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HOW TO
TURN
YOUR
THESIS
ASSOC.PROF.DR.
MOHD TAUFIQ BIN ISHAK
INTO AN
ARTICLE
SENIOR LECTURER/
RESEARCH FELLOW CODRAT,
DEPT.OF ELECTRICAL AND
ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
2

Converting
your
data/thesis
into journal
article does
not have to
be a stressful
experience
3
DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN THESIS
AND JOURNAL
ARTICLE

TIPS FOR
PRESENTATI CONVERTING YOUR
FINDING FOR
ON OUTLINE
JOURNAL
PUBLICATION
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND ARTICLE

THESIS ARTICLE

• Examiners assess whether a • Editors and reviewers of peer-


student’s work has fulfilled reviewed journals are experts in
program outcomes and their fields and well versed in
requirements, not whether it’s scholarly communication.
ready for publication or even
widespread release. • Editors and reviewers will assess
whether papers and projects
• Examiners certifies the student’s further the knowledge and thus
capabilities within the context of should be published.
the discipline and the institution.
(Hawkins AR, et al, The Journal of
Academic Librarianship)
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND ARTICLE

THESIS ARTICLE

• Can run up to a few 100 pages • Much shorter than a dissertation


and has around 20,000 words or thesis
• Requires a tighter framework and
a more compact style
• Each section of the manuscript
LENGTH

has to be shortened considerably


• Selecting and repurposing are
the key elements here: you need
to be extremely careful to
preserve the essence of the study
while leaving out the redundant
details
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND ARTICLE

THESIS ARTICLE

• Usually around 350 words • Typically ranges anywhere


between 150-250 words

• Read the instructions of your


ABSTRACT

target journal carefully. Some


journals require a structured
abstract while others prefer an
unstructured one. 

• Graphical abstracts and video


abstracts
 are also gaining popularity
and some journals ask for
these
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND ARTICLE

THESIS ARTICLE

• More detailed introduction as • Literature review is more


students demonstrate their concise and should include
INTRODUCTION

familiarity with the existing only as much as is required to


literature through an understand the gap in
exhaustive literature review research that led to the study.

• If your thesis/dissertation
includes more than one
research question, make sure
you narrow down the focus to
just one research question for
your journal article
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND ARTICLE

THESIS ARTICLE

• Usually includes an extensive • More controlled presentation


discussion of the research of methods
approach and methodology
• Describing only the details of
METHODS

the methodology used,


specifically, the experiments
conducted

• A comprehensive discussion
of the research approach is
not required here
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND ARTICLE

THESIS ARTICLE

• Usually reports each and • Reports only the main findings


every result in considerable
details • Strict standards of reporting s
hould be followed
RESULTS

, and you should only report


results that are directly
relevant to your research
question and backed by
strong evidence.

• Secondary findings may be


included as supplementary
information if you wish
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND ARTICLE

THESIS ARTICLE

• More detailed, providing a • Clear and to-the-point.


thorough interpretation of all
the results with an aim to • Do not make the mistake of
DISCUSSION

show the student’s complete repeating your results in this


understanding of their data. section.  

• Students need to demonstrate


their interest in future
research directions by
engaging in extensive
speculation.
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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND ARTICLE

THESIS ARTICLE

• Exhaustive list of citations, • Limited number of citations,


sometimes, even a and the reference section
bibliography includes only works that have
REFERENCES

been cited within the article.


• Some journals actually specify
the maximum 
number of references that can
be included
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❶PLAN THE ARTICLE

A single paper in a journal should


TIPS FOR contain a central message that
CONVERTING you want to get across. This could
YOUR FINDING be a novel aspect of methodology
FOR JOURNAL that you have used in your PhD
PUBLICATION study, a new theory, or an
interesting modification you have
made to theory or a novel set of
findings. Decide what this central
focus is.
❷IDENTIFY THE APPROPRIATE
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TARGET JOURNAL

 Read the aims and scope of the journal.


 Most journals’ websites provide information about the
recommended structure and reference style for articles
–Typical structure:
TIPS FOR •Title page
CONVERTING •Abstract
YOUR FINDING •Keywords
FOR JOURNAL •Main text introduction
PUBLICATION •Materials and methods
•Results
•Discussion
•Acknowledgments
•Declaration of interest statement
•References
•Appendices
•Table(s) and figure(s)
❷IDENTIFY THE APPROPRIATE
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TARGET JOURNAL (cont)

Other alternatives
•Journal/Author Name Estimator (JANE) is a good
resource.

TIPS FOR
•Ask colleagues to read abstract and provide
CONVERTING
recommendations.
YOUR FINDING
•Review journal website for
FOR JOURNAL
PUBLICATION –Impact Factor
–Cite Score
–Information for authors
–Journal metrics
–Journal announcements
–Special issues
–Examples of articles previously published
–Review process
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❸ SHORTEN THE LENGTH OF THESIS

Journal articles are much shorter than


TIPS FOR theses/dissertations/capstones
CONVERTING –Require tighter framework and more compact
YOUR FINDING style.
FOR JOURNAL
PUBLICATION –It is not a matter of copying and pasting
• Treat your thesis as a separate work.
• Paraphrase and express the same
ideas in a different way.
• Select and repurpose parts of your thesis.
• Highlight the key points you want the
readers to understand.
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❹ REFORMAT THE INTRODUCTION


AS AN ABSTRACT

Abstracts in journal articles are typically


TIPS FOR
CONVERTING shorter (100-250 words) and likely
YOUR FINDING formatted differently, but should contain all
FOR JOURNAL
PUBLICATION the key elements to hold the reader’s
attention.
Using your introduction and discussion as
bases for the abstract can be a good
starting point.
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❺ MODIFY THE INTRODUCTION

 Your thesis may have more than one


TIPS FOR
research question or hypothesis, which
CONVERTING
are not all relevant for your paper.
YOUR FINDING
Consider combining research questions
FOR JOURNAL
or focusing on one for the article.
PUBLICATION
 Unless otherwise suggested, keep the
introduction short and straight to the
point.
 Use previously published papers (at
least three) from the target journal as
examples.
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❻ TIGHTEN THE METHODS


SECTION

Keep the method section concise, there is


TIPS FOR
CONVERTING no need for an extensive discussion about
YOUR FINDING your research approach.
FOR JOURNAL
PUBLICATION  Use previously published papers (at
least three) from the target journal as
examples.
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❼ REPORT MAIN FINDINGS IN


RESULTS

TIPS FOR
CONVERTING
 Present the findings relevant to
YOUR FINDING the research question(s) in the
FOR JOURNAL results section.
PUBLICATION  If you conducted exploratory
analyses, provide concise
statements of the
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❽ ENSURE DISCUSSION IS
CLEAR AND CONCISE

Begin by providing an interpretation of


TIPS FOR your results: What is it that we have
CONVERTING learned from your research?
YOUR FINDING
FOR JOURNAL
 Do not repeat your results in the
PUBLICATION discussion section:
1. Situate the findings to the literature.
2. Discuss how your findings expand
our perspective.
3. Briefly present ways in which future
studies can build upon your work
and address limitations in your
study.
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❾LIMIT NUMBER OF
REFERENCES

TIPS FOR
 Journals limit the number of citations,
CONVERTING so make sure:
YOUR FINDING 1. To choose the most relevant
FOR JOURNAL (and recent) citations.
PUBLICATION
2. That the citations are formatted
correctly. • Consider using a
reference manager system (e.g.
Mendeley) to make your life
easier.
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ANY QUESTIONS?