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THIS PRESENTATION

IS CLASSIFIED

AS

CONFIDENTIAL
ORDER OF PRESENTATION

• Session Objectives
• Intelligence Cycle: Definition
• Four (4) Phases of Intelligence Cycle
• Planning & Direction
• Collection of Information
• Processing of Information
• Dissemination & Use
• Methods of Dissemination
SESSION OBJECTIVES

• Identify the phases of the Intelligence Cycle;


• Recognize the relationship and relevance of each
phase of the Intelligence Cycle; and
• Explain when and how intelligence supports and
collaborates with investigators and prosecutors in
order to provide evidence which is admissible in
terrorism-related cases.
INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
Cyclical steps followed from intelligence planning
to the dissemination of processed information.
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION

DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION

DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION

DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION

DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION

DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION

DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
- Nucleus
PLANNING & DIRECTION - Statement of
the task to be
DISSEMINATE & USE

accomplished

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION It covers 1 H & 5


Ws specific tasks
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION PLANNING & DIRECTION


- Guided by the mission
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
PLANNING & DIRECTION
PLANNING & DIRECTION
-Determine the
intelligence required for
DISSEMINATE & USE

decisions and plans

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
PLANNING & DIRECTION
PLANNING & DIRECTION
- Identification of the
intelligence requirements
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
Commanders Intelligence
PLANNING & DIRECTION Requirements
- Facts he needs to know to
DISSEMINATE & USE

execute his assigned mission

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
Priority Intelligence
SUPERVISION Requirements (PIRs)
- Regarding enemy
PLANNING & DIRECTION
environment, capability,
characteristics and
DISSEMINATE & USE

courses of action needed

COLLECTION
to assist the commander
MISSION
MISSION in reaching a logical
decision.

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
- Other Intelligence
PLANNING & DIRECTION
Requirements (OIR)
DISSEMINATE & USE

- Collect other
information of the area of

COLLECTION
operations which may
MISSION
MISSION
affect the accomplishment
of the mission
- Derived from command
requirements which do not
PROCESSING qualify as PIR

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION -Stating the


Intelligence
DISSEMINATE & USE

Requirements (SIRs)

COLLECTION
- Specific questions to
MISSION
MISSION be answered in a
specified time dealing
with specific factors.
(SOR)
PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION DETERMINATION OF


INDICATORS
DISSEMINATE & USE

• Any positive or negative evidence

COLLECTION
of enemy activity
MISSION
MISSION • Any Characteristic of the area of
operation
• Ways of enemy deception

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION DETERMINATION OF


INDICATORS
DISSEMINATE & USE

• Ability of intelligence officer to

COLLECTION
read indicators
MISSION
MISSION • Indicators presented by the enemy
may be false
• Provide the basis for orders and
request
PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION -Dissemination of


Intelligence
DISSEMINATE & USE

Requirements

COLLECTION
-Specific
MISSION
MISSION
Requests/Orders

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION -Orders and request
PLANNING & DIRECTION are specific as to what
information is desired
DISSEMINATE & USE

and where it may be

COLLECTION
found
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
FACTORS IN SELECTION
SUPERVISION
OF AGENCY
PLANNING & DIRECTION • CAPABILITY- physically
capable of providing the
DISSEMINATE & USE

desired information in a

COLLECTION
timely manner
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
FACTORS IN SELECTION
SUPERVISION
OF AGENCY
PLANNING & DIRECTION • SUITABILITY- collection
task assigned to a unit must
DISSEMINATE & USE

be compatible with its

COLLECTION
primary mission
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
FACTORS IN SELECTION
SUPERVISION
OF AGENCY
PLANNING & DIRECTION • MULTIPLICITY- information
requires that it be compared
DISSEMINATE & USE

with information received

COLLECTION
from other sources and
agencies
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
FACTORS IN SELECTION
SUPERVISION
OF AGENCY
PLANNING & DIRECTION • BALANCE- collection
workload is balanced among
DISSEMINATE & USE

agencies

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
FORMULATION OF
SUPERVISION
COLLECTION PLAN
PLANNING & DIRECTION Translates indications to specific
mission or requirements and task
collection agencies
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
Intelligence Collection Plan
TITLE: Facts and circumstances surrounding the reported planned attack against Police Station
5, Butuan City Police Office.
Date: August 15, 2015

Type of
Intelligence Collection Collection
Indications Information Source
Requirements Method Task
(Tangible)

Frequent
SPO1
Will the enemy complaints
Concerned Specific Batucan;
attack the PS5, lodged by Certification
Barangay Request TD: August
BCPO? suspected non-
22, 2015
resident persons

Unusual
Who are the General:
increase of PO3 Tapa;
group/s behind Name of the RID, Specific
ambulant TD: August
the planned suspected PRO13 Request
vendors w/in 22, 2015
attack? group. - PSR
PS5 vicinity
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
• Collection of information
SUPERVISION
begins once the outline of
the intelligence desired
PLANNING & DIRECTION
has been determined
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
COLLECTION OF INFORMATION

Collection is the systematic exploitation of sources


of information by collection agencies and the
delivery of the information obtained to the proper
intelligence section.
Police Collection Activities
• Routing patrols • Investigations
• Surveillance/Casing • Search and seizures
• Criminal investigation • Checkpoints
• Use of outsiders like
informers and informants • Cordon and search
• Interrogations/Debriefing • Interview and elicitation
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
• Supervision of the
SUPERVISION
collection effort is an
PLANNING & DIRECTION integral part of the
intelligence officer’s
DISSEMINATE & USE

responsibilities

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
• Source of Information
SUPERVISION
-individuals, object or records, data
and/or activity
PLANNING & DIRECTION
-specialized collection method
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION Types of Source of Info


• Open Sources
DISSEMINATE & USE

• Non-open Sources

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
Common Sources of
PLANNING & DIRECTION Information:
• Local residents
DISSEMINATE & USE

• Recruited agent

COLLECTION
• Civilian agencies
MISSION
MISSION
• Captured enemy docs
• Maps and charts
• Internet
PROCESSING • Rebel returnees
• Convicted criminal/detainee
SUPERVISION
• Newspaper reports
• Others
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION It involves the use of
PLANNING & DIRECTION
agents and undercover
operatives
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
• Intensive
PLANNING & DIRECTION investigation of public
sources
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
The use of technical
PLANNING & DIRECTION means of intelligence-
gathering
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION


Processing
DISSEMINATE & USE

- Conversion of

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION basic information
into finished
intelligence

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION


DISSEMINATE & USE

3 STEPS/OPERATION IN
PROCESSING

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION
1. RECORDING
2. EVALUATION
3. INTERPRETATION
PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
1. RECORDING
PLANNING & DIRECTION
• Reduction of information
to writing
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
• Other form of graphical
MISSION
MISSION representation
• Arranging of information
into groups of related items
PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
RECORDING AIDS
PLANNING & DIRECTION
1. Intelligence Journal
DISSEMINATE & USE

2. SITMAP

COLLECTION
3. Intelligence workbook
MISSION
MISSION
4. OB Records
5. Coordinate Register
6. Intel files
PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
RECORDING
PLANNING & DIRECTION
• Makes subsequent
interpretation easier and
DISSEMINATE & USE

more accurate and

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION facilitates preparation of
intelligence reports

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
2. EVALUATION
PLANNING & DIRECTION
- Refers to the
determination of the
DISSEMINATE & USE

pertinence, reliability,

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION
and accuracy of the
information

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
PARAMETERS OF
PLANNING & DIRECTION EVALUATION
1. Pertinence
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
2. Reliability
MISSION
MISSION
3. Accuracy

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
• Pertinent if the
PLANNING & DIRECTION information is:
- With regard to the enemy or
DISSEMINATE & USE

to the characteristic of the

COLLECTION
area of operation
MISSION
MISSION - Needed immediately
- Of possible present or
future value
PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
Basis of Evaluation of
PLANNING & DIRECTION Reliability Source
• Previous Experience
DISSEMINATE & USE

• Knowledge

COLLECTION
• Training
MISSION
MISSION
• Past Performance of Units
or Collector of Information

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION


DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
Accuracy means the
MISSION
MISSION
probable truth of the
information

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
EVALUATION RATING SYSTEM
(Admiralty Scale)
The evaluation of each item of information is indicated by a
standard system:

RELIABILITY OF SOURCE ACCURACY OF INFORMATION

A - Completely Reliable 1 - Confirmed by other sources


B - Usually Reliable 2 - Probably true
C - Fairly Reliable 3 - Possibly true
D - Not Usually Reliable 4 - Doubtfully true
E - Unreliable 5 - Improbable
F - Reliability cannot be judge 6 - Truth cannot be judged
Factors Affecting Reliability

• Proximity
• Sensory limitations
• Fatigue
• Bias
• Knowledge & Experience
• Past Performance
• Motivation
Factors Affecting Accuracy

• Language
• Circular reporting
• Uncorroborated – single source
• How obtained (legal/illegal)
• Date of information
Halo Effect
• Grouping the two scales as having a “one to one”
relationship (equal weighting)
Ex: A1, B2, C3, D4, E5, and E6

• The source and information needs to be evaluated on


individual merit
• Ex: A2, B1, A3, B3, etc . . . .
SOURCES OF INFORMATION
T - Direct observation by the commander of a unit
U - Report by a penetration agent or resident agent
V - Report by an AFP trooper or PNP personnel in
encounter or operation
W- Interrogation of a captured enemy agent or
foreigner
X - Observation by a government or civilian
employee or official
Y - Observation by a member of a populace
Z - Documentary
EXAMPLE OF EVALUATION RATING
Example No. 1:
A1-T
Where A is Completely Reliable while 1 is Confirmed
By Other Sources and T means Direct Observation By
The Commander.

Example No. 2:
B2-Y
Where B is Usually Reliable while 2 is Probably true
and Y represents Observation by a member of a
populace.
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
3. INTERPRETATION
PLANNING & DIRECTION
-The determination of
DISSEMINATE & USE

the significance of the

COLLECTION
information
MISSION
MISSION
-Drawing or deduction of
conclusions as to the
probable meaning of the
evaluated information.
PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
3 Steps of Interpretation
PLANNING & DIRECTION
1. Analysis – sifting and
evaluation of sorted
DISSEMINATE & USE

information

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION
2. Integration – combination
of the elements isolated in
the analysis to form a logical
picture of any activities
PROCESSING
3. Deduction – formulation of
SUPERVISION
conclusion
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION

PLANNING & DIRECTION • DEDUCTION


- Is designed to answer
DISSEMINATE & USE

the question, “What does

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION this information mean in
relation to the area of
operations and the
enemy situation?”
PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
SUPERVISION
CLASSIFICATION
PLANNING & DIRECTION
 Top Secret
 Secret
DISSEMINATE & USE

 Confidential

COLLECTION
 Restricted
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
Processing of Information
PROCESSING OF
INFORMATION

RECORDING EVALUATION INTERPRETATION

Journal/ DIB Pertinence Analysis

Intelligence
Map/Situation Map
Reliability Integration

Intelligence
Accuracy Deduction
Workbook
Intelligence
Files

Journal
Files
Information
Or Reference
files
Order of
Battle File
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
DISSEMINATION & USE
SUPERVISION
- Timeliness
PLANNING & DIRECTION
- Propriety
- Third Party Protocol
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
MISSION
MISSION

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
REASONS FOR
SUPERVISION
DISSEMINATION
PLANNING & DIRECTION -To enable the
DISSEMINATE & USE

commander to make
decisions with

COLLECTION
confidence
MISSION
MISSION
-To provide knowledge
in the light of which new
information may be
PROCESSING
processed
SUPERVISION
THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
MEANS OF DISSEMINATION
SUPERVISION
1. Personal Contact
PLANNING & DIRECTION 2. Briefings/Conferences
3. Written Intel Reports
DISSEMINATE & USE

COLLECTION
4. Oral Briefings
MISSION
MISSION 5. Electronic means

PROCESSING

SUPERVISION
QUESTION?
“The art of war is of vital importance
to the state. It is a matter of life and
death, a road either to safety or to ruin.
Hence under no circumstances can it be
neglected.”

- Sun Tzu
END OF PRESENTATION