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• Objectives:

• Distinguish between a discrete and a continuous random


variable.
• Find the possible values of a random variable.
A discrete random variable can only take a finite
(countable) number of distinct values. Distinct
values mean values that are exact and can be
represented by nonnegative whole numbers.

Ex. Let X = number of students transferred to other schools.


Ex. Number of defective light bulbs among the randomly selected
light bulbs.
A continuous random variable can assume an infinite
number of values in an interval between two specific
values. This means they can assume values that can be
represented not only by nonnegative whole numbers but
also by fractions and decimals. These values are often
results of measurement.

Ex. Let Y = the weights of randomly selected students in pounds.


Ex. The lengths of randomly selected shoes of SHS in centimetres.
a. X = number of exes of a STEM playboy.
b. Y = the number cellphones sold in Gaisano
Kidapawan.
c. The heights of daisy plants in the backyard.
d. Number of left-handed teachers randomly selected
in SHS department.
Example 1. A coin is tossed twice. Let the variable X
represent the number of heads that result from this
experiment.
a. Find the sample space.
b. Complete the table below.
c. Find the values of the random variable X.
Example 1. A coin is tossed twice. Let the variable X
represent the number of heads that result from this
experiment.
a. Find the sample space.
b. Complete the table below.
c. Find the values of the random variable X.
Possible Outcomes Value of the Random
Variable X (no. of heads)
Example 1. A coin is tossed twice. Let the variable X
represent the number of heads that result from this
experiment.
a. Find the sample space.
b. Complete the table below.
c. Find the values of the random variable X.
Possible Outcomes Value of the Random
Variable X (no. of heads)
HH 2
HT 1
TH 1
TT 0
From a box containing 4 black balls and 2 green balls, 3
balls are drawn in succession. Each ball is placed back in
the box before the next draw is made. Let G be the
random variable representing the number of green balls
that occur. Find the value of random variable G.
Possible Outcomes Value of the Random
Variable G
Example 3. Suppose three cell phones are tested at a random. We
want to find out the number of defective cell phones that occur.
Illustration:
Let D represent the defective cell phone and N represent the non-
defective cell phone. Let X be the random variable representing the
number of defective cell phones.
Possible Outcomes Value of the Random Variable X
(no. of defective cell phones)
Example 3. Suppose three cell phones are tested at a random. We
want to find out the number of defective cell phones that occur.
Illustration:
Let D represent the defective cell phone and N represent the non-
defective cell phone. Let X be the random variable representing the
number of defective cell phones.
Possible Outcomes Value of the Random Variable X
(no. of defective cell phones)
DNN 1
DDD 3
DDN 2
DND 2
NNN 0
NDD 2
NDN 1
NND 1
A. Classify the ff. random variables as discrete or continuous.
1. The weight of newborns each year in a hospital.
2. The number of siblings in a family of region.
3. The amount of paint utilized in a building project.
4. The number of dropout in KCNHS for a period of 5 years.
5. The speed of a car.
6. The number of female athletes.
7. The time needed to finish the test.
8. Let X = the amount of sugar in a cup of coffee.
9. Let Y = the number of people who are playing LOTTO each day.
10. Let Z = the average amount of electricity consumed per household.
B. Three balls are drawn in succession without replacement from an urn
containing 2 red balls and 5 blue balls. Let Z be the random
variable representing the number of red balls.
a. Find the sample space.
b. Complete the table below.
c. Find the values of the random variable Z.
Possible Outcomes Value of the Random Variable Z
(no. of red balls)
A. Classify the ff. random variables as discrete or continuous.
Continuous 1. The weight of newborns each year in a hospital.
Discrete 2. The number of siblings in a family of region.
Continuous 3. The amount of paint utilized in a building project.
Discrete 4. The number of dropout in KCNHS for a period of 5 years.
Continuous 5. The speed of a car.
Discrete 6. The number of female athletes.
Continuous 7. The time needed to finish the test.
Continuous 8. Let X = the amount of sugar in a cup of coffee.
Discrete 9. Let Y = the number of people who are playing LOTTO each day.
Continuous 10. Let Z = the average amount of electricity consumed per household.
B. Three balls are drawn in succession without replacement from an urn
containing 2 red balls and 5 blue balls. Let Z be the random
variable representing the number of red balls.
a. Find the sample space. S = {BBB, BBR, BRB, BRR, RBB, RBR, RRB}
b. Complete the table below.
c. Find the values of the random variable Z. Z = {0, 1, 2}
Possible Outcomes Value of the Random Variable Z
(no. of red balls)
BBB 0
BBR 1
BRB 1
BRR 2
RBB 1
RBR 2
RRB 2