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• An open rebellion against the proper authorities,

especially by soldiers or sailors against their officers.
• “Paghihimagsik o Pag-aalsa” in Filipino.

• January 20, 1872


• Fort San Felipe in Cavite City, Philippines

Rafael de Izquierdo

Imposing of:

3 Martyr Priest:
Mariano Gomez,
Jose Apolonio Burgos,
Jacinto Zamora
*killed because of
their religious beliefs.
Why its two faces of cavite

• Because there are two Perspectives in the Cavite Mutiny, these are:

• The Philippine Perspective

• The Spanish Perspective
Text Organization

The Philippine Perspective of Cavite Mutiny

• 1872, the Philippines were still under Spanish control, and things went awry
when the Spanish Governor-General (Rafael de Izquierdo) introduced a new
reforms including a tax of Filipinos serving in the Army, requiring them to
pay a tax for their service and force them into labour.
• When the soldiers received their pay with the new tax taken out, all hell
broke out as they were furious with the change. At Fort San Filipe (which
was the Spanish arsenal in Cavite province in the Philippines), the soldiers
began their uprising. 200 Philippine soldiers proceeded to take the entire fort
killing eleven Spanish soldiers in the process.
• By late January, the Philippine Governor had sentenced 41 of the mutineers
to death, with 11 more added a week later, but the latter order turned into
life imprisonment.
• Over the next month the Spanish were relentless in the pursuit of rounding
up any and all who were involved in assisting the soldiers with their uprising,
which included three local priests(GomBurZa), who were executed by
garrote in late February.
The Spanish Perspective of Cavite Mutiny
• Attempt of the Indios to overthrow the Spanish government in the
• Gov. Gen. Rafael Izquierdo reported to the King of Spain that the “rebels”
wanted to overthrow the Spanish government to install a new “hari” in the
likes of Fathers Gomez, Burgos and Zamora.
• The GOMBURZA were executed. This event was tragic but served as one
of the moving forces that shaped Filipino nationalism.
The gomburza
• After the mutiny, all filipino mutineers was disarmed by the spanish
government, then they thrown away in the mindanao. The supporters of the
mutineers was arrested and executed too. Lot of people was also implicated
because of the rebellion, including the GOMBURZA. The Spanish
Government used this as a reason involving the three Filipino priest because
of their intent to change the reform of the country. After the suspicious
investigation, the Spanish Government executed the three martyr priest in
the Bagumbayan(Rizal Park) on February 17,1872 by the use of “Garrote”.

A Spanish method of punishment and

torture. ... The term “vile garrote”
also came turned up in Spain as a common
name for this form of punishment.
The most famous variant of the garrote was
a chair with ropes and rings, with locks for
the wrists, forearms, waist and legs
of the dead-man.

• The two faces of cavite mutiny was in a descriptive style

because its describes the possible causes of the rebellion
by showing the both spanish and philippine perspective.
• The purpose of this arguments about the two faces of
Cavite mutiny is to enlightened us what was really
happened on that time, what was the real cause of the
Cavite mutiny, if it is the imposing of tax as stated in
the Philippine perspective ? Or if it is the plan of the
Filipinos to overthrow the Spanish government in the

Dr. Trinidad Hermenigildo Pardo de Tavera

A Filipino scholar and researcher,

wrote the Filipino
version of the bloody incident in Cavite
Jose Montero y Vidal

A prolific Spanish historian that wrote

the Spanish Perspective of Cavite Mutiny