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Everything has beauty, but

not everyone sees it.


Development of a Medium-
Density Fiberboard using
Saccharum Spontaneum: An
Alternative material for wall
partition
Marticio, Lyza L.
Miranda, Jon Marl L.
Naling, Mabie Cyrill R.
Salido, Trena Jean G.
Bio-
composites

Bio-composites are a combination of natural


fibers such as wood fibers or nonwood fibers
held together with some type of bonding
material such as adhesive.
Bio-composite
Wood based materials
materials
Fiberboard

Fiberboard (or fibreboard) is a type


of engineered wood product that is
made out of wood fibers.
Low Density High Density
Fiberboard Fiberboard
Medium Density
Fiberboard
Non -Wood
Wood fibers
fibers

Natural wide cut wood

Recycled wood fibers

Coarse beech wood fibers


Talahib

Talahib (Saccharum Spontaneum), also


called wild sugarcane, is a locally
abundant wild species of grass that
grows in a variety of habitats.
Physical Characteristics

Stout / stem Leaves Panicles


Traditional uses as decor and
furniture
Medicinal uses

Roots Leaves

Talahib has astringent, emollient, refrigerant, diuretic,


lithotriptic, purgative, tonic and aphrodisiac properties
Gypsum Powder

Gypsum powder is a natural product found in deposits and is


mainly used in building materials such as drywall. Gypsum is
light and has high fire resistance.
Durian Rind as Fiberboard
A study from Thailand by W.
Wiyataratn, A. Watanapa (2012) who
develops a fiberboard made with durian
rind was formed through heat press. It is
a study that test the probability about
the production of fiberboard made by
durian rind through latex with phenolic
resin as binding agent.
Bamboo fiberboard
One of the promising types of fiberboard is
Bamboo fiber cement board. It was developed by
Oluwatomilola P. Akinyemi and Cordelia O.
Osasona (2017). The research studies the
strength of bamboo fiber cement board used as
building partitions and compares the results with
those of the conventional partition board. The
bamboo chips were mixed with Portland cement,
water, and silica sand.
SugarcaneFiberboard

A study entitled “Fiberboards Based on Sugarcane Bagasse


Lignin and Fibers” from Brazil by William Hoareau et al in 2006
about fiberboards was made from sugarcane bagasse fibers and
phenolic type resins (phenol-formaldehyde). Lignin extracted
through an organosolv process from sugarcane-bagasse was
used as substitute of phenol in phenolic resins from 40 to 100
wt. substitution.
Coconut
Fiberboard
A study from Ghana by Asumadu Tabiri Kwayie et al at 2016
about the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Composite
Fiberboards for Wall Surface Finishing made from coconut
fibers. It was compared with rubber fiberboard. This study tests
its mechanical property such as dropping (impact) and flexural
bending. With its physical properties, density, water absorption,
scrubbing, fire resistance and retaining of moisture were
evaluated.
Process of Collecting
Preparation of talahib (Saccharum Spontaneum) stalks
Talahib (Saccharum Spontaneum) stalks were harvested at the Barangay Canlubang, Calamba City
Cutting/removing the leaves of talahib(Saccharum Spontaneum) using scissors

Talahib(Saccharum Spontaneum) without leaves


Cut the talahib(Saccharum Spontaneum) stalks into small pieces

Peel or shred the talahib (Saccharum Spontaneum) stalk


Wash the talahib(Saccharum Spontaneum) fibers.

Soak the talahib (Saccharum Spontaneum) fiber for 24 hrs.


Sun drying 24 hrs.
Process of Making

Measure right amount of water and gypsum powder and talahib


WATER GYPSUM POWDER TALAHIB FIBER
Mold Making

Placing the mixture into the moulds


Let it dry for 3 hours
Removing the specimen into the moulds
Specimen
Testing
Flexural Strength Compressive Strength
Moisture Content Water Absorption
Compressive Strength Result
50% Talahib (Saccharum
Test Age Sample Spontaneum) Fiber
Plywood  Gypsum
(MPa)
(MPa) board (MPa)

  1 5.13    
  2 4.97    
28 days    
3 4.97
3.8 to 5.6 2.75
4 4.90

5 4.93

6 4.83

Average 4.96
Compressive Strength
6

0
Talahib (saccharum spontaneum) fiberboard Plywood Gypsum board

Compressive Strength (Mpa)


Flexural Strength Result
50% Talahib
 Plywood  Gypsum
Test Age Sample (Saccharum
Spontaneum) Fiber (MPa) board (MPa)
(MPa)

       
  1 1.48    

28 days    
   
4.6 1.5
2 1.51

   

3 1.51

 Average      

1.50
Flexural Strength
5

4.5

3.5

2.5

1.5

0.5

0
Talahib (saccharum spontaneum) fiberboard Plywood Gypsum board

Flexural Strength (Mpa)


Moisture Content Result
             

Test Age Sample Weight 1 Weight 2 Percentage Plywood (%) Gypsum board (%)

(%)

  1 0.3486 0.3017 15.55    

     
2 0.3511 0.3049 15.15
28 days    

3 0.3498 0.3033 15.33    

5% to 15% 16%
4 0.3523 0.3064 14.98

5 0.3455 0.2989 15.59

6 0.3501 0.3041 15.13

Average 0.34957 0.30322 15.28


Moisture Content
16.2

16

15.8

15.6

15.4

15.2

15

14.8

14.6

14.4
Talahib (saccharum spontaneum) fiberboard Plywood Gypsum board

Moisture Content (%)


Water Absorption Result
             

Test Age Sample Weight 1 Weight 2 Percentage (%) Plywood (%) Gypsum board
(%)

             
  1 0.845 1.63 39.25    

     
       
     
2 0.842 1.62 38.9
28 days 45.7% to 57.5% 10%
       
3 0.839 1.65 40.55

       
4 0.844 1.62 38.8

           
Average 0.8425 1.63 39.375
Water Absorption
50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
Talahib (saccharum spontaneum) fiberboard Plywood Gypsum board

Water Absorption (%)


Physical Properties

There was no specific test on how to classify the physical


properties of the fiberboard. The researchers used their senses to
have results. For the appearance, the medium density fiberboard has
similarities with other bio-composite materials like plywood and
particle board, the only difference is its color.
T exture is the perceived surface quality of a work. The texture of
the medium density fiberboard made from talahib (Saccharum
spontaneum) fibers was smooth. The resulting color of the product is
white because of the dominating material which is the gypsum
powder. The resulting medium density fiberboard has no odor.
Conclusion

1. What are the advantages of talahib fiberboard compared to plywood and


gypsum board?

Talahib (Saccharum
Spontaneum) Plywood Gypsum Board
Fiberboard
Conclusion

2. Does applying gypsum powder as adhesive affects mechanical properties and


physical properties of the product?

The gypsum powder performs an important role in making the medium density
fiberboard made of talahib (saccharum spontaneum) fibers as an adhesive. There
was an existing bio-composite board that uses gypsum powder, which is gypsum
board resulting into better performance when it comes to mechanical properties.
On its physical properties, the gypsum powder helps the mainstream type of bio-
composite when it comes to appearance, texture, color and odor. Gypsum powder
affects the mechanical and physical properties in a better way.
Conclusion

3. What are the materials and methods to be conducted during the study?

The materials used were gypsum powder, talahib


(saccharum spontaneum) fibers and water. The
methods used were collecting of fibers, mixing of the
materials, pouring, curing, drying and testing.
Recommendation

1. Use machine or equipment that is applicable in extracting the


fibers.
2. In making the samples, make sure to use wooden spatula to have a
desired thickness.
3. For future researchers, use other kind of potential fiber for the
development of medium density fiberboard.
4. It is also recommended to use other test like fire resistance test,
sound proofing test, etc.
Thank
you! Let’s go 4G
Introduction
Concrete hallow blocks and plywood as wall partition are essential in
building houses and establishments. With the constant increase of
population increase of population in the developing countries, the need
for cheap an affordable housing material also increases. The demand for
wood-based materials and bio-composites is rising while the availability
of supply of wood is decreasing. The local cement industry already
cannot meet the Philippines annual demand of cement (rappler.com).
Much effort should be put into finding alternatives that can replace or
reduce the quantity of materials such as wood used for walling and
concrete works. One of the housing materials that needs alternative is a
type of bio-composites which is fiberboard.
Background of the Study
Composite forest products, or engineered wood,
refer to materials made of wood that are glued
together. The more popular composites materials
include plywood, block board, fiberboard, particle
board and laminated veneer lumber (Gale
Research Inc. 1996). Fiberboard, increasingly
popular for furniture manufacture today is not
wood. It is manufactured by gluing together resins
and fibers of hardwood, softwood or other organic
materials.
This research study will test and analyze the physical and
mechanical properties of talahib (saccharum spontaneum)
as medium-density fiberboard for wall partition.

The manufacturing of medium-density fiberboard starts


with the collection of talahib stalks at Brgy. Canlubang and
cut it into chips with 5 cm length.

The talahib chips will be soaked in distilled water for 24


hours and dry it for 24 hours.
The dried fibers then be collected and shredded.

Mixing the amount of fiber, gypsum powder and water in


blending machine and mat forming using wooden form box
and plywood lined with plastic sheets.

By the help of heat press machine,it will be pressed to the


desired thickness of 6 mm. The board is 3 m long by 1.25
wide fiberboard made of talahib.
Theoretical Framework
Thesis Concept/Subject of the
Study

Review of Related Literature and Studies

Collection of Materials

Mixing and Testing

Data Gathering and Analysis of Result

Conclusion and Recommendation


Conceptual Framework
• Talahib fibers
Input • Gypsum Powder

• Mixing of materials
Process • Heat press

• Physical and Mechanical Properties of Saccharum


Spontaneum as Medium Density Fiberboard board
Output for Wall Partition
Statement of the
Problem
This research study aims to use different percentage of
talahib fibers as medium-density fiberboard that focuses on
physical and mechanical property. Specifically, it sought to
answer the following questions:

1. What are the advantages of talahib fibers compared to


other wood composites?
2.What are the advantages of gypsum powder as adhesive to
fiberboard compared to cement and silica sand?
Statement of the
Problem
3.What are the materials and methods to be conducted during
the study?

4. What are the effects of different percentage of talahib fibers


as raw material for medium-density fiberboard?

5. What are the properties of talahib that makes it different


from other bio-composite products?
Objectives of the
Study
General Objectives
The general objective of this study is to introduce talahib
(saccharum spontaneum) as a raw material in making
medium-density fiberboard for partition wall and to
determine its physical and mechanical properties.
Objectives of the
Study
Specific Objectives
The specific objective of the study is to:
1. Know the advantages of talahib fibers compared to other wood
composites.
2. Determine the advantages of gypsum powder as adhesive to
fiberboard compared to cement and silica sand.
3. Find out the materials and methods to be conducted during the
study.
4. Know the effects of different percentage of talahib fibers as raw
material for medium-density fiberboard.
5. Determine the properties of talahib that makes it different from
other bio-composite products.
Scope and Limitations of the
Study
This research study involved the usage of talahib fibers as a raw
material in making medium-density fiberboard as partition wall in
low cost housing.
This research aims to analyze the purpose and use of talahib as
natural fiber in making medium-density fiberboard. The scope of
this study is the usage of talahib fibers as medium-density
fiberboard as partition wall that is applicable for interior of low cost
housing. It also determines the physical and mechanical properties
of the resulting fiberboard.
Aside from its scope, the study limits the talahib fibers as medium
density fiberboard as partition wall to offices, high-rise building and
school.
Thank
you! Let’s go 4G