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INVESTIGATION OF PAVEMENT

ROAD
BENKELMAN BEAM (BB) TEST
TO CONSIST :
• PRESURE with specific load (standard load is
abolished/ diketahui nilainya) with media pneumatic
wheel, against (terhadap) of layer pavement system.
• During is loadding, the vertikal movement is analysed
and recorded (usually for ready pavement/
perkerasan yang sudah jadi)
• The Meaning :
• To find deflection data from load to pavement
system is used to value pavement system (research ,
technique design, implementation & maintenance)
Checking Method :
• Measuring Static Rebound Deflection
• ORIENTATION MEASURING :
• - Assessment structural pavement
• - Compared characteristic structural
pavement
• - Prediction of pavement performance.
• - Design technique (overlay, thickness
pavement)
Important Term :
• Load Center : point at surface pavement exactly is below
behind axle load line (di bawah garis sumbu gandar belakang)
& exactly in the middle dual wheel checker truck / ban ganda
truk pemeriksa
• Deflection : Vertical displacement / movement surface
condition due to load impact.
• Maximum Deflection : Maximum vertical movement road
surface due to load impact.
• Rebound Deflection : Vertical rebound deflection road surface
is impacted there isn’t load / nothing laod.
• Residual Deflection : Dispute/selisih between maximum
deflection and rebound deflection.
• Partial Deflection : dispute between maximum & deflection at
load center point 0,30 – 0,40 m from contact point Benkelman
Beam bar.
CHECKER TRUCK
BENKELMAN BEAM TOOL :
Deflection Measure
INVESTIGATION POINT :
TERMOMETER :
Checked Benkelman Beam at location Survey
(Road Type 2 Line)
• a X x
• X x
b
x
• x

100 m 100 m
b a
≤ 5,0 Road Type 1 lane
5,50 0,80
7,00 0,80
8,00 0,80
≥ 8,50 Road type 3 lane, x : position point of survey
pemeriksaan
Deflection Point of Survey :
• Considered unted
d = :2 (d3 – d1). ft. C

• By :
d : Rebound deflection (mm)
d1 : Initial deflectian
d2 : Between deflection
d3 : Finish delection
C : Factor influence soil water (C = 1 critic & C=
1,5 non critic)
ft : Adjust temperature factor t1, dengan
t1 = (tp + tt + tb)/3
Phase Counting of Overlay Design :
• Rebound deflection Method :
• 1. Determine AADT / LHR
• 2. Determine accumulative traffic design / LL rencana (total
lane, vehicle type) (table, page 10)
• 3. Count total accumulative average daily from equivalent
18 KIP (8,16 ton) single axle load from each vehicle type
with suitable factor (table, page 41)
• 4. Determine design life factor (table 43)
• 5. Determine traffic accumulative during design life
– AE 18 KSAL = 365 x N x {Jumlah(m x UE 18 KSAL) , start passenger car
until truck trailler}
• 6. Basicly AE 18 KSAL, inputing to graph is given
accept deflection / lendutan ijin (page 48 or 49)
• 7. Basicly accept rebound deflection & occur deflection ,
overlay found (halm 50)
PERHITUNGAN UMUR SISA JALAN :
1. Basicly rebound deflection, inputing to graph
(halm 48 atau 49), found AE18 KSAL (accept)
2. Determine design life factor.
N = AE 18 KSAL (accept) / 365 x
{accumulative (m x UE 18 KSAL) mulai
mobil penumpang s/d truck trailler}
3. Determine residual life of road (n) in years
n = {Log (2 N + 2/R +1) – Log (2/R +1)} /
Log (R +1)
Notes :
N : Design life factor
AE 18 KSAL : Accumulative Equivalent 18 Kip
Single Axleload
UE18 KSAL : Unit Equivalent 18 Kip Single
Axleload
365 : Total days in 1 year
m : Total each traffic type
R : Growth rate of traffic
Determine tt dan tb :
Determine Factor design life
Adjusment Factor Correction Rebound Deflection
Graph connection AE 18 KSAL VS Rebound
Deflection (Road non hot mix)
Graph connection AE 18 KSAL VS Rebound
Deflection (Road with non hot mix)
Graph between Rebound & Thickness AC :