Watching
Trekking/ Hiking Mountain Biking
Camping Orienteering
Backpacking Canyoneering
Picnic Rock Climbing
Bamboo Rafting
Swimming Kayaking
Snorkeling Whitewater Rafting
Diving Sailing
Surfing Fishing
Canoeing Bamboo Rafting
 Being outdoors prevents a person from having a
sedentary life. It allows people to move, whether by
walking, running, swimming, biking, paddling, etc.

 With the surge of electronic gadgets, more and

more people (children and adults alike) are
unconsciously getting stuck with a sedentary life,
contented with playing their computer games,
tablets, or cellphones, or watching television for
 The outdoors is a great distraction from these
gadgets. It helps people to be on the move. It gets
their hearts pumping and their bigger muscles at
 Such movements expend energy, promote
cardiovascular and muscular fitness, and improve
the function of the immune system.
 The physical activities done in outdoor recreation
may range from average to vigorous levels of
 Many people have documented the benefits of
staying active that include reduced obesity,
reduced risk of disease, enhanced immune system,
and increased life expectancy.

 The following is a guideline taken from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) and American College of Sports
Medicine (ACSM):
Moderate Activity 3.0 to 6.0 METs* (3.5 to 7 Vigorous Activity Greater than 6.0 METs*
kcal/min) (more than 7 kcal/min)

• Walking at a brisk space of 3-4.5 mph • Walking – 5mph or faster

• Hiking • Jogging or running
• Biking with level terrain or few hills • Climbing briskly up a hill
(5-9 mph) • Backpacking
• Recreational Swimming • Mountain Climbing
• Snorkeling • Rock Climbing
• Aquatic Aerobics • Rappelling
• Water Skiing • Mountain Biking
• Canoeing (At less that 4 mph)
• Surfing (Board and body)
• Sailing
• Kayaking on lakes or calm water
• Fishing while walking along the
• Horseback rding
 Engaging in outdoor recreational activities
helps people to rest, relax, de-stress or unwind,
and feel revitalized.

 Some research showed that too much artificial

stimulation and time spent in purely human
environments can cause exhaustion and loss
of vitality health (Katcher & Baeck 1987;
Stilgoe, 2001)
 Nature has its own way of positively distracting
a stressed mind and calming it down.

 Natural setting and stimuli such as landscape

and animals seem to effortlessly engage our
attention, allowing us to attend without paying
attention (Kuo and Sullivan, 2001)

 This alone helps reduce stress and prevents

some cases of depression and anxiety.
 Being outdoors also improves our self- esteem,
confidence, and creativity.

 There is a sense of “feeling good” whenever

one achieves the goal in a particular activity
such as reaching the peak of a mountain or
learning a skill of paddling and canoeing.
Outdoor recreational activities
contribute to one’s personal and
spiritual growth. It allows an
individual to discover his/her inner
spirit and sense of self, creating
new behaviors and identity.
Outdoor activities are ways for families
to become closer. They can be a “family-
bonding activity” as each family member
participates in an activity, achieves a
common goal, and ges through same
Spending time outdoors also allows one
to meet and interact with others who
share the same passion for outdoor
recreation. Participating in a team will
help from lasting friendship and develop
a community.
Outdoor recreation also promotes

 Activities done outdoors in he

natural setting help in making people
realize the great things that nature
provides mankind.
Increased knowledge and appreciation
helps them understand how personal
actions can strongly affect the environment
People’s feelings and connection with
nature are the greatest motivation for
them to care for the natural
environmental and advocate for its
People who have a relaxed body and
mind tend to be more productive at
“It’s more fun in the Philippines!” as the
Department of Tourism slogan goes. It is
more fun as well for everyone involved
in ecotourism activities in the
It has been rewarding for the
local folks as ecotourism in the
country created jobs and other
economic activities which have,
one way or another, contributed
to our economic growth.
Positive outdoor experience can
stir up spiritual values. Being
one with nature brings certain
calmness within a person. It
strengthen an individual as it
heals, rejuvenates, and soothes
the body and soul.
 It has been established earlier that
outdoor recreation is an interaction
between man and nature. The
interaction should come with care and
It is a set of universal outdoor ethics that
guides one in the activities to do with

It also provides the framework for

making decisions in outdoor recreation.
 Before going to a place, check if your
planned activity is permitted. Make sure to
know the rules, guidelines, and safety
procedures they have set. Some places
require certain permit or clearances.
 Make sure you have the needed equipment
for your activity and the skills needed to
undertake the activity.
 Plan how to cope in case emergency rises.
 Check the weather forecast and be
prepared for changing weather conditions.
 Learn when areas are most crowded and try
to avoid those times.
 To minimize environmental impact and for
safety reasons, keep group numbers small.
 Repack food to minimize waste.
 When trekking, maps and compass must be
used to avoid markings or leaving of marks
on rocks and the like.
 Walk, run, buke, or camp on durable
surfaces like establishments tracks, rocks,
gravel, and dry grasses.
 Avoid walking on soft surfaces like soft
plants. You might be trampling on a young
tree or pasture and this will cause
vegetation damage.
 To avoid erosion, walk in single file in the
middle of the trail.
 Use existing trails or campsites, no need to
build a new campsite that will alter the
 Avoid places where impacts are just
beginning to show.
 When camping, keep the campsite small
and discreet.
 Camp at least 200 feet from lakes and rivers
to protect the waters.
 “Pack it in, pack it out” means everything
you brought should be brought back with
you including left-over food or fruit peel.
Nothing should be left.
 When camping, cat holes are dug (6-8
inches deep) for human waste and covered
just the same with soil and weeds or leaves
on top.
 Dishes should be washed 200 feet away
from lakes or rivers and use biodegradable
soap. Scatter strained dishwater.
 Examine archeological structures, old walls,
and other heritage artifacts but do not touch
nor leave marks on them.
 Leave nature as you found them. Do not take
any plant, rock, plants, or marine animals
with you.
 Avoid introducing non- native plants and
 Do not build structures, furniture, or dig
 Use lightweight stove for cooking; campfires
can cause lasting impacts.
 If fires are permitted, use fire rings or mound
fires that are already set-up.
 Keep fires small an use only sticks from the
ground that can be broken by hand.
 No burning of plastics or other substances
that emit toxic fumes.
 Burn all wood to ash and make sure fires are
completely out. Scatter the cool ash.
 Observe wild animals from a distance and
they should be avoided during sensitive
time such as mating, nesting, or raising the
 Do no feed wild animals or birds as it is
not their natural food. The food might
damage their health or alter their natural
behaviors and even expose them to
 Protect wildlife and protect your food as
well by storing and securing the trash
 In case you decide to bring your pets
along, make sure it is allowed and you can
control them. Otherwise, do not bring
them with you.
 Respect people who live and work in the
 Respect other visitors and let them have a
momentous experience as well.
 Allow the sound of nature to prevail, not
your noise or your radio.
 Be courteous; yield to others on a trail.
 Camp away from trails and other visitors.