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Normative

Ethics
Part 2
Hello
everyone!
We are down to the
last day of our Digital
Week.
Last time, I asked you to immerse yourself in the
Utilitarian framework.

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Again, Utilitarianism is an
ethical framework which
* asserts that...
An action is right if it tends to produce the greatest amount
of utility for the greatest number of people.

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So the important
thing is to look at
the...
RESULTS!
RESULTS!
RESULTS!
RESULTS!
RESULTS! 4
This makes
Utilitarianism
consequence-
based.

Hence,
CONSEQUENTIALISM.
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Now, we go to
other frameworks.

For this Digital Day, may I


ask you to watch ~*Crash
Course*~ videos about
other frameworks,
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P.S.
Sorry again for
making you watch
these. I know I should
be the one discussing
this to you but my
PowerPoint last time
nga which used an
audio recording lang
ay super tagal nang i-
upload. What more
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We’ll process them
when we meet next
week--after your
presentations. We’ll
be applying them
using moral dilemmas.

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P.S.
AGAIN
We’ll have a quiz (Quiz
3) about the videos on
December 19 - 20
because I will not be
able to meet you then
na.

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Deontological
Ethics
Comes from the Greek word “deontos” meaning
“duty”
Intent-based Framework
Key point: Intent = Duty 11
Watch
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Teleological
Ethics
Comes from the Greek word “telos” meaning “end”
Character-based Framework
Key point: Right actions -> Virtues -> Eudaimonia
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Watch
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Contractarian
EthicsLaw-based Framework
Key point: Social Contract -> Law; So, Legal=Moral

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Watch
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Natural Law
Ethics
Nature-based Framework
Key point: Human nature = Moral; Against Human nature
= Immoral
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Watch
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For Aquinas, to resolve
dilemmas in accordance to
the Natural Law, he proposes
the Principle of Double
Effect.

Watch here.

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So again..

◉ Utilitarianism
○ Look at the consequences of the action
○ The more the utility/pleasure/happiness, the
more morally right the action is
○ Intentions? Don’t mater.
○ Legality? Doesn’t matter.
○ Doer? Doesn’t matter.

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So again..

◉ Deontological Ethics
○ Look at the motivation/intent of the action
○ The more the action is done out of duty, not
simply in line with duty, the more morally right
the action is.
○ Refer to the formulations of the Categorical
Imperative
○ Consequences? Don’t matter.
○ Legality? Well, it matters (will explain in class)
○ Doer? It kind of matters.
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So again..

◉ Teleological Ethics
○ Look at the character of the doer
○ The more the action is done in line with
virtue, the more right the action is.
○ The action has to be right in all aspects i.e.
time, place, intent, results, manner, etc.
(will explain in class)

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So again..

◉ Contractarian Ethics
○ Look at the legality of the action
○ Moral actions have to comply with the laws
of the land because SoCiAl c0nTrAcT

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So again..

◉ Natural Law Ethics


○ Look at the nature of the person
○ Is the action in line, a result, and/or a
promotion of that nature?
○ If YES, then it’s moral!
○ For dilemmas, refer to the criteria of the
Principle of Double Effect.

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So that’s
all for
today.
But before you end
this, kindly watch this
as well as an
assignment of some
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Announceme
nt
For those who
undertook the bonus
activity, please do not
forget to submit it
within today (under the
Links! folder). Thank
you! 26
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