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The Bible

Dublon, Ferolin, Ferolino, Gilza,
Loyola, Pague, and Parok
Describe the different methods of
approaches in interpreting the Bible

• Hermeneutics, the study of the general

principles of biblical interpretation.
• There are 4 common methods of interpreting the
Bible which are:
1. Literal Interpretation
2. Moral Interpretation
3. Allegorical Interpretation
4. Anagogical Interpretation
4 Common Methods
1. Literal Interpretation – A Biblical text is to be
interpreted according to the “plain meaning”. The literal
meaning is held to correspond to the intention of the
2. Moral Interpretation - Which seeks to establish
exegetical principles by which ethical lessons may be
drawn from the various parts of the Bible.
4 Common Methods
3. Allegorical Interpretation – Interprets the biblical
narratives as having a second level of reference beyond
those persons, things, and events explicitly mentioned
in the text.
4. Anagogical Interpretation - This mode of interpretation
seeks to explain biblical events as they relate to or
prefigure the life to come.
Identify and describe the common Bible study
tools that we can use in understanding the Sacred
• The following are the common Bible study tools:
1. Concordance
2. Commentaries
3. Study Bibles
4. Bible Dictionary and Bible Encyclopedia
5. Maps
6. Books about the Bible
7. Theological Dictionaries
Common Bible Study Tools
1. Concordance - This is the "Yahoo" and "Hot Boot" of
the Bible, so you can take a key word and find out the
passages that you want and others that expand on it.
2. Commentaries - They are designed to expand on the
thoughts of the passage through original language
study, historical information, settings, and in-depth
study by learned scholars with various viewpoints.
Common Bible Study Tools
3. Study Bibles - These are Bibles with some basic notes to
help you dig deeper into the text.
4. Bible Dictionary and Bible Encyclopedia - These work
just like a standard dictionary or encyclopedia, with the
exception of words and topics found in scripture.
5. Maps - Most Bibles have maps in them and they are
designed so you know where stuff is going on, it gives
you a "where" perspective, especially in the book of Acts
where there is a lot of traveling.
Common Bible Study Tools
6. Books about the Bible - These books help the student to
understand what the Bible is about and give general
7. Theological Dictionaries - These books go in-depth with
more than just a general understanding of major
theological points, such as "Colin-Brown" by Regency
and "Evangelical Dictionary of Theology" by Baker.
Importance of an authentic and proper way of
interpreting the Sacred Scripture

• Its importance:
-The goal of interpreting God’s Word is not to simply
accumulate knowledge so that you can be the best at
Bible trivia. The reason it is important to study and
accurately interpret the Bible is so that we can know God
better, know what He expects from us, and know how we
can live in a way that pleases Him.
Disadvantages of improper interpretation of the
Sacred Scripture

• Not only are there great rewards for faithful biblical interpretation, there is
also a considerable cost if we fail in this effort. This cost, too, is mentioned
in 2 Timothy 2:15. It is shrinking back in shame at God’s judgment by the
one who is unwilling to acquire the skills needed to interpret Scripture
accurately. The equivalent of improper biblical interpretation is shoddy
workmanship, due either to the lack of skill or carelessness. In the area of
hermeneutics, this translates into fallacies arising from neglect of the
context, proof texting, eisegesis (reading one’s preferred meaning into the
text rather than deriving it by careful study from the text), improper use of
background information, and other similar shortcomings.
• Britannica, T. E. of E. (n.d.). Hermeneutics. Retrieved from
• Chaffey, T. (2011, February 22). How We Interpret the Bible:
Principles for Understanding. Retrieved from
• The Tools and resources you need to Know! (n.d.). Retrieved from
• What's the True Cost of Bad Biblical Interpretation? (2018, October
4). Retrieved from https://blog.logos.com/2018/10/whats-true-cost-