Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 10

THE CORE ISSUES IN HUMAN

DEVELOPMENT
DEVELOPMENTAL
STAGE THEORIES
Theories that divide child development into
distinct stages which are characterized by
qualitative differences in behaviour. There are a
number of different views about the way in
which psychological and physical development
proceed throughout the life span.
THREE ISSUES IN
DEVELOPMENT
The degree to which human
behavior is
NATURE determined by
versus genetics/biology (nature)
NURTURE or learned through
interacting with the
environment (nurture)
NATURE VS NURTURE

NATURE NURTURE
1. Nature refers to an individual's 1. Nurture refers to personal experiences
innate qualities (nativism). (i.e. empiricism or behaviorism).
2. Nature is your genes. The 2. Nurture refers to your childhood, or how
physical and personality traits you were brought up. Someone could be
determined by your genes stay born with genes to give them a normal
the same irrespective of where height, but be malnourished in
childhood, resulting in stunted growth
you were born and raised.
and a failure to develop as expected.
Theories in developmental
CONTINUITY psychology that attempt to
versus explain how people change
DISCONTINUITY through the course of their
lives.
CONTINUITY VS. DISCONTINUITY
CONTINUITY DISCONTINUITY
1. Development as a 1. Development as a series of
relatively smooth discrete stages, each of which
process, without sharp is characterized by at least
or distinct stages, one task that an individual
through which an must accomplish before
individual must pass progressing to the next stage
Deals with the issue of
STABILITY whether or not
personality traits present
versus during present during
CHANGE infancy endure
throughout the lifespan.
STABILITY VS. CHANGE
STABILITY CHANGE
1. Stability implies 1. Theorists argue that
personality traits personalities are
present during present modified by interactions
during infancy endure with family, experiences
throughout the lifespan. at school, and
acculturation.