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SDGs versus MDGs | Intro

The 8 original Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

were set by the United Nations back in 2000 to eradicate
poverty, hunger, illiteracy and disease. They expired at the
end of 2015.
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – part of
a wider 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development –
build on the (MDGs).

The MDG targets were set to get us “half way” to the

goal of ending hunger and poverty, with similar proportional
goals in other fields. The SDGs are designed to finish the
job – to get to a statistical “zero” on hunger, poverty,
preventable child deaths and other targets.
2. Adding a new double challenge
SDG6 beyond access
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and
sanitation for all

6.1 Means of Implementation

Water 6.A
6.6 6.2 International
Eco- Sanitation cooperation
systems and Hygiene and capacity
Goal 6
Water 6.3
resource Water 6.B
manageme quality Local
nt participation

SDG 6.1 and 6.2 set a new standard
for WASH access…

• Target 6.1: By 2030, achieve universal and

equitable access to safe and affordable drinking
water for ALL

• Target 6.2: By 2030, achieve access to adequate

and equitable sanitation and hygiene for ALL,
and end open defecation, paying special attention
to the needs of women and girls and those in
vulnerable situations
JMP reporting
• The original MDG inspired sanitation ladder
used by JMP

JMP reporting
• The modified SDG inspired sanitation ladder
used by JMP Added

MDG: Improved sanitation

MDG: Shared sanitation

MDG: Unimproved sanitation

MDG: Open defecation 7

JMP reporting
• There are three main ways to meet the criteria
for having a safely managed sanitation
service (SDG 6.2). People should use improved
sanitation facilities which are not shared with
other households, and the excreta produced
should either be:
treated and disposed in situ,
stored temporarily and then emptied and
transported to treatment off-site, or
transported through a sewer with wastewater
and then treated off-site.
JMP reporting
• Safely managed sanitation services (SDG 6.2)
focus on the entire sanitation service chain
from capture to safe disposal or reuse.

ODF sanitation

Focus of MDGs

Focus of SDGs | Safely managed along the entire sanitation service chain
Service level monitoring

• Monitoring is done through “service level monitoring”

which is done by collecting specific data at household level
Service level monitoring provides valuable information to adjust
intervention strategies and or implementation plans