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AI & IOT IN THE

DEVELOPMENT OF SMART
CITIES
GROUP – 2
MONDAY, DECEMBER 30, 2019
CONTENT

• What is a smart city? What is IoT?


• Need for smart cities
• Where does IoT come into picture?
• Applications that make a city “smart”
• Smart Grid
• Waste and water management
• Traffic management
• Load forecasting: Details
• What is load forecasting?
• Artificial neural networks and deep learning
• Conclusion
SMART CITY & IOT (INTERNET OF EVERYTHING)
SMART CITY

• Urban development vision to integrate multiple information and


communication technology (ICT) to create sustainable economic
development and high quality of life in a secure fashion
• Major Areas –
• Smart Energy Management
• Smart Healthcare
• Smart Services
• Smart Logistics
• Smart Waste Management
NEED FOR SMART CITY

• Urbanization – world’s urban population expected to double by


2050
• Necessity to develop smart and sustainable cities to cope population
growth

• Environmental challenges – Technology for efficient use of


energy
• 70% CO2 emissions derive from cities
• 80% of global energy production consumed by cities
• Economic growth – biggest contributor to a country’s GDP
• By 2025, 600 biggest cities projected to accounted for 60% of global
SMART CITY KEY
COMPONENTS
Technology Factors -
Wireless infrastructure;
IoT; Network
equipment; Computing
infrastructure;

SMART Human Factors –


Education; Creativity; a

CITY smart community

Government Factors–
Support of government
and policy makers
CHALLENGES

Technological Privacy and


Collaboration Security

Big Data

Real-Time
Analysis
INTERNET OF THINGS(IOT)
• Network of physical objects connected to the int ernet
• Collect and exchange data

Smart Smart Smart Smart


wearables Sports Health Homes
APPLICATIONS THAT MAKE A CITY “SMART”
SMART GRID

• Goal
• Electrical grid including operational measurement systems which relays information back to acentral
management system

• IoT
• Digital sensors monitoring the transmission networks (power meters, voltage sensors,fault detectors)
• AI
• Optimization of power transmission; promote conservation through demand-based pricing
• Predictive maintenance of networks and load forecasting
• Predict cascading effect of outages in a grid network
• United Kingdom – OpenADR (Open Automated Demand Response) standard reduced peak
usage in commercial buildings by 45%
• Amsterdam – Smart street lighting allows municipalities to control brightness of street
lights based on traffic and pedestrian movement
WATER MANAGEMENT

• Goal
• Conserve water (as simple as that)
• IoT
• Sensors to monitor water supply, water levels and sewerages
• Real-time climate monitoring
• AI
• Predict/Optimize usage of water
• Optimized rain-water harvesting
• Predictive maintenance – avoid disruptions
• Distributed sensor networks to plan for flooding; learning from the network data

• Abu Dhabi - reduced annual maintenance plan by 40% using IBM’s solution
• Barcelona (Spain) - The irrigation system in Parc del Centre de Poblenou, transmits real
time data to gardening crews about the level of water required for the plants
WASTE MANAGEMENT

• Goal
• Optimize trash collection and monitoring
• IoT
• Sensors monitoring trash collection
• Sensors identifying objects at disposal grounds
• AI
• Optimize trash collection by monitoring waste levels at public bins
• Segregate recyclable materials from the non-recyclable ones
• Philadelphia – ‘Big Belly’s’ trash can allowed the city to bring down their trash
collection frequency from 7 per week to 5 per week and avoid overflowing trash
cans
PUBLIC CARE

• Goal
• Efficient and quick health diagnosis
• Avoid epidemics
• IoT
• Environmental monitoring
• Various sensors to collect patient’s real-time data
• AI
• Provide diagnosis support by predicting possible medicaloutcomes
• Remote diagnosis of patients
• Based on GIS data, environmental data and patient data, predict possible outbreaks of
epidemics

• Samsung’s Smart healthcare solution – Mobile health camps with state-of-


the-art in-vitro diagnostic (IVD) devices for testing for metabolism, blood
cells, hormone and cardiovascular conditions at pilgrimage places like the
Mecca
SAFE CITY

• Goal
• Ensure safety of citizens and prevent crime/attacks
• IoT
• Surveillance cameras
• Monitoring citizens movements
• AI
• Predict crime locations and type of crimes
• Alert citizens remotely
• Optimize the presence of police personnel
• Researchers from MIT trained a computer to learn from millions of images to identify
possible crime locations
• San Francisco – BART police using historical data to predict and prevent crimes
SMART TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

• Goal
• Make life better on the road
• IoT
• Sensors capturing traffic movement, street light sensors, sensors at tolling booths, sensors installed in public
transport systems

• AI
• Smart parking – finds a parking spot for you
• Direct traffic through alternate routes; open-up reserved lanes; Automated traffic lights
• Optimize public transport; Reduce fuel consumption in public transports
• Helsinki (Finland) - fuel consumption has dropped 5 percent, customer satisfaction has increased by 7
percent, driver performance has improved, and mechanical maintenance has become proactive by
analyzing data from sensors installed in their public buses
• Barcelona (Spain) – Designed new bus network based on data analysis of most common traffic flows
• London – Underground subway uses IoT for predictive maintenance, monitor on-going activity across
the system and for infrastructure planning (https://youtu.be/NYpdNGl1hco)
THANK YOU!

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