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Flood and Stormwater

Management
Puteri Kusuma Wardhani
Definition
○ Stormwater management according to EPA means to manage and/or reduce runoff of rainwater or melted
snow into streets, lawns and other sites and the improvement of water quality.
○ Stormwater – absorbed into the soil: it is filtered and replenishes aquifers or flows into streams and rivers.
When heavy rainwater hits – ground saturated by water creates excess moisture that runs across the
surface and into storm sewers and road ditches.

○ Often carries debris, chemicals, bacteria, eroded soil, and other pollutants – carries them into streams,
rivers, lakes, or wetlands.

○ Goals: protecting our environment, reducing flooding, supporting healthy streams and rivers, and creating
healthier, more sustainable communities.

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Urban Stormwater Management
○ Stormwater infrastructure in urban environments has traditionally been built to convey urban stormwater rapidly to
receiving waters (e.g. waterways, bays and estuaries, groundwater, sea and oceans).
○ Urban stormwater conveys pollutants derived from urban activities, and symptomatic of the effect of stormwater
pollution is the deterioration of water quality in the receiving water environment.
○ In some cases, pollution from groundwater sources as a result of more efficient drainage attributable to the
construction of drainage infrastructure has also led to the degradation of water quality in urban waterways.
○ Urban stormwater treatment and harvesting represents a significant opportunity to provide a major new water source
for use by cities, while simultaneously helping to protect valuable waterways from excessive pollution and ecosystem
degradation (PMSEIC, 200711).

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Green Infrastructure

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Bioretention Garden

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Constructed Wetland

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Rainwater Harvesting

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How does stormwater management help?

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Flood
Management
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Flood: An Overview

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Flood: An Overview

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British Isles Case Study: Boscastle Flood (2004)
Boscastle is a small coastal settlement in the south west of England.
It flooded in August 2004, washing cars and buildings into the sea and putting peoples' lives
in danger.
Boscastle is at the confluence of three rivers - Valency, Jordan, and Paradise.
A large quantity of water arrived within a short space of time causing the rivers to overflow.
The flooding coincided with a high tide, making the impact much worse.

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Flood management following the Boscastle flood

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Impact of Flood

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Flood Management: River Management

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Case Study:
Sustainable
River
Management in
Yang Tze River,
China

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