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INTEGRATED DESIGN PROJECT

(ECC 584)

CADANGAN MEREKABENTUK, MEMBINA MELENGKAP


MENTAULIAH DAN MENYELENGGARAKAN KERJA-KERJA
INFRASTRUKTUR DAN BANGUNAN UNTUK HOSPITAL
PENGAJAR UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA, ZON 1 FASA 3)
DENGAN KAEDAH PRIVATE FINANCE INITIATIVE (PFI)

Ir. KHAIRUL ANUAR BIN KAMARUDDIN SUPERVISOR LECTURER : Ir. Dr. OH CHAI LIAN
INTRODUCTION

STRUCTURAL WORKS
• DESIGN USING ESTEEM
• MANUAL CALCULATION
• DETAILING
• COMPARISON RESULT

INFRASTRUCTURE WORKS
• EARTHWORKS
• SEWERAGE SYSTEM
• DRAINAGE SYSTEM
• WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM

PROJECT MANAGEMENT
• TAKING OFF
• BQ
• ESTIMATION
• GANTT CHART
• S CURVE
OBJECTIVE
 To define and formulate solution to complex design problem.
 To apply design standard with the consideration of real world constraint in particular to
the environmental responsibilities of professional engineer and matter related to
economic, legislation, safety and health, ethical, cultural and societal.
 To justify with informed reasoning and consideration on consequent responsibilities to
the society.
 To accommodate the concept of sustainable in the project design.
 To practice effective engineering management in project design.
 To demonstrate leadership skill, ability to work independently and in a team through
project design, presentation and defense of project findings.
PROJECT INTRODUCTION
ORGANIZATION
CHART

PROJECT
MANAGER
IZZUREN NAJIHAH BINTI MUHAMMAD JAMIL

STRUCTURAL
MANAGER
NUR SYARMINE DAYANA BINTI ABAS

HIGHWAY AND INFRASTRUCTUR


M&E MANAGER
ROAD MANAGER E MANAGER
NURFARHANA BINTI NUR SYAHIRAH BINTI MUHAMMAD AKRAM BIN
HUSSIN SALIM ISMAIL
LOCATION OF PLAN
DESIGN METHODOLOGY
Architectural Drawing
Modification of given architectural drawing

Structural Drawing
Key plan of each floor
Master key plan

Design Element Calculation

Superstructure
Substructure External structure
Beam
Foundation Earthwork
Column
Water Supply System
Slab Drainage System
Sewerage System
Retaining Wall

Esteem Manual
Software Calculation
ESTEEM DESIGN
BUILDING INFORMATION:
10 STOREY HOSPITAL
BUILDING

NO. OF BEDS= 400 BEDS

TOTAL HEIGHT = 45 METER

TOTAL BASE AREA = 40000 m2


LAYOUT PLAN

HOSPITAL UITM PUNCAK ALAM


DESIGN CONSIDERATION
ITEM DESCRIPTION
DESIGN CODE EN 1990 EC 0 : BASIC OF STUCTURAL
DESIGN
EN 1991 EC 1 : ACTIONS ON STUCTURES
EN 1992 EC 2 : DESIGN ON CONCRETE
STRUCTURES
STRUCTURAL MATERIAL REINFORCED CONCRETE, Fck = 30
N/mm2
HIGH YIELD STEEL, Fyk = 460 N/mm2
UNIT WEIGHT OF CONCRETE = 25
kN/mm2
VARIABLE LOAD CEILING = 1.0 kN/m2
FINISHING = 0.5 kN/m2
ROOF = 1 kN/m2

PERMANENT LOAD REINFORCED CONCRETE = 24 kN/m2


WIND LOAD BASIC WIND SPEED = 0.65 Kpa
FIRE RESISTANCE AT LEAST 1 HOUR OF FIRE RESISTANT
REQUIREMENT FOR SUPERSTRUCTURES ELEMENT
FACTORED LOAD 1.35gk + 1.5qk
STRUCTURE WORKS
CONCRETE BEAM DESIGN
BEAM DESIGN PROCEDURE

1) CHOOSE BEAM LOCATION

2) LOADING CALCULATION

3) MOMENT CALCULATION

4) COEFFICIENT METHOD

5) PRODUCE BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE DIAGRAM

6) DESIGN BEAM – CONTINUOUS OR SIMPLY SUPPORTED


BEAM MANUAL CALCULATION PROCESS
MOMENT CHECK
K=M/bd2fck
If K < 0.167  Only tension rebar need to be
provided
If K > 0.167  Tension & compression rebar
need to provided

 
DEFLECTION CHECK
CRACK CHECKING
L/dallow > L/dactual
fs=
(pass)
1. CHOOSE BEAM LOCATION

 Extract information about


surrounding slab and
secondary beam (if any)
 List out parameter
Beam size = 300mm x 600mm
Fck = 30 N/mm2
Fyk = 460 N/mm2
Diameter bar = 8 @ 10 mm
Diameter link = 6 mm 2. LOADING CALCULATION
FOR each span
 Calculate Total Dead Load (DL)= DL slab
+ DL beam
 Calculate Total Live Load (LL) = LL slab
+ LL beam
 Calculate Design Load, n
Design Load, n = 1.35 gk + 1.5 qk
Load Distribution to Beam

Self weight +
brickwall

Self weight +
finishes

TOTAL DEAD LOAD =


DEAD LOAD BEAM + DEAD LOAD SLAB
TOTAL LIVE LOAD =
TRANSFER LIVE LOAD FROM SLAB
BEAM DESIGN RESULT COMPARISON
BEAM SIMPLY SUPPORTED
FLOOR NO: 6TH
GRID LINE : (T-U/10A)

ELEMENTS MANUAL
 
CALCULATION
Beam size 300 x 600 mm

Max. moment 546.709 kNm


(mid-span)

Max. Shear Force 241.47 KN


(support)

As required 2986.235 mm2


(mid-span)
As provided 3456 mm2
(mid-span)
(11T20)
DETAILING FOR SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM
Links H6-100 c/c FROM MANUAL CALCULATION

Deflection 14.754
BEAM DESIGN RESULT COMPARISON
BEAM SIMPLY SUPPORTED
FLOOR NO: 1ST
GRID LINE : (R/14-23)

ELEMENTS MANUAL
 
CALCULATION
Beam size 300 x 600 mm

Max. moment
(mid-span) 505.565 KNm

Max. Shear Force 285.404 KN


(support)

As required 2750.711 mm2


(mid-span)
As provided 3220 mm2
(mid-span) (10T20)
Links H6-150 c/c

Deflection 14.621
DETAILING FOR CONTINUOS BEAM FROM
MANUAL CALCULATION
SLAB DESIGN
SLAB CALCULATION

1. LOADING DETERMINATION 2. CONCRETE COVER


 Slab self weight  Exposure condition (Refer to
 Finishes Table)
 Fire resistance (Refer to Table)
 Imposed load
 Ultimate Design Load, n = 1.35 gk +
1.5 qk
3. MOMENT DETERMINATION
 Determine moment for x-axis and y-axis

For both mid span and edge,

Msx = (βsx)(n)(lx2)

Bending moment coefficient, β can be determined from


Table of Bending Moment and Shear Force Coefficient
4. SLAB DESIGN
 Determine the reinforcement area
• Determine k for singly or doubly reinforced
• z for 0.95d

 Deflection
• Table for basic span/effective depth ratio
• Table for tension reinforcement modification
factor
• (L/d)limit is maximum allowable deflection
• (L/d)actual is actual deflection
• Adequate if (L/d)actual < (L/d)limit
SLAB DESIGN RESULT CALCULATION
ONE WAY SLAB
FLOOR NO: 3 GRID LINE : (C-V1/2-
3)

MANUAL
 
ELEMENTS CALCULATIO
N

Thickness of slab 150 mm

Max. moment (mid-span) 5.989 kNm

As (mid-span) 124.71 mm²

As provide (mid-span) 287 mm²


(H8-175 mm)
TWO WAY SLAB
FLOOR NO: 3 GRID LINE : (U1-
V/8-9)

MANUAL 
ELEMENTS CALCULATION
SHORT SPAN LONG SPAN

Thickness of slab 150 mm

Max. moment (mid- 12.74 kNm 5.32 kNm


span)

As (mid-span) 266 mm² 252 mm²

287 mm²
As provide (mid-span) 287 mm²
(H8-175 mm) (H8-200
mm)
SLAB DETAIL DRAWING

ONE WAY SLAB

TWO WAY SLAB


COLUMN DESIGN
COLUMN DESIGN STEPS

LOAD TRANSFER

ULTIMATE AXIAL LOAD

COLUMN CLASSIFICATION

MOMENT DETERMINATION

COLUMN DESIGN
1. LOAD TRANSFER i) Select specific column
ii) Determine amount of load transfer to the
Roof Trusses column, from:
a. Beam self-weight
b. Slab self weight
Every floor c. Imposed load at slab
d. Column self-weight

Basement
Column
n =Cumulative from beam self-weight +
2. ULTIMATE AXIAL
LOAD,N
slab self-weight + imposed load + s
exerted to the slab and the column
self-weight

3. COLUMN
CLASSIFICATION

lamda act < lamda limit , non selender


lamda act > lamda limit , slender

4. MOMENT
DETERMINATION
Moment imperfection
4. COLUMN DESIGN

• Area of Reinforcement (from


chart)
As

• Diameter : max {6mm, ¼ dia bar,


link}
Transverse
• Smax = min {20 dia bar, b, 400}
reinforcement • Lapped joint = 60% * Smax
and spacing
COLUMN DESIGN
INTERIOR COLUMN
RESULT
GRID LINE : (11/U) – Level 10
ELEMENTS MANUAL
 
COLUMN DETAIL DRAWING
CALCULATION
Column size 600 x 600 mm

Axial load 1281.20 kN

As 2347.83 mm2

As provide 2950 mm2


(6T 25)

Links H8-400 mm c/c

Lapped joint H8-225 mm c/c


STAIRCASE DESIGN
INTRODUCTION
◦ Stairs are the system of steps that allows the passage of people and objects from
one level to another level.
◦ Built according to the basic rules and the principles intended to make them safe to
use.
COMPONENT OF STAIRCASE
◦ Tread : the upper horizontal part of stair.
◦ Riser : the vertical portion of a stair.
◦ Flight : consist of series of steps provided
between landings
◦ Landing : the horizontal platform provided at
the head of series of steps.
LOCATION & LAYOUT OF STAIRCASE

Location = Level
3
DESIGN DATA

Tread = 265mm
Riser = 168mm
Flight thickness = 321 mm
Number of riser = 12 Nos
Height of landing = 12 x 168 = 2016 ~
2.02m
LOAD CALCULATION :
   
Load on landing:
Load on flight:
Selfweight = 3.75 KN/
Selfweight = 8.025 KN/
Permanent load = 1 KN/
Permanent load = 1 KN/
Gk = 4.75 KN/
Gk = 9.025 KN/
Qk = 3 KN/
Qk = 3 KN/
Design action = 10.91
Design action = 16.684 KN/
KN/
ANALYSIS


F  = 16.684(3.18)+10.91(2.05)
= 75.42 KN/m

M=
= 39.44 KN/m
DESIGN STEPS


1)  Main reinforcement

As required = 610.22 m/m


Provided primary reinforcement = 628 m/m (T10-125 c/c)
As min = 278.65 m/m
Provided secondary reinforcement = 314 m/m (T10-250 c/c)
As max = 8000 m/m

As min < As provided < As


max
OK!

2)  Shear resistance

Vrdc = 93.41 KN/m


Ved = 48.85 KN/m (from shear analysis)

Vrdc > Ved


OK!
3) Deflection

actual = 30.76
allowable = 38.38

 
actual < allowable
OK!
4) Cracking

Main bar: Secondary bar:


3h ≤ 400mm 3.5h ≤ 450mm
600 > 400 700 > 450
used Smax = 400mm used Smax = 450mm

Sact
=125mm
Smin =
10mm

Smin < Sact < Smax


OK!
5) Detailing
PILE CAP DESIGN
DESIGN CONSIDERATION


◦  = 35 N/mm2
◦ = 460 N/mm2
◦ = 25 mm
◦Cover, = 75 mm
◦Column = 1300X1300 mm
◦Pile size = 600 mm diameter
◦Type of pile = Prestressed spun pile
FOUNDATION CALCULATION

1. BORE HOLE STUDY


Determine the number of soil layer and soil type
◦ 0m-3m SILT
◦ 3m–4.85m SAND
◦ 5m–12.45m SILT
◦ 13.5m –19.5m SAND
◦ 20.3m – 21.8m GRANITE

2. DETERMINATION OF PILE CAPACITY


3. LOADING DETERMINATION
 Determine axial load from top to the lowest floor
◦ Consider the load from roof top to ground floor + stump self
weight

4. NUMBER OF PILE DETERMINATION


 No. of Pile Needed = ∑ Axial Load (SLS) / Pile Capacity

5. PILE CAP DESIGN


 Calculate overall depth, h and effective depth, d
 Pile cap determination → Round cap
 Design of main tension reinforcement
FOUNDATION DESIGN RESULT
GRIDLINE (T-12)
ELEMENTS MANUAL CALCULATION VALUE
Axial Load Gk = 6502.36 kN
Qk = 1530.87 kN
Ned = 8033.23 kN
Depth Of Pile Cap 900 mm
No Of Pile 4 Nos
Pile Cap Dimension
As, prov
As, min
As, max
Shear

Punching Shear No punching shear check


Cracking
FOUNDATION DETAIL DRAWING
INFRASTRUCTURES
WORK
EARTHWORK
MASTER PLAN DRAWING
Cross section A-A Interva Existing Proposed
l Level Level
20 39 41.37
40 39 41.37
60 39.25 41.37
80 38.75 41.37
100 40.75 41.37
120 42 41.37
140 43 41.37
160 43.75 41.37
180 44.25 41.37
200 44.5 41.37
220 45 41.37
240 45.5 41.37

48.00
46.00
44.00
42.00 Proposed
40.00 level
38.00 Existing
36.00 level
34.00
Interv Proposed
Existing Level
al Level
Cross section B-B 20 38.75 41.37
40 40 41.37
60 40.25 41.37
80 41 41.37
100 41.25 41.37
120 41.75 41.37
140 41.75 41.37
160 42 41.37
180 41.75 41.37
200 40.5 41.37
220 40.5 41.37
240 42.5 41.37
260 43.25 41.37
280 43.25 41.37
300 44 41.37
320 44.25 41.37

46
44
42
Existing
40 level
38 Proposed
level
36
Sample calculation

Cut/Fill = {[(EA1-PA1)+(EA2-EP2)+(EB1-PB1)+(EB2-PB2)]/4} X
20 X 20
= {[(44.50-41.37)+(44.00-41.37)+(43.25-41.37)+(42.75-
41.37)]/4} X20 X 20
= 902m3
Notes; Cut = positive answer
Fill = negative answer

RESULT
Total Area 16.30 Acres

Total Cut 71,720.00 CuM

Spoil @ 10% 7,172.00 CuM

Available Fill 64,548.00 CuM

Total Fill 64,439.00 CuM

To import Fill Nil CuM

Access Cut 109.00 CuM


DRAINAGE
DESIGN
INTRODUCTION
Drainage systems can be defined as
Guidelines and
subsurface and surface. Standards

Manual Saliran
Surface drains are designed to remove Mesra Alam
excess runoff from the land which (MSMA) 2012
would otherwise cause localized
flooding.
Outlet
Pipe to Existing main drainage flow
RL = 43
Slope = 1 : 1000
Length of pipe = 282.77 m
DRAINAGE DESIGN STEPS
◦ Overland Flow Time, to ◦ Drain Flow Time, td

◦ Horton roughness,n = 0.015 (Paved) Table 2.2 ◦ Manning’s roughness, n = 0.015 (Lined Drain- concrete smooth
finishing) Table 2.3
◦ Overland sheet flow path length, L
◦ Length of reach, L
◦ Slope of overland surface, S = 1 : 1000
◦ Hydraulic Radius, R

◦ Friction slope, S = 1 : 1000

Tc = to (overland) + td (drain)
◦ Average Rainfall Intensity, I ◦ Runoff Coefficient,C
-The values adopted for runoff coefficient
were based on the ultimate development.
(Table 2.5)

◦ T = average recurrence interval, ARI (years)- (Table 1.1)

◦ d = storm duration (hours)

◦ λ, K, θ, η= fitting constants dependent on the raingauge


location

Q=
DRAINAGE DESIGN RESULT
Take D1;
Length = 57.27
m
Area = 0.129
ha

◦ Flow Velocity = 0.78 m/s


Proposed Drain
0.6 m/s < Flow Velocity< 2 m/s, Size :
Therefore, OK 450 mm x 450
mm

◦ 
◦ Capacity of Pipe, Qcapacity > Qpeak

(0.316 > )

Therefore, OK
SEWERAGE
DESIGN
SEWERAGE DESIGN CRITERIA
1) Population
-The total number rooms units in 10 storey hospital in UiTM Puncak
Alam, 297 units of bed.

2) Average Sewage Flow


-The average sewage flow per day is taken as 225 litter/day.

3) Peak Flow
-The peak flow factor to compute peak sewage flow is taken as 4.325
liter/sec.

4) Sewer Materials
-The materials used for sewer shall be consider of the following:-
225mm Ø to 250mm Ø Type: Vitrified Clay Pipes

5)Minimum Size of Sewers


-The minimum size of sewer from inspection chamber to manhole is
225mm Ø
◦ Table: The population Equivalent (PE) based on MS1228:1991 Office area is 24723

Number of bed is 297


bed
No. TYPE OF POPULATION
PREMISES/TABLISHMENT EQUIVALENT
 
1 Commercial : 3 per 100 m² • Commercial
Including offices, shopping gross area
=
complex, entertainment,
recreational centres, restaurants, = 741.69 PE
cafeteria, theatres • Hospitals

2 Hospitals 4 per bed = 4 x 297 bed


= 1188 PE
• Previous PE
= 1929.7 PE

Total PE = 3859.4 PE
SEWERAGE DESIGN CALCULATION RESULT
Proposed Vitrified Clay Pipe with 225 mm diameter
Criteria:
Average Daily Flow = 225 liters/ day/ person
Total PE = 3859.4 Person Equivalent
Average Flow On Line = 10.051 liters/second
Peak Flow On Line = 4.05 liters/second
Capacity of Pipe, Q > Cumulative Design Flow
( 45.0 liter/second > 4.05 liter/second), Therefore,
OK
SEWERAGE DETAIL DRAWING

LOCATION OF MANHOLE
ROAD WORK
DESIGN

PREPARED BY:
NURFARHANA BINTI HUSSIN
2016218052
INTRODUCTION

This 10 stories hospital and all infrastructure works will be


constructing in Puncak Alam, Kuala Selangor, Selangor.

Based on the site plan the drawing and calculation of road and
drainage have been proposed.

DESIGN GUIDELINE

• JKR ARAHAN TEKNIK JALAN (2013 REVISION)

• TRAFFIC VOLUME REPORT (MIROS)

• MANUAL ON TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES –


STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGN

• MANUAL ON TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES –


STANDARD TRAFFIC APPLICATION
Project Master Plan
Route into the
hospital

Route out from the


hospital

Proposed road location for the project


1.0 DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN INPUT

Average Daily TraffiC : 17566 (FOR 2 LANE IN 2 DIRECTION)


: (17566 * 1.2) / 2
` : 10539.6 (FOR 1 DIRECTION IN 1 LANE)

Percentage of CV (un-laden weight > 1.5 tons): 16%


SOURCE FROM:
Annual Growth Rate: 4% TRAFFIC VOLUME
REPORT (MIROS)

Type of Terrain: Rolling Terrain

CBR Mean: 18.5%

Standard Deviation: 4.4%

Design Life, n: 20 Years


2.0 DETERMINING OF DESIGN TRAFFIC (TRAFFIC CATEGORY)

ESALY1 (Base Year) = ADT x 365 x PCV x LEF x L x T


= 10539.6 x 365 x 0.16 x 3.7 x 1.0 x 1.1
= 2.505 Million
3.0 DESIGN TRAFFIC OVER 20 YEARS
 ESALDEs = ESALY1 x [(1 + r) n – 1)]/r
= ESALY1 x [(1 + 0.04) 20 – 1)]/0.04
= 2.505 x 23.75
= 59.494 Million (Under Traffic Category T5, probability
85%)

Table of Traffic Category,


ATJ 5/85
4.0 DETERMINE SUB-GRADE STRENGTH (SUB-GRADE
CATEGORY)

CBR Mean: 18.5%


Standard Deviation: 4.4%
Normal Deviate: 1.0
Characteristic of CBR Value: 18.5 – 1.0(4.4)
: 14.1% (Subgrade Category SG2)

Table of Subgrade Category


ATJ 5/85
◦ROAD PAVEMENT DESIGN CATALOGUE
PAVEMENT DESIGN DETAILS

CONVENTIONAL FLEXIBLE
GRANULAR BASE
Layer Thickness
Bituminous Surface 50 mm
Course (AC 10 or
AC14)
Bituminous Binder 190 mm
Course/Road base
(AC28)
Crushed Aggregate 200 mm
Roadbase
Granular Sub-Base 200 mm
Subgrade -
WATER SUPPLY
SYSTEM
DEFINITION

Water supply system is a network engineered hydrologic


and hydraulic component which provide water supply.

THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS


DESIGN
◦To proposed suitable pipe diameter from existing tapping
point to suction tank
◦To determine the dominant flow based on peak flow and
fire flow
◦To design the effective dimension of suction tank
◦To locate and determine number hydrant
INTRODUCTION

◦This water supply design report is prepared for submission to


Jabatan Bekalan Air Selangor for approval.
◦Its outlines the design of water reticulation for proposed on
scheme, located on lot number 1567, PT 1568 and PT 7388
Puncak Alam, Mukim Jeram, Kuala Selangor, Negeri Selangor
Darul Ehsan.
◦The proposed scheme consists of 297 beds and ten (10)
storeys of hospital which include office, laboratory or domestic
usage.
◦It cover an area of about 0.4 acres and to be developed by
iHope Development Sdn. Bhd.
Source of WATER DEMAND
Supply
◦ The source of water supply is from • The estimated total daily

demand for the whole


existing tapping point with pipe
development is 692730 litres.
diameter of 300mm and pressure
• Therefore, this water supply
head available is 65m ODL. The
design is documented based
platform level of proposed
on:
development is adequate to supply
1. Suruhanjaya
the water from existing tapping Perkhidmatan Air Negara
point is adequate by gravity flow (SPAN)

system until it reach suction tank. A 2. Uniform Building by Laws

pumping system may necessary to (UBBL 1984)

be installed for reticulation system. 3. JKR Standard


Formula need to be used for head loss and
discharge calculation
Restriction based on guideline

Parameters Acceptable Values


Velocity V > 0.3m/s to avoid deposition of sediments
V < 2.0m/s (may exceed if located at pumping
station)
Residual ≥ 4.5m for peak flow condition
pressure ≥ 7.5m for fire flow condition
Head loss hf ≤ 2m/1000m for peak flow condition under
gravity flow
hf ≤ 15m / 1000m for the fire flow condition
Tank 1/3 of total demand
storage
Peak factor Supply mains (1.2 times average daily demand)
External reticulation networks (2.5 times
average daily demand)
Minimum storage
capacities for other
Fire Flow Requirement types of buildings
Minimum storage capacities for hospital, airport and particular industry
WATER DEMAND
PROPOSING PIPING SYSTEM
LAYOUT PROPOSED PIPE
Proposed
Suction tank

Existing
Tapping
Pipe
LAYOUT PROPOSED PIPE
CALCULATION RESULT
Peak demand requirement (from tap-off point to suction tank)
 
Peak flow demand
Design for water mains peak factor = 1.2
Peak flow = Average flow x Peak factor
Average flow = = 8.02 l/s
Peak flow = 8.02 x 1.2 = 9.62 l/s
= 9.62 x 10-3 m3/s
Length of pipe = 497m
Using pipe diameter = 200mm 

Using Hazen-Williams equation Hardy- Cross analysis


Head loss, hf =
= 0.001m
Tapping point pressure head = 65 m ODL
Proposed bottom level = 41.37 m ODL
Depth of water = 3m
Assume plinth depth = 0.6m
Proposed top water level (TWL) = 41.37 + 3.0 + 0.6
= 44.97m

Pressure head available from tapping point to domestic suction tank (TWL)
= Pressure heads tapping point – TWL - hf
= 65 – 44.97 – 0.001
= 20.03 m > 4.5 m – Okay
 
Head loss/m length < 2 m / 1000 m
= (0.001) / 497
= 2.01 x 10-6 m /m < 2x10-3 m/m – Okay
CALCULATION RESULT
Firefighting requirement (from tap-off point to suction tank).
It is required by Fire Department that three (3) no of hydrant
is in operation.
◦   flow rate for three (3) no of fire hydrant
  The Total pipe length from tapping point to domestic suction tank=
= 1370litre/minutes 497m
 
Tapping point pressure head = 65 m ODL
Average flow rate Assume plinth depth = 0.6 m
= 1(Average domestic daily demand) + Fire flow Proposed bottom level = 41.37 m
= (1)(8.02) + 3() Water height =3m
Proposed TWL = 41.37 + 0.6 + 3
= 76.52 l/s
= 44.97 m
= 0.08 m3/s
  Pressure head available from tapping point to domestic suction
3 nos of hydrant are used with 1370 litre/minute tank (TWL)
used at the same time = Pressure heads tapping point – TWL - hf
Fire flow is dominant flow = 76.52 l/s = 0.08 m 3/s = 65 – 44.97 – 0.051
= 19.98 m > 7.5 m – Okay
   
hf = (10.7 x Qpeak1.85)/(C1.85 x D 4.87) Head loss/m length < 15 m / 1000 m
= = (0.051) / 497
= 0.051 m = 1.026 x 10-4 m /m < 0.015 m/m – Okay
 
 
 
CALCULATION RESULT
Check velocity of water, V
V= Q/A
D = 200 mm
A= 0.03 m2
 
Based on peak flow
V = 9.62 x 10-3 / 0.03 = 0.32 m/s
 
Based on fire flow
V = 0.08 / 0.03 = 2.67 m/s
 
Minimum velocity = 0.32 m/s > 0.3 m/s - Okay
Maximum velocity = 2.67 > 2 m/s – Okay (at pump station)
 
 
CALCULATION RESULT
Tank size design
 
For domestic suction tank For
  fire hydrant suction tank
For 1 day storage For 1 hour operation
1/3 of demand should be tank full volume Capacity of 3 nos hydrant
size =3x
Average daily demand = 247 m3/hr
= 692.73 m3/day
1/3 x 247m3/hr = 82.33 m3
Assume height =3m
1/3 x 692.73 m3/day = 230.91 m3 Area of tank = 82.33/3
Assume height = 3 m = 27.44 m2
Area tank = 230.91/3  
= 76.97 m2 Using standard size of FRP tank 1.0 m x 1.0 m
Proposed size 6 m (long) x 6 m (width) x
3 m (height)
Use standard FRP tank size 1.0 m x 1.0 m
Proposed size 9 m(long) x 9  
m(width) x 3 m(height)
 
PROJECT
MANAGEMENT
PROJECT MANAGEMENT:
TAKING OFF
FOUNDATION DETAIL DRAWING
SCOPE OF TAKING OFF QUANTITIES
1. Structure
2. Infrastructure
NOTES : Architecture’s works, M & E
works are not included in IDP
1. Structure

• Concrete
• Reinforcement/BRC
• Formwork
• Painting
• Piling
• Excavation

2. Infrastructure
• Earthwork
• Water supply system
• Sewerage system
• Drainage system
PROJECT MANAGEMENT:
BQ
BILL OF QUANTITIES (B.Q)/ESTIMATION;

• Using standard form as attached


• Describe all the works accordingly
• Insert the quantities, unit and rate
• Estimate all the items based on current
rates.
ESTIMATION
AMOUNT
ITEM DESCRIPTION  
(RM)
       

A PRELIMINARIES   1,947,370.00
     

B PILING WORKS     304,424.00


     

C BUILDING WORKS   8,468,403.38


     
D INFRASTRUCTURE WORKS   854,827.72
     
TOTAL
     
E PROVISIONAL SUM (5%) 578,751.25

F CONTINGENCY SUM (10%)   1,157,502.51


     
PROJECT
PLANNING
S CURVE
Conclusion
◦As conclusion, the overall objective for this group design project is
to fulfill all the requirement needed by following the building code
of practice.
◦Based on the planning of 10–storey Hospital building that consist
academic centre and wards for (400 patients’ beds) approximately.
◦The selected in the design include all structure elements which are
beams, slabs, columns, pile cap, staircase and retaining wall that
are sufficient to support the imposed loading in the structure.
◦Eurocode were used fully in designing the structure and all the
design criteria and limitations were followed accordingly.
THANK YOU