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Melemchi Water Treatment

Plant
PRESENTED BY:
GROUP D
CIVIL V SEM
SUPPLY SYSTEM IN KTM VALLEY
• Seven existing water supply system

1. Balaju
2. Bansbari
3. Sundarijal
4. Bhaktapur
5. Dudhpokhari
6. Shainbu
7. Chapagaon
INTRODUCTION to MELAMCHI WTP

• Is long term alternative to ease chronic water shortage situation in KTM valley
• Treatment plant located near Mahankal, Sundarijal
• Upstream of treatment plant is Melamchi diversion scheme
• Raw water diverted through 26km tunnel from Ribarma at Melamchi to Sundarijal
• Ultimate capacity : 510mld
• Plant divided into two phase:

170 mld in first phase &


340 mld in second phase (by addition from Yangri & Larke river)
• Funded by Japan Bank of International Co-operation(JBIC), ADB,etc..
OBJECTIVE
• Main objective is to treat raw water from Melamchi River to
potable standards
• Distribute water by gravity flow from Treatment plant ( 1400m
elevation) to proposed storage reservoir in valley
• To provide safe and healthy water as per WHO standard
• To provide sustainable water supply through Kathmandu valley
Components of Treatment Plant
1. Reception Chamber
2. Mini Hydropower
3. Flocculation basin
4. Sedimentation basin
5. Filtration Unit
6. Backwash System Unit
7. Clear water Reservoir
8. Sludge Lagoons
9. Chemical Building
Aerator
• It is a type of pretreatment
work
• Is used to supply the air to
the water that is conveyed
by tunnel from large
distance from diversion
work area.
Chemical Dosing
• It includes the mixing of main chemicals in water before flocculation

Poly Alluminium Cholride (PAC) in solution form.


Lime
• PAC is a type of coagulant
• Lime is added to maintain the pH value
Flocculation Tank
• A process wherein colloids come out of suspension in the form of floc, either
spontaneously or due to the addition of a clarifying agent.
• Basically, coagulation is a process of addition of coagulant to destabilize a
stabilized charged particle.
• Poly Aluminium chloride(PAC), a coagulant is fed in solution form.
• Raw water strikes on horizontal and vertical wall of flocculation chamber so that
coagulant reacts with water.
• A pH of 6.5-9.5 is maintained by addition of hydrated lime.
Flocculation
Process
Flocculation
Tank of
Melamchi Water
Treatment Plant
Sedimentation Tank
• the process of settling or being deposited as a sediment.
• Floc starts to deposit.
• Facilitated with the sludge sumps.
• The supernatant clear water along with fine suspended solid flows out.
• The Sediments are later sent to LAGOONS which are further treated and sent
back to Bagmati river
Sedimentation
Process
Sedimentation
Tank Of
Melamchi Water
Treatment Plant
Filtration Unit
• Filtration is a process that separates solid matter and fluid from a mixture with a
filter medium that has a complex structure through which only the fluid can
pass.
• Use rapid sand filter process with sand medium of 1 meter depth.
• Consists of 8 filter (current,total 14) units controlled digitally as well as
manually.
• Backwashing mechanism is provided in filter unit to facilitate periodic cleaning
• The filtered water is then transferred to the clear water reservoir.
Filtration and
Backwash
Process
Filtration Tank
Of Melamchi
Drinking Water
Treatment Plant
Backwash Water Treatment
• Refers to pumping water backwards through the filters media, sometimes
including intermittent use of compressed air during the process.
• Is a form of preventive maintenance so that the filter media can be reused.
• Backwashing pipes carrying air and clean water are installed below filtration
media.
• Is done five times in a day.
• Is done by passing air and water in high pressure.
• Backwashed dirty water is transported to the backwash recovery tank which is
further treated for reuse.
Lab
Raw water is checked through 5 parameters:
-Temperature
-Alkalinity
-Conductivity
-Ph
-Turbidity
Also sedimented and flocculated water and clear water are
tested on different parameter as mentioned in figure.(pH, turbidity,
temperature,…….)

-Fishes are kept in raw water from the source.


-If fishes stay without problem the raw water is ok.
-If fishes have difficulty staying in the raw water , there is a problem
In the source intake.
-If fishes die , poison could have been mixed in the raw water from
source.
-Other automated system are setup and installed to;
-Compare the raw water and the treated water
-Chemical tests are done to calculate and estimate the amount of
chemicals like coagulants , chlorine , etc to be mixed in the raw water.
BIOSIS PROCESS:
-Fishes are kept in raw water from the source.
-If fishes stay without problem the raw water is ok.
-If fishes have difficulty staying in the raw water , there
is a problem
in the source intake.
-If fishes die , poison could have been mixed in the raw
water from source.
-Other automated system are setup and installed to;
-Compare the raw water and the treated water
-Chemical tests are done to calculate and estimate the
amount of chemicals like coagulants , chlorine , etc to
be mixed in the raw water.
Chlorinator Board
• Finally filtered water enters clear water reservoir where post-chlorination is
done for disinfection of drinking water by feeding liquefied chlorine using a
chlorine dosing equipment.
• Only specified skilled person was allowed to enter in room.
Clear Water Reservoir
• Finally filtered water enters clear water reservoir where post-chlorination is done
for disinfection of drinking water by feeding liquefied chlorine using a chlorine
dosing equipment.

• The chlorinated or disinfected water is stored in a treated water storage to


provide a reserve of drinking water.

• The water from flocculation and


sedimentation tank can also be
directly stored in the clear water
reservoir if it is found safe after
testing in lab.
Clear Water Reservoir
• If properly planned for avoiding possible problems with the source or treatment, storage tanks
should also be constructed for backup water reservoir to meet the demand.
• The tank or reservoir should hold a volume sufficient to accommodate the peak demand.The
storage tank, and other parts of the water supply system, may be contaminated during
construction. So it should be disinfected before use.

• It is disinfected by filling the reservoir with a strong (20 mg/l) solution of chlorine and leaving
to stand for several hours. The chlorine solution is drained off and the system is rinsed
thoroughly using treated water.
• All storage tanks is insulated to guard against
freezing during the winter. Insulation will also
prevent the water from warming up too much
during the summer months.

• The tank must be fitted with a lockable, well-


fitting (but not airtight) lid to exclude light
and pollutants
Clear Water Reservoir
• In case of Melamchi Water Treatment, the clear water reservoir is located below the
sedimentation and flocculation tanks to make it insulated against the mentioned
problems.

• It is especially important to guard against the intrusion of insects and animals.

• The storage tank must be inspected regularly; at least annually; if possible every six
months.
 
• If necessary, any accumulated silt
can be flushed or siphoned out and
the system is again disinfected by
solution of chlorine as above
Distribution Implant
• From the clear water reservoir, treated water is pumped through long pipelines to
balancing reservoirs with sufficient height for distribution by gravity to service
reservoirs in various demand centers.

• In areas where water is unable to be supplied by gravity, secondary pumping


systems will be introduced.

• According to the demand of different


population sizes of different areas,
balancing reservoir of optimum sizes are
constructed

• Water is supplied according to the water


consumption during peak hours from
the balancing reservoirs.
Distribution Implant
• In initial phase, Kathmandu Upatyeka Khanepani Limeted KUKL will test system
from Sundarijal to Bulk Distribution Systems (BDSs) located at Gongabu, Airport
Gaushala and Anamnagar.

• Then the system after proper run will be introduced in other parts of the valley as
well.

• The overall system of water


distribution will be dead end system.

• Other systems can be implemented


according to the requirement of town
planning.
Mini Hydropower
• Why to waste the kinetic
energy of flowing water if it
can be used ?
• Electricity generating
Capacity : 200KW
• is used for the plant itself
• Reduces the electricity
payment
Thankyou
Lets hope it will complete soon !
Any Questions??