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Internet of Things


B C A 6 TH S E M E S T E R
What is Internet of Things??

 The Internet of things (IoT) is the extension

of Internet connectivity into physical devices and
everyday objects.
 Embedded with electronics, Internet connectivity,
and other forms of hardware (such as sensors), these
devices can communicate and interact with others
over the Internet, and they can be remotely
monitored and controlled.
Internet of Things

 An IoT system is a network of networks where,

typically, a massive number of
objects/things/sensors/devices are connected
through communications and information
infrastructure to provide value-added services via
intelligent data processing and management for
different applications (e.g. smart cities, smart
health, smart grid, smart home, smart
transportation, and smart shopping).

 Kevin Ashton first proposed the concept of the

Internet of Things in 1999.
 2000-LG announced plans for the first Internet
 2008-IPSO alliance promoted the use of IP for
connected devices.
 2011-IPv6 launced
 2013-IOT Articles published
Major components of IoT
Things : Smart devices and sensors

 Devices and sensors are the components of the device

connectivity layer. These smart sensors are continuously
collecting data from the environment and transmit the
information to the next layer.
 Common sensors are:
*Temperature sensors and thermostats
*Pressure sensors
*Humidity / Moisture level
*Light intensity detectors
*Moisture sensors
*Proximity detection
*RFID tags
How the devices are connected?

Most of the modern smart devices and sensors can

be connected to low power wireless networks like
Wi-Fi, ZigBee, Bluetooth, Z-wave, LoRAWAN etc…
Each of these wireless technologies has its own pros
and cons in terms of power, data transfer rate and
overall efficiency.

 Gateway are used to control the devices, sensors, to

collect their data and send data to next stage.
 Gateways can be configured to perform pre-
processing of the collected data from thousands of
sensors locally before transmitting it to the next

 Internet of things creates massive data from devices,

applications and users which has to be managed in
an efficient way. IoT cloud offers tools to collect,
process, manage and store huge amount of data in
real time. Industries and services can easily access
these data remotely and make critical decisions when

 Analytics is the process of converting analog data

from billions of smart devices and sensors into useful
insights which can be interpreted and used for
detailed analysis. Smart analytics solutions are
inevitable for IoT system for management and
improvement of the entire system
User Interface

 User interfaces are the visible, tangible part of the

IoT system which can be accessible by users.
Designers will have to make sure a well designed
user interface for minimum effort for users and
encourage more interactions.
Applications of IoT
 Smart Home
 the most important and efficient application that
stands out is the smart home, ranking the highest IoT
applications on all channels.

 Wearable Devices
Every year, consumers all across the globe await the release
of the latest Apple smartwatch. Apart from this, there are
plenty of other wearable devices that make our life easy,
such as the Sony Smart B Trainer, LookSee bracelet, or the
Myo gesture control.
 Connected Cars
The automotive digital technology has focused on
optimizing vehicles internal functions. But now, this
attention is growing towards enhancing the in-car
experience. A connected car is a vehicle which is able to
optimize it’s own operation, maintenance as well as comfort
of passengers using onboard sensors and internet
 Smart Cities
Smart city is another powerful application of IoT
generating curiosity among world’s population.
Smart surveillance, automated transportation,
smarter energy management systems, water
distribution, urban security and environmental
monitoring all are examples of internet of things
applications for smart cities.
 IOT in Healthcare
 Connected healthcare yet remains the sleeping giant
of the Internet of Things applications. The concept of
connected healthcare system and smart medical
devices bears enormous potential not just for
companies, but also for the well-being of people in
Thank You