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“EMBROIDERY’’

Embroidery is a handicraft about decorating a


fabric and other materials using needle and thread
or yarn.
The word embroider is an English word derived from
the old French word “embroider” which means
“edge and border”.
In the Philippines, Calado embroidery (the method
of decorating a textile by pulling out threads from
the other parts of the fabric) has a long tradition in
the towns of Lumban in Laguna and Taal in
Batangas.
 Piña and jusi are the main fabrics used by the
bordadoras (native embroiders in Batangas).
 Piña was the most expensive fabric used in the
barong tagalog worn by the ilustrados (the
educated Filipinos).
Jusi raw silk from the Chinese, is a fabric that is
lightweight, filmsy, and light grayish to yellowish
brown (ecru). It is considered best for embroidery.
Piña cloth Jusi cloth
‘’BASIC EMBROIDERY
TOOLS AND
MATERIALS’’
CREWEL NEEDLE
- Is a kind of needle with a
large eye and a sharp
point.
TAPESTRY NEEDLE
- It has a blunt point used
for whipped and laced
stitches.
EMBROIDERY THREADS
-come in different texture, fiber
content, fiber count, and colors. All
threads used on fabrics must be
colorfast or dye-fast.
-the color of the thread should
complement or blend well with the
color and texture of the fabric to be
embroidered.
EMBROIDERY SCISSORS
-are usually made out of stainless
steel. They are small and sharp
scissors used to trim the back of
embroidery and cut the thread or
fabric.
TAMBOUR or HOOP
- Embroidery can be done without a
frame, but if delicate and intricate
designs on fabrics are wanted, then
a tambour or hoop is
recommended.
- It has an adjustable screw or spring
to fit over smaller frame.
NEEDLE THREADER
- Is usually made out of steel wire. It
is bent into diamond shape and is
attached to a handle. Needle
threader is used for threading small
needles.
THIMBLE
- Is a small, bell-shaped implement
designed to cover and protect the
middle finger when sewing.
STILETTO
- Is used to make an eyelet (a small
hole) or to enlarge a hole in the
fabric. This will enable the sewing
needle to pass through the fabric.
“BASIC EMBROIDERY
STITCHES”
RUNNING STITCH
- Also known as straight stitch, running
stitch is the most simple or basic hand
sewing stitch. It is done by passing the
needle in and out of the fabric with the
stitches having the same length on both
sides.
LACED RUNNING STITCH

- This stitch can be effective using


contrasting yarn, so as to give pleasing
wavy effect. This is done by threading in
and out of the running stitches without
passing the fabric.
BACK STITCH
- This stitch is often used in outlining backwork
embroidery. It is made by passing the needle
through to the right side of the fabric and making
a small stitch backwards. Bringing back the
needle in front of the first stitch and making
another stitch backwards can make a continuous
line.
CABLE STITCH
- This kind of stitch in embroidery produces a
twisted, ropelike design. This mimics knotwork
and braid on the surface of the fabric and is
done this way:
Step1: Work lower stitch from left to right, and then
on the upperside;
Step2: Repeat step 1 several times to complete a
row of cable stitches.
STEM STITCH

- This stitch is done by making a slope stitch


along the line of the design, and then taking
the needle back and bringing it through again
about halfway along the previous stitch.
CHAIN STITCH

- This kind of stitch is popular stitch used for


outlining. It is best for filling in an area.
CHEVRON STITCH

- This stitch is a wider form of back stitch that


creates a zigzag design. It is done by working
on two parallel lines where thread in the base
line is below the needle while the thread in the
top line is above the needle.
HERRINGBONE STITCH

- This embroidery stitch is an overlapping stitch


ideal for borders.
SATIN STITCH

- This stitch is ideal for covering a design area


where long, straight stitches are much closer
together or without gap.
RUNNING STITCH
LACED RUNNING STITCH
BACK STITCH
CABLE STITCH
STEM STITCH
CHAIN STITCH
CHEVRON STITCH
HERRINGBONE STITCH
SATIN STITCH