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Group 6

TRACTION POWER
AND POWER SUPPLY
Traction power system types

The system which use electrical power for traction system i.e.
for railways, trams, trolleys, etc. is called electrical traction. The
track electrification refers to the type of source supply system
that is used while powering the electric locomotive systems. It
can be AC or DC or a composite supply.

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Traction power system types
An AC traction system has become very popular nowadays, and it is more often used
in most of the traction systems due to several advantages, such as quick availability
and generation of AC that can be easily stepped up or down, easy controlling of AC
motors, less number of substations requirement, and the presence of light overhead
catenaries that transfer low currents at high voltages, and so on.

ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
Fewer substations are required. Significant cost of electrification.
Lighter overhead current supply wire can be Increased maintainance cost of lines.
used.
Reduced weight of support structure. Overhead wires further limit clearance in
tunnels
Reduced capital cost of electrification. Upgrading needs additional cost especially in
case there are brigdes and tunnels.
Railway traction needs immune power with no
cuts.
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Traction power system types
The choice of selecting DC electrification system encompasses many advantages,
such as space and weight considerations, rapid acceleration and braking of DC
electric motors, less cost compared to AC systems, less energy consumption and so
on.
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
Fewer substations are required. Significant cost of electrification.
Lighter overhead current supply wire can be Increased maintainance cost of lines.
used.
Reduced weight of support structure. Overhead wires further limit clearance in
tunnels
Reduced capital cost of electrification. Upgrading needs additional cost especially in
case there are brigdes and tunnels.
Railway traction needs immune power with no
cuts.
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Traction power design decisions for the
future of the overall transport network

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Traction power design decisions for the
future of the overall transport network
• THE LOAD
● Electrical traction loads are very particular:
○ The loads change spatiotemporally
○ The loads curves change quickly and can become
temporary generators
○ Some randomness in power profile:
■ Driving styles
■ Weather
■ Traffic Congestions
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Traction power design decisions for the
future of the overall transport network

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Traction power design decisions for the
future of the overall transport network

• THE LOAD

● The minimum time driving (MTD) consists of


driving the train as fast as possible, while
satisfying the constraints
○ Accelerate (how much)
○ Brake (how much)
○ Coast
○ Maintain the speed
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CONTACT SYSTEM

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RETURN SYSTEM

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