Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 17

DATA COMMUNICATION

AND NETWORKING
ASSIGNMENT#01
TOPIC: COAXIAL CABLE

SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY:


Yatendra Sir
Chitra Meenu
Aditi Awasthi
Rinkal Sharma
Coaxial Cable:
Index
Introduction
Description of Coaxial Cable
Types of Coaxial Cables
Uses of Coaxial Cable
Advantages of Coaxial Cable
Disadvantages of Coaxial Cable
Introduction:
Coaxial cables are the most common,
basic transmission lines.
They are used to transmit electrical
energy, or signals, from one location:
to connect a source to a load, such as
a transmitter to an antenna.
A coax cable consists of two
conductors separated by a dielectric
material.
Description of Coaxial Cable:

Inside view Outside view


https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fsewelldirect.imgix.net
%2Fgallery%2FSW-33020-6%2FSW-33020-6_3.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F
https://www.google.com/url? %2Fsewelldirect.com%2Fsolidrun-rg6-cable-25-
sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjj8prixvffAhW ft&docid=Gbv1I6vPzFqKDM&tbnid=svv4zSedtRTZvM
HvY8KHSM0CaMQMwhOKAEwAQ&url=https%3A%2F
%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki ..i
%3A&vet=10ahUKEwjsjvn2yPffAhXSbSsKHddJBScQMwhpKAIwAg &w=1000&h=770
%2FCoaxial_cable&psig=AOvVaw3p9mSy45vzRIJQhpKIzuNR&ust=1547 &bih=706&biw=1536&q=coaxial
908531105198&ictx=3&uact=3 %20cable&ved=0ahUKEwjsjvn2yPffAhXSbSsKHddJBScQMwhpKAIwAg&iact=mrc&uact=
8
Components:
Centre Core: It is the main component of the
coaxial cable in which signal travels from one
point to another.
 Most common constructions are solid or seven-
stranded conductors.
Solid conductors are used in permanent and
infrequently handled applications.
Stranded conductors are used in flexible cable
applications.
Common materials include copper, tinned or
silver plated copper, copper clad steel and
copper clad aluminium.
Dielectric Insulators: It is placed around the
centre core ,so that the electric charges do
not flow through the material. It is made of
plastic .it is mainly used for protecting
signal strength.
Metallic shield: It is a outer covering ,a
copper mesh. It is mainly used to protect
the signal from electro-magnetic effect.
Outer Jacket: It is mainly made up of rubber
or plastic. It is used to protect the
wire/cable from external damage
Types of Coaxial Cable:
Flexible Coaxial Cable: Flexible coaxial cable
is used where the demand is to fit the cable
into a tight space into a tight space without
performance loss.
Semi-Rigid Coaxial Cable:
Semi-rigid cable is using a solid copper
outer sheath. This type of coax offers
superior transmission, especially at higher
frequencies.
The major disadvantage of this of this type
is that the cable, as its name implies ,is not
very flexible.
Hand Formable Coaxial Cable:

These cables are between flexible and semi-


rigid cables. These cables can be turned and
shaped as per the installation requirement. 
Twin-Axial Cable:
Twin-axial cable is a balanced, twisted pair
within a cylindrical shield. It allows a perfect
signal which is shielded and balanced to
pass through.
Tri-Axial Cable:
Tri-axial cable is a coaxial cable with third
layer of shielding, insulation and sheathing.
The outer shield is grounded and protects
the inner shield from interference from
outside sources.
Connectors:
The ends of the coaxial cable usually end
with connectors.
Connectors are usually plated with high
conductivity metals such as silver or gold.
In case of computer networks, BNC(Bayonet
Niell Concelman) RF connectors are used.
Advantages:
They are most common means of data
transmission over short distances.
They are cheap to make.
Cheap to install.
Easy to modify.
Good bandwidth.
Great channel capacity.
Disadvantages:
Signals entering the cables can cause
unwanted noise, picture ghosting,
making it useless.
More expensive than twisted pair cable
and is not supported for some network
standards.
It also has high attenuation, have the
need to implement repeaters.
Uses:
Short coaxial cable are commonly used
to connect home video equipments.
Long distance coaxial cable are used to
connect television networks and long
distance telephone networks.
They are even used to connect small
computer networks.
THANK YOU