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The Article

Артикль
Literature
• 1.Вейхман Г.А. Новое в грамматике современно-
го английского языка. – М:Астрель, 2006. – 542с.
• 2. Каушанская В.Л.A Grammar of the English
Language . –6-е изд. - М.: Айрис-пресс, 2012. – 384с.
– на англ.яз.
• 3.Добронецкая Э.Г. Грамматические трудности
английского языка. – 3-е изд. – Казань: Изд-во КГУ,
2001. – 180с.
• 4.Качалова К.Н.Практическая грамматика
английского языка с упражнениями и ключами. –
СПб.: КАРО, 2012. – 608с.
• 5. Крылова И.П.Грамматика современного
английского языка. -6-е изд.. – М.:»Университет»,
2000.- 448с – на англ.яз.
1.Употребление неопределенного
артикля
Ситуация Пример

Неизвестный предмет упоминается Show me a map of Russia.


впервые

Имеется в виду любой предмет A child can understand it.


данного класса лиц или предметов

С существительными, обозначающими
занятие профессию, т.е. кем или чем He is a doctor.
является лицо или предмет, о котором
идет речь She works as a teacher.
I want to be an engineer.
My brother is a schoolboy.
Употребление неопределенного
артикля
Wait a minute!
Со значением числительного one в I did not say a word.
количественном значении We have three lessons a week.

I have bought a kilo of sugar.


С существительными, представляющими A rose is a lovely flower.
весь класс предметов собирательно как I wear a hat in summer.
одно целое
A dog is an animal.

В восклицательных предложениях, What a nice day! What a good idea!


начинающихся с what HO: What fine weather!
(неисчисляемое существительное)
2.Определенный артикль
The Definite Article
• The Definite Article
• Определенный артикль происходит от
указательного местоимения that и означает
этот, эта, это. Определенный артикль
показывает, что речь идет об определенном
предмете или лице, уже известном
собеседнику, или о том, который уже
упоминался раньше. Определенный артикль
— артикль индивидуализирующий.
Употребление определенного
артикля
Ситуация Пример

Когда указан признак предмета или


лица, The letter is on the table.
отличающего его от всех других лиц Where are the keys?
или
The water in the pool is cold.
предметов того же класса
Show me the telegram you received
yesterday.
Из ситуации или контекста ясно, Will you open the door?
о каком лице или предмете идет речь I like the boy.
Switch off the light, please.
Когда лицо или предмет, названный I bought a new dress yesterday. The dress is
nice.
ранее, вновь упоминается в разговоре
Употребление определенного
артикля
\
Существительное выражает The radio was invented by A. Popov.
собирательный образ всего класса The potato was brought to Europe from
America.
Перед прилагательными и
There is one special school for the blind
причастиями, употребляющимися в
in my city.
значении существительных
The young came to help the old.
С существительными, обозначающими The moon rose late.
предметы, которые являются The earth moves round the sun.
единственными в мире или в данных During a storm the captain must be on
Условиях deck.
С существительными, определяемыми What's the latest news?
прилагательными в превосходной My flat is on the second floor.
степени или порядковыми This is the oldest building in Moscow.
числительными
Articles with some nouns of time
Артикль с существительными,
обозначающими время
in the morning утром
in the daytime днем
in (the) spring весной
during the winter во время зимы, в течение
зимы, зимой
in the late autumn поздней осенью
all through the night всю ночь
in the dead of night в глубине ночи
Articles with some numerals
Артикль с числительными
the first part = Part One Peter I = Peter the First
the tenth chapter = Chapter
10 Elizabeth II= Elizabeth the Second
the fifth exercise = Exercise 5 World War I = the First World War
t he eleventh room = Room 11
3(rd) January 1998= World II = the Second World
the third of January 1998 War
in 2000 = in the year two in200 3= in the year two thousand
thousand and three
the fifteenth lesson is easier
than the sixteenth.
some nouns of place
Артикли с существительными,
обозначающими место
We do a lot of things in class: we The class couldn't explain Michael's
read, write, and speak English. behaviour.
How is your brother getting on at The school she goes to now is better
school? than the old one.
School starts at 8.30. The school is round the corner.
We leave home in the morning and The man was happy to see the old
come home in the evening. home.
Ann is in town. She often goes to Mary left the town only when she went
town to do some shopping. on holiday.
People go to work five days a week. The work he's doing is rather hard.
He is a lecturer at Oxford The University of Oxford is one of
University. oldest in the world.
The use of the definite article before
some geographical and proper names
Определенный артикль с
некоторыми географическими
названиями и именами
собственными
the United Kingdom, the USA,
States, territories, and regions
the Congo, the Netherlands,
the North Pole, the East, the West.
the Middle East, the Ukraine.
the Ruhr, the Crimea, the Caucasus

Seas, oceans, rivers, and islands the Black Sea, the Baltic Sea. the
Azores, the Thames, the Volga, the
Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the
Atlantic (Ocean), the Suez Canal, the
Bermuda, the Mississippi (River), the
Pacific (Ocean)

Mountains, hills, archipelagoes


the Alps, the Urals, the Cheviot Hills,
the Appalachians, the Rocky
Mountains, the Andes, the Himalayas,
the Kurils, the Canaries

Theatres, cinemas, galleries, hotels,


the Bolshoi Theatre, the Odeon
Museums
(cinema), the Pushkin Museum, the
Tretyakov Gallery, the Tate (Gallery),
the British Museum, the Metropol Hotel

Deserts
The Gobi, the Sahara Desert, the
Kara-Kum, the Kalahari
Proper names and high rank persons William the Conqueror, Ivan the
Terrible, Alfred the Great, the Tsar
Peter the Great, The Baron Munchausen,
the Emperor Napoleon, the Prince of Wales
Political and state The Kremlin, the House of Commons,
institutions the House of Lords, the Houses of
Parliament, the Senate, the Shadow
Cabinet, the State Department, the
Foreign Ministry, the Army, the
Government, the Navy, the Royal
Family
Organizations, newspapers the United Nations, the BBC, the FBI,
and political the General Electric Company, the Bell
parties Telephone Company, the Financial
Times, the Moscow News, the Times,
the Observer, the Sun, the Star, the
Labour Party, the Republican Party, the
Socialist Party
Unique objects and
the atmosphere, the cosmos, the Earth,
phenomena
the equator, the east, the west, the
north, the south, the galaxy, the globe,
the ground, the horizon, the
Hemisphere, the Milky Way, the world,
agreement, the
management)
Article istheused
for the better-for in the expressions
In the street In the habit of

Артикль употребляется в следующих


worse

выражениях
On the one hand -On In the sun In the market
the other hand

For the best of In the open air In the event of

In the main In the country To the right (left)

Not in the least In the direction of To the north, south,


west, east (of)

Under the title At the end On the contrary


(heading)

All of a sudden At the expense (of) For the purpose of


3.No article is used
Без артикля употребляются
Названия школ, Salisbury Grammar School, Carnegie
колледжей, College, Surrey University, Oxford
университетов
University
Улицы, площади, Regent Street, Bond Street, Tverskaya
парки Street, Broadway, Charing Cross Road, Trafalgar
Square, Gorky Park, St. James Park
Ho: the Mall, the Strand, the Wall Street, the High
Street
Названия станций
аэропортов, мостов Victoria Station, Domodedovo (airport), Gatwick,
Waterloo Bridge,
London Bridge
Названия церквей,
соборов, приходов St.Paul's, St.Peter's, St.Basil's Cathedral, Trinity
Church, Westminster Abbey
Названия месяцев и
дней недели February, May, August, October, Sunday, Monday,
Friday
Названия языков Danish, German, English, French
Ho: the English language, the Russian language
Dау bv day By hand On land
Side by side By half On business
From time to time By heart On credit
From head to foot By fax, by post In return
From start to finish By mistake In advance
From hand to mouth By name In sight
From morning till On deck In time
night On foot In bed
Under lock and key On sale At work
By accident On terms At hand
By car, by train, by On condition that At home
air
By chance On account of At last
• 0. What … important news! - … news is really important. Thank
you for … information.
• 1.He went down … road to… library and came … home with … new
edition about … Amazon.
• 2.He has made … great progress since … beginning of … term.
• 3.Suddenly round … corner of … house … group of … men appeared.
• 4.They were discussing it after … supper, when ... children were in …
bed.
• 5. He took them for … ride at … twilight. Then he bought them … ice
and they returned to … school.
• 6. He spend … part of … afternoon telling them … news he could not
tell them by …telephone.
• 7. … book was about the author’s wanderings in … interior of …
Cyprus.
• 8. … two houses were only … few miles apart, but in … society …
distance was great.
• 9.What … fine weather we’re having! Let’s go to …town by … 8
o’clock train.
• 10. During …twenties …Cambridge University was … center of …
experimental physics for … world.

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