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SOCIAL SCIENCE THEORI

ES
Learning Targets
01 Explain the meaning of socialization

Explain the different social sciences


02
theories

Discuss how the social sciences theories


03 affect the education system
SOCIALIZATION
SOCIALIZATION
Is the process of learning the roles, statuses, and valu
es necessary for participation in social institutions.
(Brinkerhoff, D., 1989)
ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION
Role learning that prepares us for future
roles.
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION

Social Group Agents


- Family
- Peer Group
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION
Institutional Agents
- School
- Workplace
- Religion
- Government
- Mass Media
Socialization Key Concepts:
Cultural Patterns: Life skills that transforms a host
ile environment into one that is life-sustaining.

Life Skills:(1) tool or instrument making


(2) adherence to the moral behavior
code of group life and
(3) language
SOCIAL SCIENCE T
HEORIES
SOCIAL SCIENCE THEORIES
1. Structural-functional Theory
2. Conflict Theory
3. Symbolic Interactionist Theory
Structural-functional Theory
Proponent: Herbert Spencer
View of Society: A system of interconnected
parts each with a unique function. The parts
have to work together for stability and balan
ce of society.
Structural-functional Theory
Purpose of Education
1. Intellectual Purposes
2. Political Purposes
3. Economic Purposes
4. Social Purposes
Conflict Theory
Proponent: Karl Marx
View of Society: There are always two
opposing sides in a conflict situation. These
conflicts as a way of establishment of a new
society.
Conflict Theory
Purpose of Education:
1. A powerful means of maintaining power
structures and creating a docile work
force for capitalism.
2. Maintain social inequality.
3. Promote ideals of different classes of
citizens.
Symbolic Interactionist Theory
Proponent: Irving Goffman
View of Society:
1. An individual’s action depends on
meaning.
2. Different people may give different
meaning to the same thing.
3. Meanings change as individuals
interact with one another.
Symbolic Interactionist Theory
Purpose of Education:
1. Teach for meaning.
2. Promoting and creating opportunities for
genuine interaction among students and
teachers.
3. Use of positive symbols to express trust
and belief in our students’ abilities.
Thank you for Participating 