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English Kids Breakthrough

Andrés David
Unit 2 There is / There are
Nouns and Quantifiers Martínez
Guía de
introducción
unidad 2
Un/Countable Nouns

Countable Uncountable
Aquello que podemos Podemos enumerar
enumerar sin unidades solo con unidades de
de medida medida.

Apple An apple Water A bottle of Water


Pencil Two pencils Milk A glass of Milk
House Five houses Salt A pound of Salt

Remember Special cases (in English)

A person Two people News I have a new for you


A man Two men I have news for you
A child Five children Bread I have two breads
I have two bread slices
I have two loaves

Slices = rebanadas
Loaf = Barra de pan
Sugar A gram of sugar
Wood A piece of wood
Coffee Two cups of coffee
Wine Five bottles of wine
Money Some money Algo de dinero
A lot of money Mucho/un montón de dinero

Quantifiers
Con los cuantificadores podemos
describir si hay mucho, poco o nada de
un sustantivo

There is /There are

There is Singular nouns There are Plural nouns

There is a pencil in the bag There are two pencils in the bag
There’s not an apple over the There’re not two dogs here
table Are there people on the street?
Is there milk in the fridge?
Uncontable nouns There is
Contable nouns There is / There are
Food and drinks
Meals
Breakfast
Lunch
Dinner

Fruits Orange Naranja


Papaya Papaya
Apple Manzana
Papaya Papaya
Apricot Albaricoque
Passion fruit Maracuyá
Avocado Aguacate
Peach Melocotón
Banana Banana
Pear Pera
Blackberry Mora
Pineapple Piña
Cherry Cereza
Plum Ciruela
Coconut Coco
Raspberry Frambuesa
Fig Higo (breva)
Strawberry Fresa
Grapes Uvas
Watermelon Sandia
Kiwi Kiwi
Lemon Limón
Mangoes Mangos
Melon Melón

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access vocabulary Flash-cards
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Vegetables Eggplant Berenjena
(aubergine)
Asparagus Esparrago Garlic Ajo
Beans Fríjoles Lettuce Lechuga
Bell pepper Pimentón Onion Cebolla
Beetroot Remolacha Peas Arvejas
Broccoli Brócoli Potato Papa
Cabbage Repollo Pumpkin Calabaza
Carrot Zanahoria Radish Rábano
Cauliflower Coliflor Spinach Espinaca
Celery Apio Corn Maíz
Chick peas Garbanzos Tomato Tomate
Chili pepper Ají Zucchini Calabacín
Cucumber Pepino

Meat
Steak and fries
Fried Chicken
Filete y papas
Pollo frito
Bacon
Tocino

Fish and Chips


Cheese burger Pescado y
Hamburguesa papas
con queso
Drinks
Orange juice
Jugo de Water
naranja
Agua

Coffee
Café

Milk Soda

Leche Gaseosa

Others
Chips (crisps)
Cereal Chocolate bar
Papitas
Cereal
Chocolate

Cookies (Biscuits) Muffin Butter


Galletas Pastelillos Mantequilla

Yogurt
Yogurt
Quantifiers

Muchos/Muchas Mucho/Mucha

Many = Cuantos/cuantas Much = Cuanto/cuanta


Many = Tantos/tantas Much = Tanto/Tanta

Many = Demasiados Much = Demasiado/demasiada

Pocos/pocas Poco/poca

For both cases


A lot of = Muchos/Muchas – Mucho/Mucha
Some = Algunos/algunas – Algo
Any = Algunos/algunas – Algo
Ningún /ninguna - Nada

There are not many tourists There is not much time


No hay muchos turistas No hay mucho tiempo

How many cats do you have? How much money do you have?
¿Cuántos gatos tienes? ¿Cuánto dinero tienes?

There are so many things to do There is so much fog I can see


Hay tantas cosas por hacer Hay tanto niebla, que no puedo ver

We have too many friends We have too much food at home


Nosotros tenemos demasiados amigos Nosotros tenemos demasiada comida en casa
There’re a few apples here There is some milk in the fridge
Hay unas pocas manzanas aquí Hay algo de leche en la nevera

There’s a little water in the bottle We don’t have any dogs


Hay un poco de agua en la botella Nosotros no tenemos ningún perro.

He has a lot of books Is there any milk?


Él tiene muchos libros ¿Hay algo de leche?

Exercises
Now it's your turn, make sentences using each of the quantifiers,
make at least two interrogative and two negative sentences. And
you have to use the food vocabulary.

Too much/many - Not enough

Too much Un-countable Too many Countable

There is too much pasta on the There are too many chips on my
plate plate
There isn’t There aren’t
enough money enough dollars
in my piggy in my piggy
bank bank

We use not enough for both un/countable.


Just be careful to use:
There isn’t enough - Un-countable
There aren´t enough - Countable

There is too much


We aren’t happy because there is a
lot of something
There are too many
We aren’t happy because there
There isn’t/aren’t enough isn’t much of something

Exercise
Look at the next picture about cooking vocabulary. Arrange
the numbers at the bottom over the words in the black boxes.
Take a screenshot and paste in a (word) document.
21

2
1 5
3
4
6 8 10

20 7
19 14 9
13

12 11

18 15
16

17

Jug Spoon Fryer pan

Drawer Bowl Microwave Oven

Whisk Plate Cloth (dish towel)

Fork Spatula Cookie jar

Oven Jam jar Rubber Spatula

Cup Blender Cooking pot

Ladle Cupboard Strainer spoon

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21