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CHAPTER 18

ABSOLUTISM AND LIMITED POWER


IN THE AGE OF CAPITALISM:
1648-1774
Capitalism and the Forces of
Change
 Expanding Capitalism
 The Growth of Free Enterprise
Louis XIV, the Sun King
 The Model for European Absolutism
 Foundations of Absolutism
 The Functioning of French Absolutism
The Gravitational Pull of French
Absolutism
 The Germanic Satellites
 Scandinavia
 Spain and Portugal:Irregular Orbits
 The Habsburgs
 Poland: The Last Medieval State
 Absolutism in Prussia
 Russian Autocracy
Holland and England: Limited
Central Power
 The Dutch Experiment
 The English Debate
 Crown vs. Parliament
 Restoration and “Glorious” Revolution
 Whigs and Tories
Breaking the Bank: Diplomacy
and War in the Age of
Absolutism: 1650-1774

 From Westphalia to Utrecht: The


Dominance of France
 From Utrecht to Paris: An Unstable Balance
Economic and Social Challenges
to Absolutist Governments
 The Failure of State Controlled Economies
 Bureaucrats and Smugglers
 The Crisis in Public Finance
 The Privileged 10 Percent and the Forgotten
90 Percent
Economic and Social Challenges
to Absolutist Governments
 The Challenge of Population Growth
 Oppressive Conditions for Women
 The Prevalence of Human Misery
 Protests, Riots, and Rebellions
Louis XV and the Decline of
European Absolutism: 1715-1774
YOU SHOULD UNDERSTAND
 Absolutism and its personification in Louis
XIV.
 The reform of the Habsburg monarchy.
 The consolidation of the power of the
Hohenzollerns in Prussia.
 The rise of Russia.
YOU SHOULD UNDERSTAND
 Power politics in the wars of Louis XIV.
 The War of the Austrian Succession, the
Seven Years' War, and the partitions of
Poland.
 The economic, social, and political
problems that characterized the Old
Regime.

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