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(SPANISH PERSPECTIVE)

MUTINY
• A rebellion against authority comes from
old verb “mutine” which means “revolt”
CAVITE MUTINY

• Uprising of military personnel of Fort San Felipe


(the spanish arsenal in Cavite, Philippines) on
January 20, 1872
• Around 200 soldiers and laborers rose up in the
belief that it would elevate to a national uprising.
The mutiny was unsuccessfuland government
soldiers executed many of the participants
THE MARTYRDOM OF THE
THREE PRIEST
GOMBURZA
• Collective name of the three martyred priest
• Tagged as the masterminds of the cavite mutiny
• They were prominent Filipino priests charged with
treason and sedition
• The spanish clergy connected the priests to mutiny
as part of a conspiracy to stifle the movement of
the secular priests who desired to have their own
parishes instead of being assistants to the regular
friars
In the spaniards account
• 1872 was premidated, a part of a big conspiracy
among educated leaders, mestizos, lawyers and
residents of manila and cavite ( they allegedly plan
to liquidate high-ranking spanish officers then kill
friars)
• January 20, 1872
- the district of sampaloc celebrated the feast of
the virgin Loreto, came with it were some
fireworks display. The Cavitenos mistook this
signal to commence with the attack
• 200 men was led by Sergeant Lamadrid attacked
the spanish officers at sight and seized the arsenal
• Izquierdo, upon learning the attack, ordered
reinforcement of the spanish forces in Cavite to
quell the revolt
• The revolution eas easily crushed when Manilenos
who were expected to aid the Cavitenos didn't
arrive
• In result, leaders of the plot were killed
• Father Gomez, Burgos, Zamora were tried by a
court-martial and sentenced to be executed
• Others who were implicated such as Joaquin Pardo
De Tavera, Antonio Ma. Regidor, Jose Basa, Pio
Basa and other Filipino lawyers were suspended
from the practice of law, arrested and sentenced to
life imprisonment at the Marianas Island
• On February 17, 1872 the Gomburza were
executed by garrote in public serve as a threat to
Filipinos never to attempt to fight the spaniards
again, This is a scene purpotedly witnessed by a
young Jose Rizal
• Account of Jose Montero y Vidal
• Account of Governor- General Rafael
Izquierdo y Gutierrez
Account of Jose Montero y Vidal
• Spanish historian
• His account centered on how the event was an
attempt in overthrowing the spanish government in
the Philippines
• His account on mutiny was criticized as woefully
biased
Account of Governor- General Rafael Izquierdo y
Gutierrez

• Implicated that the native clergy, who were active


in the movement toward secularization of parishes
• In a biased report, he highlighted the attempt to
overthrow the spanish government in the
Philippines to install a new “hari” in the persons of
Father Burgos and Zamora
• According to him, native clergy attracted
supporters by giving them charismatic assurance
that their fight would not fail because they had
God's support, aside from promises of lofty awards
such as employment,wealth and ranks in the army