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Current Issues and Policies in Education

Frequently encountered VIOLENCE AGAINST TEACHERS


references

Dear Melody
importance
definition
suggestion

Fryda Elvara I
effect

Ruth Trianggi
Syeren Christin B

State University of Jakarta


2019
Frequently encountered
references

importance
suggestions

definition
Violence directed against teachers is a
effect

serious problem that demands the


immediate attention of researchers,
school administrations, community
leaders and policymakers.
Violence is defined as any form of physical
and/or emotional abuse, and also unfair
treatment of people, which results in real or
Frequently encountered
suggestions

potential danger for their health and dignity,


references

importance
definition
i.e. harming their reputation (According to
effect

WHO - World Health Organization, 2006; Bilić


et al., 2012).
The Triangle Violence the Norwegian sociologist Johan
Galtung (1969’s)

Frequently encountered
Direct or
Personal
references
suggestions

importance
definition
Violence Cultural or
Symbolic
effect

Violence

Structural or
Indirect
Violence
The direct violence against teachers that is
frequently encountered
The direct violence against teacher has
suggestions
references

encountered
definition
found in four studies.

importance
Frequently
effect

Physical abuse is the violence against


teachers that is frequently encountered,
followed with verbal abuse, psychological
harm, and sexual abuse.
The direct violence against teachers that is
frequently encountered (cont…)

Study Verbal Physical Psychological Sexual


suggestions
references

encountered
definition
importance
Frequently
effect

A 73% 44% - 73%

B - 9% - 7%

C - 44,4% 44,8% -

D 23,1% 46,2% 30,7% -


The effect of the direct violence on teachers

Violence against teacher has adverse effects

Frequently encountered
references
suggestions

definition
including personal and professional

importance
effect
(Gerberich et al, 2011; Wilson et al, 2011).
The effect of the direct violence on teachers
(cont…)

Frequently encountered
Study Personal influence Professional influence
suggestions
references

definition
importance
effect
A  
D  
E  
F  
Suggestions
• Educational authorities should be

Frwquently encountered
supportive and eliminate the violation
references

suggestions

importance
against teacher.

definition
effect
• Focus on the policies and prevention taken
by the school administrator

•Better understanding of the system of the


policies and prevention program so that it
will improve the educational system.
References
• Bobichand, R. (2012, July 31). Understanding Violence Triangle and Structural Violence. Retrieved from Imphal Free Press:
https://www.ifp.co.in/page/items/8197/8197-understanding-violence-triangle-and-structural-violence/
• Coetzee, Annika. (2017). Workplace violence against educators in private and public secondary schools in Pretoria, Gauteng: a comparative
investigation (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
• Galtung, J. (1969). VIOLENCE, PEACE, AND PEACE RESEARCH. Journal of Peace Research, 167-191.
• Galtung, J. (1990). Cultural Violence. Journal of Peace Research, 27(3), 291-305. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/423472
• Garrett, Lynda. (2014). The Student Bullying of Teachers: An Exploration of the Nature of the Phenomenon and the Ways in which it is
Experienced by Teachers. The online postgraduate journal of the College of Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences.
• Grobler W, Gertruida. (2018). Narratives of Teachers’ Experiences of School Violence and Ethics of Care (Unpublished master’s thesis).
Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
• Kanrich, Jaclyn. (2015). Violence Directed Against Educators: A Critical Review of Findings and Methodology (Unpublished doctoral
dissertation). State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
• Keane, J. (2002, January 19). The Triangle of Violence. Retrieved from JOHN KEANE: http://www.johnkeane.net/the-triangle-of-violence/
• Linda A. Reddy, Dorothy Espelage, Susan D. McMahon, Eric M. Anderman, Kathleen Lynne Lane, Veda Evanell Brown, Cecil R. Reynolds,
Abraham Jones & Jaclyn Kanrich. (2013). Violence Against Teachers: Case Studies from the APA Task Force. International Journal of School
& Educational Psychology, 1:4, 231-245, DOI: 10.1080/21683603.2013.837019.
• Lokmic Maja, Opic Sinisa, Bilic Vesna. (2013). Violence Against Teachers- Rule or Exception?. International Journal of Cognitive Research in
science, engineering and education, 1:2.
• 'Triangle of Violence' according to Johan Galtung. (n.d.). Retrieved from Academy of Conflict transformation: http://transform-
me.forumzfd.de/exercise/galtung
THANK
YOU
Any question?