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SPUR GEAR

SPUR GEAR

Definition of Gear
Gear is a toothed wheel which transmits
power and motion from one shaft to another
shaft by means of successive engagement of
teeth.
SPUR GEAR

Classification of Gear
SPUR GEAR

Classification of Gear
SPUR GEAR

Spur Gear Terminology


SPUR GEAR

Spur Gear Terminology


1. Pitch Circle : An imaginary circle, which will contact the
pitch circle of another gear when in mesh.
2. Diameter of Pitch Circle : It is the diameter of the Pitch
Circle. The size of the gear is usually specified by pitch circle
diameter.
3. Module (m) : It is the ratio of pitch circle diameter to number
of teeth. m= d/Z.
4. Addendum : The radial distance from the pitch circle to the
top of the gear tooth .
5. Dedendum : The radial distance from the pitch circle to the
bottom of the tooth.
SPUR GEAR

Spur Gear Terminology


6. Face width : It is the length of the gear measured along
parallel to gear axis.
7. Base Circle : The circle used to form the involute section of
the gear tooth.
8. Circular Pitch : The distance measured along the Pitch circle
from a point of one tooth to the corresponding point on an
adjacent tooth.
9. Backlash : It is the difference between the width of tooth space
and mating gear tooth thickness.
SPUR GEAR

Standard System of Gear Tooth


SPUR GEAR

Force analysis of Gear


SPUR GEAR

Force analysis of Gear


Resultant force or Normal Force (F) : It is the force acting long
along pressure line. The resultant force acting on both driving and
driven gear is equal in magnitude but opposite in direction. It has
two components. Tangential force and Radial force.
1. Tangential Force (Ft) : This force is tangent to pitch circle at
pitch point.
2. Radial Force (Fr) : This force acts in radial direction towards
the center of the gear. It serves no purpose in transmitting the
power.
SPUR GEAR

Modes of Gear Tooth Failure


1. Bending Failure
2. Wear Failure:
1. Pitting
2. Scoring
3. Abrasive wear
4. Corrosive wear
SPUR GEAR

Gear Materials
Desirable Properties of Gear Material:
1. High bending strength.
2. High wear strength.
3. Low coefficient of friction.
4. High thermal conductivity.
The Materials used as Gear Material are
1. Cast irons.
2. Steels.
3. Non ferrous materials.
4. Non- Metals.