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Probability

Topic/Course
Sub-Topic (Example: name of college)
Question 1
What is the probability that four S's come consecutively in the
word MISSISSIPPI?

A) 4/165
B) 4/135
C) 24/165
D) None of these
Question 2
The digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 are written in random order to
form a nine digit number without repetition. Find the probability
that this number is divisible by 4.

A) 4/9
B) 2/9
C) 17/81
D) None of these
Question 3
A consignment of 15 wristwatches contains 4 defectives. The
wristwatches are selected at random, one by one and examined.
The examined are not put back. What is the probability that ninth
one examined is the last defective?

A) 11/195
B) 17/195
C) 8/195
D) 16/195
Question 4
Two numbers a and b are chosen at random from the set of
first 30 natural numbers. The probability that a2 - b2 is divisible by
3 is :

A) 37/87
B) 47/87
C) 17/29
D) None of these
Question 5
Two squares are chosen at random on a chessboard, the
probability that they have a side in common is :

A) 3/32
B) 1/32
C) 1/18
D) None of these
Question 6
An anti-aircraft gun can fire four shots at a time. If the probabilities
of the first, second, third and the last shot hitting the enemy
aircraft are 0.7, 0.6, 0.5 and 0.4, what is the probability that four
shots aimed at an enemy aircraft will bring the aircraft
down? (Hint: The enemy aircraft will be brought down even if one
of the four shots hits the aircraft)

A) 0.084
B) 0.916
C) 0.036
D) 0.964
Question 7
A and B take part in a duel. A can strike with an accuracy of 0.6. B
can strike with an accuracy of 0.8. A has the first shot, post which
they strike alternately. What is the probability that A wins the duel?

A) 7/10
B) 15/23
C) 2/3
D) 11/17
Question 8
Doctors have decided a test for leptospirosis that has the following
property: For any person suffering from lepto, there is a 90% chance
of the test returning positive. For a person not suffering from lepto,
there is a 80% chance of the test returning negative. It is known that
10% of the people who go for testing have lepto. If a person who gets
tested gets a positive result for lepto(as in, the test result says they
have got lepto), what is the probability that they actually have lepto?

A) 7/10

B) 8/11
C) 1/3

D) 1/2
Question 9
If all the rearrangements of the word AMAZON are considered,
what is the probability that M will feature between the 2As?

A) 1/3

B) 1/6

C) 2/5
D) 3/8
Question 10
A bag contains 10 balls numbered from 0 to 9. the balls are such
that the person picking a ball out of the bag is equally likely to pick
anyone of them. A person picked a ball and replaced it in the bag
after noting its number. He repeated this process 2 more times.
What is the probability that the ball picked first is numbered higher
than the ball picked second and the ball picked second is
numbered higher than the ball picked third?
A) 72/100
B) 3/25
C) 4/5
D) 1/6
Question 11
In a test, an examinee either guesses or copies or knows the
answer to a multiple choice question with four choices. The
probability that he makes a guess is (1/3) and the probability that
he copies the answer is (1/6). The probability that his answer is
correct, given that he copied it, is (1/8). Find the probability that he
knew the answer to the question, given that he
correctly answered it.
A) 17/39
B) 13/29
C) 24/29
D) 24/39
Question 12.1
Amit, Sumit and Pramit go to a seaside town to spend a vacation
there and on the first day everybody decides to visit different
tourist locations. After breakfast, each of them boards a different
tourist vehicle from the nearest bus-depot. After three hours,
Sumit who had gone to a famous beach, calls on the mobile of
Pramit and claims that he has observed a shark in the waters.
Pramit learns from the local guide that at that time of the year,
only eight sea-creatures (including a shark) are observable and the
probability of observing any creature is equal. However, Amit and
Pramit later recall during their discussion that Sumit has a
reputation for not telling the truth five out of six times. What is the
probability that Sumit actually observed a shark in the waters?
Question 12.2
What is the probability that Sumit actually observed a shark in the
waters?

A) 1/36
B) 5/36
C) 1/30
D) 1/24
Question 13
Sum of digits of a 5 digit number is 41. Find the probability that
such a number is divisible by 11.

A) 2/15
B) 11/36
C) 3/35
D) 6/35
Question 14
An eight-digit telephone number consists of exactly two zeroes.
One of the digits is repeated thrice. Remaining three digits are all
distinct. If the first three digits (from left to right) are 987, then
find the probability of having only one 9, one 8 and one 7 in the
telephone number.

A) 1/18
B) 1/20
C) 1/10
D) 5/47
Question 15
N is a 3-digit number that is a multiple of 7; What is the probability
that it will be a multiple of 5?

A) 1/5
B) 11/54
C) 13/64
D) 13/66
Question 16
A boss decides to distribute Rs. 2000 between 2 employees. He
knows X deserves more that Y, but does not know how much more.
So he decides to arbitrarily break Rs. 2000 into two parts and give
X the bigger part. What is the chance that X gets twice as much as
Y or more?

A) 2/5
B) 1/2
C) 1/3
D) 2/3
Question 17
The game 'Chunk-a-Luck' is played at carnivals in some parts of
Europe. Its rules are as follows: If you pick a number from 1 to 6 and
the operator rolls three dice. If the number you picked comes up on
all three dice, the operator pays you Rs. 3 ; If it comes up on two
dice, you are paid Rs. 2; And it comes up on just one dice, you are
paid Rs. 1.Only if the number you picked does not come up at all, you
pay the operator Rs. 1.The probability that you will win money
playing in this game is:
A) 0.52
B) 0.753

C) 0.42

D) None of these
THANK YOU

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