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OBJECTIVES:

1.EN8G-Id-8 (Use appropriate


cohesive devices).
2.Differentiate the usage of
cohesive devices.
1.First of all, pour a half-cup of milk in the
bowl; second, add two eggs and third, stir the
mixture.
2.Chris is on the basketball team this semester
at U.P High School for the Deaf. In addition,
he is on the soccer team.
3.I felt that our last student council meeting
did not go well. In other words, it was a fine
mess.
Take a look on these!
1.First of all, pour a half-cup of milk in the bowl;
second, add two eggs and third, stir the
mixture.
2.Chris is on the basketball team this semester
at U.P High School for the Deaf. In addition, he
is on the soccer team.
3.I felt that our last student council meeting did
not go well. In other words, it was a fine mess.
COHESIVE DEVICES
•It is sometimes called linking words, linkers,
connectors, discourse markers or transitional
words.
•It tells the reader what we are doing in a
sentence and help to guide them through our
writing.
•They signal to the reader what the relationships
are between the different clauses, sentences and
paragraphs.
TYPES OF COHESIVE DEVICES
• COMPARISON – also, equally, similarly, likewise,
compared with, in the same way, in comparison to.
• ADDITION – and, also, furthermore, too, what is more,
again, in addition, additionally, further, moreover, as
well as, what’s more, besides, this/that.
• EXEMPLIFICATION (examples) – for example, for
instance, to illustrate, such as, namely, a good example
of this is, in particular, particularly, specifically.
•SEQUENCING – first, second, next, then, after, to
begin with, initially, at first, from there, and then,
following this, finally, lastly.
•RESULT – so, therefore, as a result, thus, because.
•CONTRAST – in comparison, in contrast, instead,
on the contrary, conversely, on the other hand,
however, despite this, although, while, though,
compared with, in comparison with, rather,
whereas, but, instead of, in spite of, still,
nevertheless, regardless, otherwise.
•QUALIFYING (succeeding) – but, however,
although, unless, except.
•REFORMULATION (generalize) – in other words,
put more simply, that is to say, rather, in simple
terms.
•HIGHLIGHTING (importance) – in particular,
especially, mainly, particularly, above all.
•TRANSITION (change) – turning to, with regard
to, with reference to, as far as it is, concerned.
•CONSEQUENCE – therefore, as a result,
thus, so, consequently, admittedly, so
that, depending on.
•EMPHASIS/CERTAINTY – indeed,
certainly, in fact, of course,
undoubtedly, plainly, obviously.
•CONDITION – if…..then, unless,
whether, provided that.
•SUMMARY – in summary, in conclusion,
overall, in short, in brief, to sum up, in
other words, all in all, to put it differently,
to summarize, on the whole.
•REASON – because, since, as, so, due to,
owing to, the reason why.
•CONCESSION (accepting/ acknowledging
something is true) – granted, naturally, of
course.
EXAMPLES:
•The public transport in this city
is unreliable and it’s cheap.
•The public transport in this city
is unreliable and it’s cheap.
(ADDITION)
EXAMPLES:
•He needs money because he
is sick.
•He needs money because he
is sick. (RESULT)
EXAMPLES:
•In contrast with what she had said,
her sister is innocent of the
bullying issue.
•In contrast with what she had said,
her sister is innocent of the
bullying issue. (CONTRAST)
EXAMPLES:
•She needs to take her nebulizer, in
other words, to lessen her asthma.
•She needs to take her nebulizer, in
other words, to lessen her asthma.
(REFORMULATION)
EXAMPLES:
•Then, the father of Joan, wild with
his grief, found the dead body of
her daughter.
•Then, the father of Joan, wild with
his grief, found the dead body of
her daughter. (SEQUENCING)
IDENTIFY THE COHESIVE DEVICE USED IN THE
FOLLOWING SENTENCES AND DETERMINE ITS KIND
OR FUNCTION
1.I am not able to go to the beach with you. Nevertheless,
thanks for asking me.
2.Although Steven was extremely tired, he washed the dishes.
3.The show is not over until the actors take their final bows at
the end.
4.At first, I thought it was a dead animal. As I walked closer, I
saw it was only a worn-out coat on the ground.
5.Not all birds east berries. For example, vultures eat dead
animals.
IDENTIFY THE COHESIVE DEVICE USED IN THE FOLLOWING
SENTENCES AND DETERMINE ITS KIND OR FUNCTION
1.I was too tired; therefore I decided not to go to the state fair
last night.
2.To conclude, I want to wish you all a very happy holiday
season.
3.Stephen went to pick up Irene before he stopped by
McDonald’s for lunch.
4.While, Missy was driving to work, she saw a deer by the
roadside.
5.That house felt very creepy inside; meanwhile, it was sunny
outside.