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Cleaner Production

Gujarat Safety Council


Cleaner production – Approach
• New technique for waste minimization

• Continual improvement.

• Less effluent – higher margin in profit.

• Less risk of release of hazardous chemicals,

• Customer satisfaction. (QCDIP).

• Organization image – profit – society.


Approach Diagram

Continual Services Humans


process

Sustainable Strategy for Risk Cleaner


production red. production

Integrated Production Environment


process. processes
Cleaner production – basic
components
• Management commitment

• Operators / shop floor people involvement

• Organizational approach.
Cleaner production – techniques
• Major techniques are

1. Resource control
• Good house keeping
• Product control

2. By onsite recycling
• Reuse, Recycle , Recovery

3. Energy conservation techniques


• Thermal
• Electrical
• Process.
Cleaner production – techniques
1. Resource control

• Good house keeping

• Inventory control - FIFO system


• Material handling techniques – avoid spillages etc.
• Loss of material , waste generation , disposal issues,
productivity losses.

• Product Control by

• Change in Raw materials


• Change in equipments – efficient
• Change in technology
• Change in process.
Cleaner production – techniques
1. Resource control

• Product Control by

• Change in Raw materials


• Less hazardous / alternate

• Change in equipments – efficient


• Better output

• Change in technology
• Mercury cell to membrane cell

• Change in process.
• SCSA to DCDA process.
Cleaner production – techniques
2. By onsite recycling
• Reuse, Recycle , Recovery

- Recovery of Solvent based chemicals


- Reuse of hazardous chemicals
- Recycling of lower fractions
- Recovery of the products from residue.
- Recovery of catalyst.
- Reuse of water
- Recycling of off spec material.
Cleaner production – techniques
3. Energy conservation techniques

• Thermal
• Steam , chilled water , brine , hot water

• Electrical / instrument
• Energy efficient motors , VFD , auto controller

• Process.
• Condensation techniques, endothermic /
exothermic reactions
• Route change
• Heat recovery etc.