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Water Act
RA 9275
Philippine Clean Water Act
• Philippine Clean Water Act (RA 9275)
was enacted on March , 2004 and
published on April 21 ,2004 and
subsequently took effect on May 6,
Philippine Clean Water Act
• Implementing Rules and Regulations
of the PCWA of 2004 was approved
the Secretary on May 16, 2005 and
published last May 26, 2005 under
DAO 2005-10 series of 2005 (Manila
Times and Manila Standard Today)
• As early as 1996, monitory of the country’s rivers showed
that only 51% of the classified rivers still met the
standards for their most beneficial use. The rest were
polluted from domestic, industrial and agricultural
• Most studies point to the fact that domestic wastewater is
the principal cause of organic pollution (at 48%) of our
water bodies. Yet, only 3% of investments in water supply
and sanitation were going to sanitation and sewage
• A recent World Bank report pointed out that Metro
Manila was second to the lowest in sewer connections
among major cities in Asia and less that 7% compared to
20% for Kathmandu, Nepal and 30% for Dhaka,
• Thirty-one percent (31%) of all illnesses in the country
are attributed to polluted waters. Clearly, to ensure access
to clean water for all Filipinos, it was imperative that
government put together a comprehensive strategy to
protect water quality.
The Act prohibits:
• Discharging or depositing any water pollutant to the water body,
or such which will impede natural flow in the water body
• Discharging, injecting or allowing to enter into the soil, anything
that would pollute groundwater
• Operating facilities that discharge regulated water pollutants
without the valid required permits
• Disposal of potentially infectious medical waste into sea by
The Act prohibits:
• Unauthorized transport or dumping into waters or sewage sludge
or solid waste
• Transport, dumping or discharge of prohibited chemicals,
substances or pollutants listed under Toxic Chemicals, Hazardous
and Nuclear Wastes Control Act (Republic Act No. 6969)
• Discharging regulated water pollutants without the valid required
discharge permit pursuant to this Act
• Noncompliance of the LGU with the Water Quality Framework
and Management Area Action Plan
The Act prohibits:
• Refusal to allow entry, inspection and monitoring as well as
access to reports and records by the DENR in accordance with
this Act
• Refusal or failure to submit reports and/or designate pollution
control officers whenever required by the DENR in accordance
with this Act
• Directly using booster pumps in the distribution system or
tampering with the water supply in such a way to alter or impair
the water quality
The Act prohibits:
• Operate facilities that discharge or allow to seep,
willfully or through grave negligence, prohibited
chemicals, substances, or pollutants listed under R.A.
No. 6969, into water bodies
• Undertake activities or development and expansion
of projects, or operating wastewater
treatment/sewerage facilities in violation of P.D.
1586 and its IRR.
Answer the following:
1. How important is the Philippine Clean Water
2. What impacts are expected when the
Philippine Clean Water Act is complied with?
3. Do you think the Philippine Clean Water Act
is being taken into effect? Defend answer.