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Nozzle Integrity Check

PT. Tripatra Engineers and Constructors


Tangerang – 15 Dec 2019
Overview

• Code Guideline for Nozzle Integrity Assessment


• Nozzle Integrity Assessment using ABAQUS
CODE GUIDELINE FOR
NOZZLE INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT
Introduction

• Nozzle junction is a weakest


component in pressure vessel.
• In the nozzle junction, there are
discontinuity on geometry which
can lead to local high stress. This
condition may cause structural
failure on the component.
• Quantifying local stress on nozzle
junction is an essential in the
design process of every
pressurized component with
nozzle.
Methods for Calculating Stress on Nozzle Junction

Nozzle Stress
Calculation

WRC Bulletin
FEA
No. 107/297
Advantages
• Not required component
modeling • Wider geometry application
• Simple methodology • Prevent over conservative

Disadvantages

• Require component
• Some geometry limitation modeling
• Sometimes too conservative • Sometimes need high
performance computer
ASME VIII Div. 2 Guideline for Nozzle Integrity

Plastic Collapse • Elastic Stress


Analysis
• Limit Load
• Elastic-Plastic Stress
Local Failure Analysis
Part 5

Buckling

Cyclic Loading
ASME VIII Div. 2 Rules for Nozzle Integrity

To evaluate protection against plastic collapse, the result from an elastic


stress analysis are categorized and compared to an associated limiting value.

Compare
Elastic Stress Stress Determine
Stress to
Analysis Result Categorization Allowable
Allowable
Stress Categorization
Allowable Limit

S = allowable stress of material from Table 5A ASME II Part D


Spl = 1.5 S
Sps = 3 S
Stress Linearization

Compare
Elastic Stress Stress Determine
Stress to
Analysis Result Categorization Allowable
Allowable

Stress
Linearization

Membrane stress

Bending stress
NOZZLE INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT USING
SIMULIA ABAQUS
Example : Simple Vessel Nozzle Integrity

Loads to be considered: Force (N) Moment (N.m)


1. Internal Pressure (17 barg) FA FL Fϕ Mt Mϕ ML
15000 15000 9000 11250 7500 9750
2. Nozzle external load