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GBI

What and Why Green Buildings?


1. Green buildings are designed to save energy and resources, recycle materials and
minimise the emission of toxic substances throughout its life cycle,
2. They harmonise with the local climate, traditions, culture and the surrounding
environment, and
3. Green buildings are able to sustain and improve the quality of human life whilst
maintaining the capacity of the ecosystem at local and global levels
4. Green buildings have many benefits, such as better use of building resources,
significant operational savings, and increased workplace productivity
5. Building green sends the right message about a company or organization – that it is
well run, responsible, and committed to the future

PITCHBOOK
Background
Greenhouse gasses and ozone depletion became household words following the Earth
Summit in Rio, 1992. Since then Green building ratings began to be developed in the
1990s with BREEAM (UK, 1990) and later LEED (USA, 1996) being the better known
ones. This was the result of the realization that buildings and the built environment
contributes significantly to green house gas emissions and thus they needed to be re-
designed to reduce their negative impact to the environment.
Green Mark Launched in Singapore, 2005
BREEAM LEED GREEN STAR BCA Green Green
Mark Scheme Building
Index
Launch Date 1990 1998 2003 2005 2009
Pass/Good/Ver One Star/Two Certified, Gold, Certified,
Ratings Certified/Silver
y Good Star/ Three Gold+, Platinum Silver, Gold,
/Excellent/Out / Star/Four Platinum
standing Star/Five Star/
Gold/ Platinum Six Star
Certification BRE USGBC GBCA BCA GBI
Body
Voluntary Voluntary Voluntary Voluntary Mandatory Voluntary
/Mandatory
Number of 116,000 40,379 (36,588 285 Certified, 480 Green 12 certified
building certified, USA + 3388 155 Registered Buildings (4)
(6 non-
registered/ Abroad)(2) (3)
residential)
certified 714,000 (5)
registered (1)
Certification £740-1,500 £133-11,331 £2,015-4,030 £5,296 – £1,014 –
Cost* 11,562** 9,125 (5) **
Validity and Renewal

Rating Tools Year Annual Recertification/


Launched Surveillance Reassessment  

LEED-EBOM 2008a unknown Every 1 to 5


(previously LEED-EB V.1 (2002) Years  
and V2.)
BREEAM- In Use 2009 Only if Every 1-3 years
 
necessary
GREEN STAR Office 2007- n/a n/a
 
Existing building) Pilota
BCA Green Mark 2005b n/a Every 3 years  
Green Building Index May 2009 n/a Every 3 years  
Source: Compiled by authors
a
Yudelson (2010) b BCA (2011)
Rationale for monitoring & renewal
Continuous compliances  Greater confidence in stakeholders
Spot checking increase robustness
Changing behaviour of owner, managers and occupiers.

Challenges
High Costs : Direct (certification ) and indirect (management etc)
Control issue: Ensuring compliances not easy as building involves several
stakeholders
Data capture and management: importance of updated record, good
record keeping
Requires continuous training : training for personnel focussing on their
PITCHBOOK
roles & responsibilities
SAMPLE BUILDINGS
David Brower Center in Berkeley, California

A good example demonstrating the characteristics of a green


building is the David Brower Center in Berkeley, California. The
Center’s design includes:
1. Construction using 53% recycled materials;
2. Photovoltaic panels which will double as a sun shade device;
3. 100% day lighting of all office areas;
4. Collection and reuse of rainwater for irrigation and toilet
flushing;
5. Extremely low energy mechanical systems using radiant heating
and cooling within the building’s concrete structural slabs;
6. Solar shading devices on all south-facing windows;
PITCHBOOK
7. High efficiency lighting with automatic controls to limit use
when adequate daylight is available;
8. Concrete with slag to significantly reduce CO 2 and cement
content, and to increase strength;
9. Vertically post-tensioned structure to minimize potential
damage due to earthquakes;
10.Operable windows and low pressure ventilation via the raised
floor system to maximize indoor air quality;
11. CO2 sensors that call for extra fresh air if required; and
Exterior and interior materials that ensure healthy air quality,
maximize recycled content, avoid off-gassing, and minimize
environmental impacts from production and transportation.
M E N A R A M ES I NI A G A
S U BA NG JAYA , 1 9 9 4
Securities Commission building in Bukit Kiara,
Kuala Lumpur  (1999)
 Low Energy Office (LEO) building in Putrajaya,
Kuala Lumpur (2004)
 Zero Energy Office (ZEO) building in Bandar
Baru Bangi, Selangor (2007)
the Diamond building, in Putrajaya, Kuala
Lumpur.
The Diamond building has a GREEN MARK
Platinum rating from Singapore
GBI KEY CRITERIA
Malaysia’s GBI is customized to suit local conditions – our
climate, current state of development, and existing resources.
The GBI rating is based on six key criteria (generally based on
the LEED certification of USA):
1.Energy Efficiency
2.Indoor Environmental Quality
3.Sustainable Site Planning and Management
4.Materials and Resources
5.Water Efficiency
6.Innovation
The GBI certification process starts with an assessment of the building
design by a certifier appointed by Greenbuildingindex Sdn Bhd. A
Provisional certification is then issued, with the final certification issued
when the completed building has been verified according to the design. To
maintain the certification, the building is reassessed every three years.
Points are given for performance above benchmarks and current industry
practice. Depending on the scores achieved, the buildings will be awarded
one of four types of ratings: Certified, Silver, Gold and Platinum. The
assessment of commercial and residential properties under the GBI rating
tool is based on the six main criteria

HOW DOES GBI WORK?


Energy Efficiency (EE)
Improve energy consumption by optimising building orientation, minimizing
solar heat gain through the building envelope, harvesting natural lighting,
adopting the best practices in building services including use of renewable
energy, and ensuring proper testing, commissioning and regular
maintenance.
Indoor Environment Quality (EQ)
Achieve good quality performance in indoor air quality, acoustics, visual and
thermal comfort. These will involve the use of low volatile organic compound
materials, application of quality air filtration, proper control of air
temperature, movement and humidity.

1. ENERGY EFFICIENCY (EE). 2. INDOOR ENVIRONMENT QUALITY (EQ )


Sustainable Site Planning & MANAGEMENT (SM)
Selecting appropriate sites with planned access to public transportation,
community services, open spaces and landscaping. Avoiding and conserving
environmentally sensitive areas through the redevelopment of existing sites
and brownfields. Implementing proper construction management, storm
water management and reducing the strain on existing infrastructure capacity.

Materials & Resources (MR)


Promote the use of environment-friendly materials sourced from sustainable
sources and recycling. Implement proper construction waste management
with storage, collection and re-use of recyclables and construction formwork
and waste.
3 . S U S TA I N A B L E S I T E P L A N N I N G & M A N A G E M E N T ( S M )
4 . M AT E R I A L S & R E S O U R C E S ( M R )
Water Efficiency (WE)
The Rainwater harvesting, water recycling and water-saving fittings.

Innovation (IN)
The Innovative design and initiatives that meet the objectives of the GBI.

5 . WAT E R E F F I C I E N C Y (W E ) 6 . I N N OVAT I O N (I N )
G B I A S S ES S M E N T C R I T E R I A FO R N O N - R ES I D E N T I A L N E W CO N ST R U C T I O N (N R N C )
G B I A S S ES S M E N T C R I T E R I A FO R N O N - R ES I D E N T I A L N E W CO N ST R U C T I O N (N R N C )
G R E E N B U I LD I NG I N DE X C LA S S I F I C ATI O N
ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
SCORE SUMMARY
G R E E N B U I LD I NG I N DE X C LA S S I F I C ATI O N
G R E E N B U I LD I NG I N DE X C LA S S I F I C ATI O N
G R E E N B U I LD I NG I N DE X C LA S S I F I C ATI O N
G R E E N B U I LD I NG I N DE X C LA S S I F I C ATI O N
G R E E N B U I LD I NG I N DE X C LA S S I F I C ATI O N
APPLICATION PROCEDURE
STAGE 1: Application & Registration

Complete and submit the GBI Application Form with the Applicant’s contact
details, project information and supporting documents to Green building
index Sdn Bhd (GSB). The Registration Fee will be set depending on the size
of the project. Upon payment of the fees, a GBI registration number will be

GBI MALAYSIA
given and the GBI Terms and Conditions will be signed between the
Applicant and GSB. A GBI Certifier will then be appointed for the project.
GBI ASSESSMENT
PROCESS
STAGE 2: Design Assessment (DA)

When the Applicant is ready he may then submit the project for GBI Design
Assessment (DA) either directly or through an appointed GBI Facilitator.
Submission should be done when all key criteria of the design are finalised
and preferably before the commencement of construction so as to enable

GBI MALAYSIA
the project to be monitored and assessed in its entirety. The GBI Certifier
will then undertake the Design Assessment for GSB. This may involve a
presentation by the Applicant and their Project Design Team or by the GBI
Facilitator. The GBI Certifier will upon completion, table the assessment
report to the GBIAP to register and award the certification. The provisional
GBI Design Assessment certification will then be issued with the
accompanying GBI score sheet to show the scores achieved.
GBI
ASSESSMENT
PROCESS
GBI
ASSESSMENT
PROCESS
GBI
ASSESSMENT
PROCESS
STAGE 3: Completion & Verification Assessment (CVA)

Upon completion of the project, the Applicant should submit for the
Completion and Verification Assessment (CVA). This is to be done within 12
months after the completion of the building or when the building becomes
50 percent occupied, whichever is the earlier. The final GBI award will be

GBI MALAYSIA
issued by the GBIAP upon completion of this CVA assessment. Buildings are
awarded GBI - Platinum, Gold, Silver or Certified ratings depending on the
scores achieved. Buildings will have to be re-assessed every three years in
order to maintain their GBI rating to ensure that the buildings are well-
maintained.
GBI
ASSESSMENT
PROCESS
Market Share by Division Business Process Model

https://umsgreenpulse.wordpress.com/2009/11/02/the-recent-hype-in-malaysia-
green-buildings/
The Development of GBI Malaysia (GBI), Ar Dr Tan Loke Mun ,23rd April 2009
Prof. Sarah Sayce, Ainoriza Mohd Aini. School of Surveying & Planning, Faculty of

REFERENCE SUMMARY
Art, Design and Architecture Kingston University London

Ar. Chan Siaw

Organizational Structure Summary

GBI AssesSment criteria For NON-RESIDENTIAL NEW CONSTRUCTION


(NRNC) ,2009, www.greenbuildingindex.org