Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

Lifestyle Diseases That

Take Lives
Prepared By: Raffy L. Reynolds
Lifestyle Diseases That Take Lives
 What is
a. Allergy
b. Asthma
c. Cardiovascular Diseases
d. Cancer
e. Diabetes
Other Non-Communicable Diseases
1. Arthritis
2. Renal Failure
Asthma
 It is a respiratory disease that is
characterized by weak and sensitive
lungs that easily react to triggers.
 ALLERGIC ASTHMA is the most
common type of asthma in which
allergen like pollen, dust, mold, or
smoke enters the respiratory tract.
 The Signs and Symptoms of asthma
include the following
a. Coughing
b. Wheezing
c. Difficulty Breathing
Cardiovascular Diseases

 This are diseases of the


heart and the blood
vessels.
a. Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis

 Arteriosclerosis a general
term that refers to
conditions that involve
the thickening of the
arteries.
 Atherosclerosis is an
example of
arteriosclerosis where in
fat is deposited on artery
walls.
b. Heart Attack
 Myocardial Infraction (MI) is
another term for Heart Attack.
This is characterized by the death
of a cardiac muscle due to lack of
blood flow to the heart.
 Some symptoms of this disease
include uneasiness in the center
of the chest, light headedness,
sweating, nausea, and breathing
difficulty.
c. Angina Pectoris
 When coronary arteries
become narrow, the heart
muscle will not get the
sufficient amount of blood
that it needs. When this
happens, a person may
experience chest pain. A
person who has angina
pectori may also
experience discomfort in
the neck, jaw, back or arm.
d. Congestive Heart failure
 This condition affects the
chambers of the heart. This
occur when the heart’s
pumping ability is inefficient
due to fluids that enter the
organ. Congestive heart
failure may be caused by
other conditions of the
cardiovascular system such
as hypertension or highblood
pressure.
Cancer
 Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the
potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with
benign tumors, which do not spread.
 A TUMOR are the cells may form a mass of tissue.
 A tumor may be classified as BENIGN or MALIGNANT.
 Cells in benign tumor do not spread in other parts of the body. Cells in
malignant tumor may multiply and spread to other parts of the body. This is
when cancer occurs.
 There are many types of cancer, cancer in the skin, prostate, breast, or other
organs in the body where tumors may grow and develop.
Diabetes
 Also known as DIABETES MELLITUS, it is a disease
characterized by the abnormal production of
insulin.
 INSULIN is the hormone that is responsible for
blood sugar regulation. There are three types of
diabetes: TYPE I, TYPE II and GESTATIONAL.
 TYPE I produce little or no insulin. This occurs for
children and young adults. Some symptoms
include frequent urination, increased thirst,
constant hunger, weight loss and blurred vision.
 TYPE II produce insulin that cannot be used by the
cell. This type is occur in adults.
 Female may develop gestational diabetes during
pregnancy. This happens when the body does not
respond to the insulin produced by the pancreas.
OTHER NON-
COMMUNICABLE
DISEASES
Arthritis
 It is the inflammation of the joints.
It is usually characterized by the
swelling in and around the joints
that can cause pain and discomfort.
 OSTEOARTHRITIS is the most
common type of arthritis which is
caused by normal wear and tear of
the cartilage tissue in the joints and
rheumatoid arthritis an autoimmune
disorder that attacks the soft
tissues of the joints.
 Weight loss and healthy weight
maintenance can reduce the risk of
arthritis.
Renal Failure
 Renal Failure occurs when the kidneys
stop working. When the kidney fails, the
removal of waste products and the
balancing of water and salt in blood is
affected.
 Signs and symptoms of this disease
include difficulty in urination, swollen
legs and feet, nausea and vomiting, and
pain at the lower back.
 The risk of renal failure can be
presented by quitting smoke, losing
weight, avoiding salty foods, limiting
alcohol and regular exercises.