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Speech and oral communication

Nature and elements of communication

By: Nestle Anne Tampos - Torres


CONTENT STANDARD
The learner understands the nature and
elements of oral communication in context.
PERFORMANCE STANDARD
The learner designs and performs effective
controlled and uncontrolled oral communication
activities based on context.
Objective
At the end of the lesson the students will be able to appreciate
the different speeches according to purpose:
a. define communication; and
b. create a schematic diagram showing the process of
communication
Motivation
• Tasks: The class will be divided into three groups.
• Each group will Create a two-minute group presentation that
reflects your understanding of what “communication” is about.
• Be creative. You could present outputs through skits, songs,
or other entertaining performances.
• Five minutes to prepare
Definition of Communication
• Communication is a process of sharing and
conveying messages or information from
one person to another within and across
channels, contexts, media, and cultures
(McCornack, 2014).
• There is a wide variety of contexts and situations
in which communication can be manifested;
it can be a face-to-face interaction,
a phone conversation,
a group discussion,
a meeting or interview,
a letter correspondence,
Class recitation
Nature of Communication
• 1. Communication is a process.
• 2. Communication occurs between two or more people
(the speaker and the receiver).
• 3. Communication can be expressed through written or
spoken words, actions (nonverbal), or both spoken
words and nonverbal actions at the same time.
Elements of Communication
• Communication is divided into elements
which help us better understand its
mechanics or process. These elements are
the following:
1. Speaker – the source of information or
message
2. Message – the information, ideas, or thoughts
conveyed by the speaker in words or in actions
3. Encoding – the process of converting the
message into words, actions, or other forms that
the speaker understands
4. Channel – the medium or the means, such as
personal or non-personal, verbal or nonverbal, in
which the encoded message is conveyed
5. Decoding – the process of interpreting the
encoded message of the speaker by the receiver
6. Receiver – the recipient of the message, or
someone who decodes the message
7. Feedback – the reactions, responses,
or information provided by the receiver
8. Context – the environment where
communication takes place
9. Barrier – the factors that affect the
flow of communication
Process of Example
Communication
Daphne loves Rico, her suitor,
The speaker generates an as a friend.
idea. She thinks of how to tell him
The speaker encodes an idea using their native language.
or converts the idea into She tells him, “Rico, mahal
words or actions. kita bilang kaibigan.”
The speaker transmits or Rico hears what Daphne
sends out a message. says.
The receiver gets the He tries to analyze what she
message. means based on the content
The receiver decodes or and their relationship, and he
interprets the message based is heartbroken.
on the context.
• Directions:
Activity
• With your group prepare to portray a role play according to the task assigned to
your group. Group 1 – Peace and Order (Press Conference) Group 2 – Relationship
with neighbors (Talk show) Group 3 – Casual Conversation among peers (Rap
Discussion)
• Given ten (10) minutes to prepare and practice, act – out what you have prepared
in 3 minutes.
• The best performer shall be given a higher point based on the following criteria:
Content 10
Creativity 5
Collaboration 5
Total 20 pts.
Analysis
• Let’s take a look again at the presentation of each
group.
1. Which groups effectively communicated their
message? Give reasons why the presentation was
effective.
2. Is effective communication important? Why? Why
not?
RAP Discussion
• Essential Qs.
a. How do you define “Communication”? and why is it essential?
b. What do you think will happen to the society if there is no
communication?
c. Is communication process important? Why or Why not?
Application (Group work)

• Task: With your group, complete the semantic web


below with a word or group of words relevant to
communication.
Definition
1.
2.
3.

Elements
1.
2.
Process
3.
1.
4. COMMUNICATION
2.
5.
3.
6.
7.
8.
EVALUATION (Individual)
• In a one whole sheet of paper, create a schematic
diagram showing or illustrating your understanding on the
process of communication based on your personal
experience.
Rubric: Creative content – 5 pts.
Thematic Content – 5 pts.
10 pts
ASSIGNMENT
In your reflective journal, write the
importance of communication in our daily
lives.

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